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biographical facts Kate Chopin was born Kate O'Flaherty in St. Louis, Missouri in 1850 to Eliza and Thomas O'Flaherty. She was the third of five children, but her sisters died in infancy and essay, her brothers (from her father's first marriage) in their early twenties. Worst Ever Funny. She was the only child to essay, live past the uc essay 2013, age of twenty-five. In 1855, at five and a half, she was sent to on cctv, The Sacred Heart Academy, a Catholic boarding school in St. Louis. Her father was killed two months later when a train on which he was riding crossed a bridge that collapsed. For the next two years she lived at home with her mother, grandmother, and great-grandmother, all of them widows. Her great-grandmother, Victoria Verdon Charleville oversaw her education and taught her French, music, and the gossip on St. Louis women of the past. Kate O'Flaherty grew up surrounded by smart, independent, single women.
They were also savvy and came from a long line of ground breaking women Victoria's own mother had been the first woman in a court St. Louis to obtain legal separation from her husband, after which she raised her five children and ran a shipping business on the Mississippi. Until Kate was sixteen, no married couples lived in her home, although it was full of brothers, uncles, cousins, and borders. She returned to the Sacred Heart Academy, where the nuns were known for on cctv their intelligence, and was top of her class. She won medals, was elected into the elite Children of Mary Society, and delivered the commencement address.
After graduation she was a popular, if cynical, debutante. Poaching Essay. She wrote in her diary advice on flirting, just keep asking 'What do you think?' (Toth, 62). She grew up during the Civil War and this caused her to be separated from the one friend she had made at the Sacred Heart Academy, Kitty Garesche. Her family were slave holders and supported the South. St. Louis was a pro-North city, and the Gareshe's were forced to move. On Cctv. After the war, Kitty returned and she and poaching, Chopin were friends until Kitty entered Sacred Heart as a nun. Essay. There is no other evidence that Chopin had any other close female friendships. Kate's grandmother died three days before Christmas in research papers on alzheimer's 1863, the same year Kitty was banished. Kate's half-brother, George, died in the war of typhoid fever on on cctv, Mardi Gras Day.
Her father had died on All Saints day, eight years previously, and these unhappy incidents combined to create a strong skepticism of religion in Chopin. In 1870, at the age of twenty, she married Oscar Chopin, twenty-five, and a court essay, the son of a wealthy cotton-growing family in Louisiana. He was French catholic in background, as was Kate. By all accounts he adored his wife, admired her independence and intelligence, and allowed her unheard of freedom. After their marriage they lived in essay New Orleans where she had five boys and two girls, all before she was twenty-eight. Oscar was not an able business man, and they were forced to move to his old home in a small Louisiana parish.
Oscar died of swamp fever there in 1882 and Kate took over the running of his general store and plantation for over a year. In 1884 she sold up and moved back to St. Louis to live with her mother. Sadly, Eliza died the next year, leaving Kate alone with her children again. To support herself and her young family, she began to write. She was immediately successful and wrote short stories about 2013 people she had known in Louisiana. Essay. The Awakening was inspired by invisible four, a true story of on cctv a New Orleans woman who was infamous in research papers the French Quarter. Her first novel, At Fault , was published in essay 1890, followed by two collections of her short stories, Bayou Folk in i need a court 1894 and A Night in Acadia in essay on cctv 1897. Worst Funny. The Awakening was published in 1899, and by then she was well known as both a local colorist and a woman writer, and had published over one hundred stories, essays, and sketches in literary magazines. As a writer, Kate Chopin wrote very rapidly and without much revision.
She usually worked in her home surrounded by her children. The content and message of The Awakening caused an uproar and Chopin was denied admission into the St. Louis Fine Art Club based on on cctv, its publication. She was terribly hurt by papers on alzheimer's, the reaction to essay on cctv, the book and in the remaining five years of her life she wrote only a few short stories, and only a small number of those were published. Like Edna, she paid the price for defying societal rules, and as Lazar Ziff explains, she learned that her society would not tolerate her questionings. Her tortured silence as the new century arrived was a loss to American letters of the order of the untimely deaths of Crane and uc essay prompts 2013, Norris. She was alive when the twentieth century began, but she had been struck mute by a society fearful in the face of an uncertain dawn (Ziff, 305). While reading The Awakening remember that it is a kunstleroman , a tale of a young woman who struggles to realize herself - and her artistic ability (Huf, 69) and remember that Chopin, as well as Edna, was on a quest for artistic acceptance.
That quest ended in essay on cctv an abrupt and frustrated manner when she died of a cerebral hemorrhage on August 22 1904. 1850 Born on February 8 to Eliza Faris O'Flaherty, a well connected St. Louisiana with French roots, and research papers on alzheimer's, Captain Thomas O'Flaherty, a businessman from Ireland. 1855 Enters St. Louis Academy of the Sacred Heart. Father is killed in essay on cctv train accident. 1861 Confirmed in the Catholic Church by Archbishop Peter Richard Kenrick. 1863 Grandmother dies in January; half-brother George dies of typhoid fever. Poaching Essay. 1867 Begins keeping a commonplace book of poems, essays,sketches, criticism, etc.
1868 Graduates from Sacred Heart Academy. 1869-1870 Attends debutante parties, learns to smoke, and writes her first story, Emancipation: A Life Fable, a short story about freedom and restriction. 1870 Marries Oscar Chopin; keeps journal of European honeymoon; moves to New Orleans; Oscar's father dies in on cctv November. 1871-1878 Has five sons, Jean, Oscar Charles, George, Frederick, and Felix. Oscar Charles becomes a professional cartoonist for the San Francisco Examiner and and students on facebook essay, his daughter Kate, becomes a talented artist. 1879 Oscar closes his business in New Orleans and they move to Cloutierville where he runs several small plantations and essay on cctv, a general store. 1882 Oscar dies of malaria, leaving Kate with a heavy debt and six young boys. 1883-1884 Kate tries to run Oscar's businesses and finally decides to move home to her mother's. 1885 Her mother dies. The attending doctor, Dr. Kolbenheyer, who is the poaching animals essay, model for on cctv Dr.
Mandelet in The Awakening, continues to visit Chopin and encourage her writing. 1888 Begins reading Maupassant and writes Euphrase. 1889 Publishes her first poem, If It Might Be, in America. Writes four stories and essay, publishes each of them. 1890-1892 Joins the Wednesday Club, founded by Charlotte Stearns Eliot, T.S Eliot's mother, but resigns two years later. Satire of club women appears in essay on cctv several of her stories, and in The Awakening in the depiction of Mrs. Invisible Dragon. Highcamp's daughter.
1891 Writes Mrs. Mobry's Reason and A Shameful Affair, which are published in on cctv the New Orleans Times-Democrat in 1893. Publishes more stories in Youth's Companion and worst funny, Harper's Young People . 1894 Writes A Respectable Woman ( Vogue ) in January, introducing the character of on cctv Gouvernail, who reappears in The Awakening. Houghton Mifflin publishes Bayou Folk in March, and Chopin becomes nationaly known as a short story writer. 1897 A Night in teachers on facebook essay Acadia , a second volume of short stories is published by Way and Williams of Chicago. 1897-1898 Writes The Awakening . 1899 The Awakening published by Herbert S. Essay. Stone and teachers and students essay, Company on April 22.
1900 Herbert S. Stone and on cctv, Company reverses its decision to publish a third collection of short stories (it would not be published until Emily Toth's edition came out in 1991). Chopin writes four stories, only one of which is published. 1901 Writes and publishes only one story, The Wood-Choppers.
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John Collier Collier, John (Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism) - Essay. John Collier 1901-1980. English novelist, short story writer, poet, and screenwriter. A versatile writer who is best remembered for his fantastic plots, Collier is almost equally famous in the mystery genre. On Cctv? His short story collection Fancies and Goodnights (1951) was selected for the Queen's Quorum, Ellery Queen's list of outstanding mystery collections. The wit, irony, and imagination in Collier's novels and stories is uc essay 2013, often compared to on cctv that of such writers as Saki, Ambrose Bierce, and Roald Dahl. Collier was born in research papers on alzheimer's London in 1901 to John George and Emily Noyes Collier. After kindergarten, Collier was educated privately. He began his writing career as a poet and was first published in on cctv 1920 at a court, the age of nineteen. Essay On Cctv? His focus later shifted to teachers and students essay writing novels and short stories.
His earliest novel, His Monkey Wife; or, Married to a Chimp, was published in 1930, followed a year later by his short story collection Epistle to a Friend. During the early 1930s Collier's fiction earned him a reputation for whimsy and caustic wit that carried across the Atlantic and helped land him a contract, in 1935, to write screenplays for essay RKO Pictures. His most famous Hollywood accomplishment was writing the storyline for the classic film The African Queen, starring Katherine Hepburn and research papers on alzheimer's, Humphrey Bogart. During the essay next thirty years Collier continued writing novels and short stories, developed many screenplays, and was active in television. He died of animals a stroke in essay Pacific Palisades, California, in 1980. Collier's first novel, His Monkey Wife; or, Married to animals essay a Chimp, depicts a man who visits Africa, returns with a chimpanzee named Emily, and falls in love with her, eventually marrying her and moving back to essay Africa. While some readers and teachers and students, critics were shocked by Collier's portrayal of the interspecies love affair, others recognized in it Collier's talents for social criticism and satire, and the novel experienced great success. Collier's subsequent novels, Tom's A-Cold (1933) and Defy the Foul Fiend; or, The Misadventures of a Heart (1934), were less successful. While Collier's writing was always considered nearly perfect, critics found that this, combined with his wit and satire, were not enough to sustain novel-length fiction. Collier's short fiction, however, was consistently well received.
His fantasy stories contain wit, irony, and creative plots that provide insight into human nature. One example, Evening Primrose, is the essay on cctv story of a young poet who seeks sanctuary from the harshness of poaching society. He plans to live in a large department store in on cctv seclusion but discovers that at night, after the doors close, the mannequins come to teachers and students on facebook life. He finds their society as repressive, materialistic, and uncompromising as that of the on cctv real world. Uc Essay Prompts 2013? In another tale, Thus I Refute Beelzy, a boy's imaginary friend comes to life to exact revenge on the boy's cruel and overbearing father. Essay? Collier's mysteries contain sophisticated characters who are often undone by their own wrongdoings and clever plots with ironic and abrupt endings. In Another American Tragedy a young man plans to dragon four murder and then impersonate his wealthy uncle in order to change the old man's will in his favor. As part of the scheme he has his teeth removed, but his real hardship begins for him when the family physician, who is currently the old man's heir, arrives on the scene with secret knowledge of the nephew's intent. Essay? Hints of misogyny also appear throughout the and students essay Collier's work, particularly in his mysteries. Essay On Cctv? His tales of murder often portray troubled marriages in which husbands are motivated to i need a court kill their nagging or unfaithful wives and then hide the bodies in the basement. De Mortuis, one of Collier's most famous and frequently anthologized stories from Fancies and Goodnights, features a New York doctor married to a woman whom his friends know to be unfaithful. When they see the doctor patching his basement floor they assume that he has buried her.
They pledge their loyalty to him and then share tales of the wife's escapades while, unbeknownst to essay on cctv them, the wife is research papers, actually returning home. In 1973 Collier published Milton's Paradise Lost: Screenplay for Cinema of the Mind, in which he recast and updated John Milton's famous epic poem into a screenplay format. Whether or not Collier intended the work to ever be filmed remains unknown. Critics praised Collier's efforts, although some noted that Milton's original depiction of his Genesis characters was lost amid Collier's attempts to further romanticize the story. Collier was very popular in the United States, where his most memorable literary pieces were collected in The John Collier Reader in 1972.
Like many writers of fantastic fiction, Collier was largely ignored by scholars but received high praise from the public. Critics often noted that Collier had a rare talent for writing perfectly crafted, highly stylized sentences. Marjorie Farber wrote in a review of essay The Touch of Nutmeg, (1943) Collier handles cliches with the deft conviction of a poet. Many of his stories adapted for worst funny film and televisionin some cases by accomplished directors such as Orson Wells and Alfred Hitchcockare also celebrated by on cctv viewing audiences. Commenting on Collier, Anthony Burgess stated, Though not a writer of the very first rank, he possessed considerable literary skill and ever, a rare capacity to entertain. Essay On Cctv? He needs to be rediscovered. Access our John Collier Study Guide for Free. His Monkey Wife; or, Married to a Chimp (novel) 1930. Epistle to a Friend (short stories) 1931. Gemini: Poems (poetry) 1931. No Traveller Returns (short stories) 1931.
The Scandal and Credulities of John Aubrey (nonfiction) 1931. Green Thoughts (short stories) 1932. Just the Other Day: An Informal History of Great Britain Since the War (history) 1932. Tom's A-Cold (novel) 1933; also published as Full Circle: A Tale, 1933. Defy the invisible dragon four Foul Fiend; or, The Misadventures of a Heart (novel) 1934. The Devil and All (short stories) 1934. Variation on a Theme (short stories) 1935. Witch's Money (short stories) 1940. Presenting Moonshine: Stories (short stories) 1941.
The Touch of Nutmeg, and More Unlikely Stories (short stories) 1943. Fancies and Goodnights (short stories) 1951. Pictures in essay on cctv the Fire (short stories) 1958. The John Collier Reader (short stories and novels) 1972. Milton's Paradise Lost: Screenplay for Cinema of the Mind (screenplay) 1973. Josiah Titzell (review date 5 April 1931) SOURCE: Titzell, Josiah. An Exciting First Novel. New York Herald Tribune Books (5 April 1931): 6. [ In the following review, Titzell notes that His Monkey Wife is original and extraordinary. ] His Monkey Wife is a book with which to choose your friends. Poaching? Either they will like it tremendously or they will not be able to see it at all, but in either case they will feel strongly and you can accept or reject them depending on whether or not their reactions square with yours. I shall choose mine among those who share my excitement for on cctv this extraordinary first novel. It is a dangerous business if you want people to like this book to try to tell them what it is about.
Described it can seem to have a quantity of things in it that are not actually there, and similarly it is impossible to convey the subtle wit which makes you laugh aloud, the worst beauty and the penetrating satire which blend so perfectly into its brilliance. It is the story of Emily, a chimpanzee, who has been adopted into the house of Mr. Alfred fatigay in Boboma, the Upper Congo. Mr. Fatigay is essay, a mildly idealistic schoolteacher whose duty it is to teach the pickaninnies, and since Emily has already begun to dragon show that devotion which springs from her primitive emotions, she sits quietly in the back of the classroom, closely following every word of her lord and master. In a short time.
(The entire section is 565 words.) Get Free Access to this John Collier Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to on cctv ace every test, quiz, and essay.
We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on teachers and students, your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. On Cctv? Download our handy iOS app for free. Dudley Carew (review date 5 May 1931) SOURCE: Carew, Dudley. New Novels. Times Literary Supplement, no.
1514 (5 May 1931): 96. [ In the following review, Carew praises Collier's wit and satire in His Monkey Wife, but notes that the novel will be intensely disliked by some readers. ] The title of Mr. John Collier's first novel, His Monkey Wife or Married to a Chimp, suggests a somewhat unpleasing variation on research on alzheimer's, a zoological theme made popular by Mr. Essay On Cctv? David Garnett in his Lady into Fox. Actually, however, the relationship between the two books is teachers on facebook, slight to the point of disappearance, for the fact that Emily happened to be a chimpanzee was the least important thing about that noble and. (The entire section is 516 words.) Get Free Access to this John Collier Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and essay, thousands more.
Herschel Brickell (review date 1931) SOURCE: Brickell, Herschel. A Variety of Fiction. The North American Review 231 (1931): 574. [ In the following review, Brickell comments on Collier's satire and i need, humor in on cctv His Monkey Wife.] One of the most engaging of teachers on facebook essay recent novels is an English satire by John Collier and called His Monkey Wife or Married to on cctv a Chimp. A Court? In brief, it is the story of the return from essay on cctv Africa to England of essays a young Englishman. His companion is a lady chimpanzee named Emily. Once at home, he falls in love with a pretty girl, but after many difficulties decides to marry Emily and essay on cctv, return to Africa. This is a highly entertaining piece of fiction, and also a sharp and amusing comment upon. (The entire section is and students, 325 words.)
Basil Bunting (review date August 1932) SOURCE: Bunting, Basil. Valentine and Orson. Poetry 40, no. Essay On Cctv? 5 (August 1932): 293-95. [ In the following review, Bunting regards Gemini as a sizeable achievement despite its affectations. ] Edith Sitwell says: A writer to whom the gentle and insipid word talent cannot be applied, but a greater word of whose use we are, as a rule, afraid. In case you inquire for dragon four essays Miss Sitwell's credentials, here they are: The only modern poet who is completely successful in verse seems to me to on cctv be Miss Edith Sitwell: by John Collier, preface to research papers Gemini. These poems have also been awarded two valuable prizes, so they come well recommended.
Finally. (The entire section is essay, 672 words.) Rolfe Scott-Thomas (review date 20 October 1932) SOURCE: Scott-Thomas, Rolfe. Informal History. Times Literary Supplement, no. 1603 (20 October 1932): 760. [ In the following review, Scott-Thomas finds Just the Other Day to a court essay be lacking in the appropriate gravity and perspective. ] Mr.
John Collier and Mr. Iain Lang, the authors of Just the on cctv Other Day an Informal History of Great Britain Since the War, as the a court sub-title runsacknowledge their indebtedness for their main idea to essay Mr. F. L. Allen, who treated the post-War years in America in his book Only Yesterday. But an earlier and better example of this kind of writing is to be found in Mr. R. H. Gretton's Modern History of the. (The entire section is 618 words.)
New Statesman and Nation (review date 12 November 1932) SOURCE: Since the a court War. New Statesman and Nation 4, no. 90 (12 November 1932): 599-600. [ In the following review, the critic finds Just the Other Day to be well written and conceived but overly didactic in its social commentary. ] There is a peculiarly revolting passage in the adventures of Gulliver in essay Brobdingnag where Swift describes the impression conveyed to his hero by a sojourn in worst the private apartments of some ladies of the court. Magnified out of all friendly perspective these ladies, engaged on their toilets, are revealed as loathsome, hideous monsters. Allowing for twentieth century restraint, Gulliver's point of view on essay on cctv, this occasion is that. (The entire section is 777 words.)
The Spectator (review date 18 November 1932) SOURCE: Outmoded Cavalcade. The Spectator 149, no. 5447 (18 November 1932): 714. [ In the following review, the critic finds Just the Other Day overly casual in places but overall informative and prompts 2013, enjoyable. ] The authors of Just the essay Other Day have based their work upon Mr. Poaching Essay? F. L. Allen's survey of the post-War years in America entitled Only Yesterday. It was a happy idea to apply a similar technique to recent English history, and the collaboration of Mr. Collier and Mr. On Cctv? Lang has been exceedingly fortunate. Prompts 2013? The material cannot have been easy to select and compress, but they have done wonders. Dealing first of all with the immediate aftermath of.
(The entire section is 770 words.) David Garnett (review date 8 April 1933) SOURCE: Garnett, David. Current Literature. New Statesman and Nation 50, no. III (8 April 1933): 448. [ In the following review, Garnett considers Tom's A-Cold a disappointing follow-up to essay Collier's earlier works. Animals Essay? ] When I had read a few pages of Tom's A-Cold, by John Collier, I thought that the author of that highly original book His Monkey Wife had given us another After London. For Mr. Essay On Cctv? Collier has taken the alarmists, who predict the collapse of civilisation, at their word and has drawn England in the nineteen nineties when, after wars, plagues, and famines have done their worst, what is left is almost exactly like what Jefferies. (The entire section is 595 words.) Iris Barry (review date 7 May 1933)
SOURCE: Barry, Iris. A Tomorrow Grown out of Today's Fears. New York Herald Tribune Books (7 May 1933): 6. [ In the following review, Barry considers Full Circle to be a provocative book. ] This is no novel about the future, in essay funny the ordinary sense of that phrase. It is not compounded of essay Wellsian characters or situations, but of men like our neighbors, like Francis Bacon or General Marbot, in situations such as men have faced before. Suppose all is lost, since the economic pundits tell us all may so easily be lost, and civilization as we know it shattered to chaos, to the dark ages and worse again, to beyond the uc essay prompts 2013 bronze age if you willwhat then? Annihilate. (The entire section is essay, 1179 words.)
John Cournos (review date 28 June 1933) SOURCE: Cournos, John. An Old, Old Story. The Nation 136, no. 3547 (28 June 1933): 732-33. [ In the essay ever funny following review, Cournos regrets that Collier has wasted his talents writing Full Circle.] It will be remembered that in the last two pages of Penguin Island Anatole France furnishes us with a sketchy picture of the day when civilization will have run its course, and men, barbarians once more, will have begun to build a new civilization not so different from the old. John Collier takes up the on cctv theme in this his second novel and uc essay, elaborates it in essay on cctv nearly three hundred pages.
Only it is 2013, not France but England which is the author's focal pointEngland in. (The entire section is 438 words.) Wyndham Lewis (review date 8 June 1934) SOURCE: Lewis, Wyndham. Demos Defied. The Spectator 152, no. 5528 (8 June 1934): 892.
[ In the following review, Lewis finds that Defy the Foul Fiend begins on a weak note but soon becomes an accomplished work. On Cctv? ] The diabolical presence who is defied in this book is the teachers on facebook essay demon called Demos. Democracyas is today on essay on cctv, all hands and teachers and students, increasingly the caseis compelled to assume the horn and hoof. And the colours that are sported by this newest hero are the Tory coloursthough that, I venture to believe, is on cctv, a mistaken tag, as his politics, as they are revealed to us in 2013 partly humorous, partly impassioned scenes, of very great vivacity, are much. (The entire section is 1026 words.) William Rose Benet (review date 4 August 1934) SOURCE: Benet, William Rose. The Misadventures of Young Lovers. Saturday Review of Literature 11, no. On Cctv? 3 (4 August 1934): 33. [ In the following review, Benet finds Defy the Foul Fiend a disappointment after the i need a court essay success of His Monkey Wife.] There are two books for which everyone should evermore praise John Collier. One is the novel, His Monkey Wife, which appeared a few years ago, and the second his editing of what he has called The Scandal and Credulities of John Aubrey.
In their several ways I do not know which I like better; but I do know that I like both passing well. Therefore when I opened a new novel by him with such. (The entire section is essay, 866 words.) The Nation (review date 8 August 1934) SOURCE: Shorter Notices. The Nation 139, No. 3605 (8 August 1934): 168. [ In the following review, the i need a court critic declares that Defy the Foul Fiend will fail to gain a wide readership despite its attributes. Essay On Cctv? ] These two novels, [ Defy the Foul Fiend, and Brian Guy, by Benjamin Appel] so completely different in temper and style, are in many respects the same story.
They each describe a gifted young man who would rather do anything than earn what is described by old-fashioned persons as an dragon essays honest living; the two heroes are both agreeable wastrels, in short, with no regard for on cctv their elders and betters and research, with an irresistible attraction for charming. (The entire section is 296 words.) Fanny Butcher (review date 22 September 1934) SOURCE: Butcher, Fanny. Collier Writes with Brilliance in New Novel. Chicago Daily Tribune XCIII, no. On Cctv? 228 (22 September 1934): 15. [ In the and students following review, Butcher offers high praise for Defy the Foul Fiend despite Collier's lack of development of his protagonist. Essay? ] John Collier, whose His Monkey Wife was one of worst ever funny those lodes of pure brilliance which is rarely found in the good mines of English literature, and upon on cctv, whom the four eyes of essay on cctv those who would like to feel themselves his peers have been turned with eagerness, recently offered us Defy the Foul Fiend, which provesto this reviewer, at leastone of the most difficult of prompts books to judge. (The entire section is essay on cctv, 537 words.) C. J. A Court? Eustace (review date September 1934) SOURCE: Eustace, C. Essay On Cctv? J. Philanderer's Progress. Canadian Forum 14, no. 168 (September 1934): 488.
[ In the following review, Eustace offers a negative assessment of Defy the Foul Fiend but admits that Collier's writing evidences genius. ] The writer must confess his abysmal ignorance! Before this book he had never heard of Mr. John Collier. Apparently Mr. Collier has published two other books, both of and students them highly praised by the reviewers in on cctv England. The names of these novels are His Monkey Wife and worst ever, Tom's A-Cold.
We are assured, by the reviewers of both these works, that the essay on cctv writer of them is a man of animals essay genius. And yet! (The entire section is 355 words.) Geoffrey West (review date 12 December 1934) SOURCE: West, Geoffrey. Essay? New Novels. Times Literary Supplement no. 1717 (12 December 1934): 920. [ In the essay ever following review, West finds the essay stories in The Devil and All to on facebook be well written but shallow. ] Mr. John Collier's The Devil and All reveals him as master of the art of saying, with consummate skill, almost exactly nothing at all. These six short stories are a demonstration of accomplishment and essay on cctv, dexterity to be compared to the performances of 2013 a champion trick skater. His prose glides and turns, pauses and pirouettes, leaps and wheels, and in essay general does the nicest tricks with unfailing coolness and precision.
Seldom is even a comma misplaced, and. (The entire section is 410 words.) Ben Ray Redman (review date 1 February 1941) SOURCE: Redman, Ben Ray. Imagination at Large. Saturday Review of Literature 23, no. 15 (1 February 1941): 5. [ In the following review, Redman praises Collier's imaginative plots in the stories in i need essay Presenting Moonshine.] This latest presentation of John Collier's own, particular, and inimitable brand of literary moonshine contains the story, Thus I Refute Beelzy, which recently disturbed and baffled the less imaginative readers of The Atlantic. It contains other tales, among its twenty-four, that would not only baffle and disturb but horrify them. By these same tales, more imaginative readers will be delighted, for almost every one of the double-dozen. (The entire section is 400 words.) Otis Ferguson (review date 3 February 1941) SOURCE: Ferguson, Otis. Collected Waxworks. New Republic 104, no.
1366 (3 February 1941): 155. [ In the following review, Ferguson finds the stories in Presenting Moonshine enjoyable but superficial. Essay On Cctv? ] John Collier in his short stories has opened up a vein of fiction that comes strangely in this time. All his pieces [in Presenting Moonshine ] are in this same mannerwhich is not, incidentally, the and students essay more humane and engaging manner of the two novels: His Monkey Wife and Defy the Foul Fiend. They are matter-of-fact in tone, smoothly joined in the writing, and deal in one way or another with the essay supernatural. I don't like them. Poaching Animals Essay? They are. (The entire section is 509 words.) Paul Theroux (essay date 26 November 1972) SOURCE: Theroux, Paul. Essay? Very Wayward Miniatures. Washington Post Book World (26 November 1972): 4. [ In the following essay, Theroux discusses Collier's place in literary tradition. Research On Alzheimer's? ] The critical reaction was mixed in essay on cctv 1931 when John Collier's first novel, His Monkey Wife; or, Married to a Chimp, was published by Appleton. Books called it an extraordinary first novel and research, The Boston Evening Transcript said it was unique and essay, thoroughly entertaining satire. The Nation regretted that it was not so deft as David Garnett's Lady Into Fox ; The New Republic said there was in it less humor than artifice and The.
(The entire section is 1355 words.) New Republic (review date 9 December 1972) SOURCE: In Brief. New Republic 167, no. 22 (9 December 1972): 33-34. [ In the following review, the critic examines the works included in The John Collier Reader, concluding that much of Collier's canon is charming but light reading. ] We may still believe in Godour money and our pledge of allegiance say we dobut few nowadays believe in Satan.
True, we can muster up a pharisaical contempt for worst antisocial behavior; we can generate a proper Republican shudder at essay, breaches of law'n'order; and of course any sexual naughtiness still provides a spasm of titillation or moral indignation (which T. Poaching Animals? S. Eliot said is the favorite emotion of the middle class). (The entire section is 427 words.) Jay Martin (review date 23 June 1973) SOURCE: Martin, Jay. Praise for the Blighted and Blasted. New Republic 168, no. 25 (23 June 1973): 28-29. [ In the following review, Martin finds Milton's Paradise Lost predictable and unsatisfying. ] Although John Collier has titled his new book Milton's Paradise Lost and announces that he intends to reproduce Milton's concept in a screenplay, in almost every respect this work is unlike Milton's; and only in appearance is essay on cctv, it a screenplay. On Facebook Essay? It is all John Collier and entirely romance. For a starter Collier replaces Milton's Ptolemaic System with a physically correct galactic universe through which Satan plummets like a stricken. (The entire section is 1025 words.)
John Updike (essay date 20 August 1973) SOURCE: Updike, John. Milton Adapts Genesis; Collier Adapts Milton. New Yorker 49, no. 26 (20 August 1973): 84-86, 89. [ In the following essay, Updike explores Collier's interpretation of essay on cctv Milton's Paradise Lost. ] No clue is papers on alzheimer's, offered, on the jacket flap or in the author's rather testy Apology, as to what possessed John Collier to turn John Milton's Paradise Lost into a screenplay. Was this a commercial, practical projectafter all, Cecil B. De Mille mined Exodus and Judges for on cctv a pretty pennyfrom whose shipwreck the writer salvaged his script? Or was it always to be a curiosity purely literarya Screenplay for worst essay ever funny Cinema of the Mind, as. (The entire section is 2240 words.) SOURCE: Burgess, Anthony. Introduction. In The John Collier Reader, pp. xi-xv. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1973.
[ In the following essay, Burgess surveys Collier's literary career. On Cctv? ] Ask the average Englishman about Milton, and he will say it is the name of a patent antiseptic. This is true, though not exclusively. Ask him about John Collier, and he will say that it is the poaching animals name of a chain men's outfitters, probably adding the essay on cctv television jingle John Collier, John Collier, the window to watch. There is a nice irony about the fact that the real or immortal John Collierwriter, not tailoris the last man in the world whose window is to be watched. He eschews. (The entire section is 2016 words.) SOURCE: Milne, Tom. A Court? The Elusive John Collier. Sight and Sound 45, no. 2 (spring 1976): 104-8. [ In the following essay, Milne explores Collier's writing and films based on on cctv, his stories. ] If thou be'st born to strange sights and if you don't mind picking your way through the untidy tropics of this, the globe, and this, the heart, in animals essay order to on cctv behold them, come with me into the highly coloured Bargain Basement Toy Bazaar of the Upper Congo. You shall return to England shortly. Essay? John Collier, His Monkey Wife.
After languishing in limbo since its appearance at the London. (The entire section is essay on cctv, 5805 words.) Arrowsmith, J. E. S. FictionI. London Mercury 28, no. 164 (June 1933): 169-71. Arrowsmith laments that Collier failed to put more of himself into uc essay prompts 2013 Tom's A-cold. Moran, Helen. Fiction II. London Mercury 30, no. 177 (July 1934): 277-79.
Moran finds the inconsistent tone and mood of Defy the essay Foul Fiend to be disorienting to the reader. Additional coverage of Collier's life and career is contained in the following sources published by the Gale Group: Contemporary Authors, Vols. 65-68, 97-100; Contemporary Authors New Revision Series, Vol. 10;.
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maus essay holocaust Whether commentary [. ] is built into a structure of a history or developed as a separate, superimposed text is a matter of on cctv, choice, but the voice of the poaching animals, commentator must be clearly heard. The commentary should disrupt the facile linear progression of the narration, introduce alternative interpretations, question any partial conclusion, withstand the need for closure [. ]Such commentary may introduce splintered or constantly recurring refractions of a traumatic past by essay on cctv using any number of different vantage points. Saul Friedländer, Trauma, Transference and Working-Through, History and Memory 4 (1992): 39-55. Copyright (c) 1995 by Robert S. Leventhal, all rights reserved. This text may be shared in accordance with the fair use-provisions of the U.S. I Need A Court Essay! Copyright Law. Redistribution and republication of essay, this text on other terms, in any medium, requires the written permission of the author. Trauma, Working-Through, and the Problem of Historical Understanding. In the Neo-Freudian Theories of Winicott, the attempt has been made to poaching essay articulate the process of working-through the essay on cctv, traumatic loss of the papers, beloved object more precisely. Essay! Winicott's famous phrase Mourning without empathy leads to madness has often been cited as the key to his theory, which is that there must be an empathetic witness to the pain of this traumatic loss, that the person who suffers this loss must be able to give testimony to someone as a way of working-through or processing this loss, and that finally certain transitional or intermediate objects might be necessary in order to move from the teachers, state of dependence and reliance on the Other to on cctv a renewed state of self-sufficiency after the poaching essay, traumatic severance.
The difficulty with this type of understanding is its insistence on a singular empathetic Other who hears the testimony of the witness, and thereby bears witness to the traumatic loss in on cctv, a therapeutic manner. What does it actually mean to work-through a traumatic loss? and what does this mean with regard not to an individual, but to an entire people? Many of the normative claims of teachers and students, psychoanalysis are present in this type of approach: the hope is that a gradual reintergration of the meaning of the lost object occurs and the fact of the loss helps the subject to grow beyond this dependency in the construction of a self that is able to tolerate and understand alterity and is not rigidly defined. This is the thesis of Eric Santner's Stranded Objects. Cultural Besetzung : The Canon and Canonical Texts. One of the ways in which a culture betrays (in the sense of allows to become clear) its own investments or Besetzungen , to use Freud's term for the psychic endowment of certain things, is in its priveleging specific ways of thinking and writing, certain forms of presentation, the on cctv, selection of invisible dragon four, specific genres as being apt or appropriate for certain tasks.
An analysis of Steven Spielberg's Schindler's List could show that the primacy of the (visual) romance in some way governs the institution of filming in that film. There is a vast difference in this respect to Claude Lanzmann's Shoah and to Hans-Jürgen Syberberg's Hitler, Ein Film aus Deutschland. As Primo Levi sought to articulate the essay on cctv, discursive and logistical space of prompts 2013, Auschwitz, Syberberg attempts to actually enter into the distorted puppet-show of German Fascism, the essay, black studio of German (film) projections and fantasies, the nostalgiac, melancholic state of Postwar, Postholocaust Germany. Invisible Dragon Four Essays! Lanzmann's Shoah equally does away with conventional narrative schemes and totalizing representation, presenting the Nazi Genocide in a series of detailed researches or inquiries, and utilizing not a single foot of documentary film from the thirties or forties. Lanzmann's film allows the contradictions between the testimony of the perpetrators and that of the victims to stand. It neither escapes into false or coerced reconcilations, nor does accept the validity of unreflected testimony unquestioningly.
The way in which a culture organizes, disciplines, and reads a certain event is an excellent way to find out essay about that culture's troubled areas or hot spots. The philosopher Berel Lang has argued in his book Act and Idea of the Nazi Genocide that there are only certain appropriate and and students on facebook, ethically responsible ways of on cctv, representing the Shoah. In this respect, many crtics have said that the Holocaust requires an elevated genre, that it is the stuff of high literature and should not be desecrated by allowing low genres to communicate the destruction of the prompts, European Jews. There would at first sight seem to essay on cctv be an 2013 inalterable cultural hierarchy of forms, media, genres: the novel, the tragedy, a poem, a scholarly essay or book might be considered acceptable; on the other hand, a satire, a parody, a comedy, a farce -- these would not seem to be eligible for appropriate forms of literary representation. But the fact is that both within these genres and essay, modes, as well as with regard to the genre or mode itself, there are both high and low forms; and what is radical, chic, or revolutionary at one historical juncture might be quite reactionary or conservative at another. My view is that Spiegelman, precisely by uc essay prompts 2013 utilizing the comic-book as the textual medium of a story of the Holocaust, succeeds in on cctv, breaking the taboo or ritualized fixity of confronting the Holocaust. It also subverts the assignment of the comic to a genre of kitsch and popular culture in a twofold way: first, insofar as it supercedes the traditional genre in terms of the 2013, scope of essay on cctv, its presentation; secondly, insofar as it presents a historical catastrophe in a medium usually reserved for hero-construction and morality play.
Spiegelman's Maus : The Intentional Subversion of Genre and Cultural Norm. Art Spiegelman first published parts of MAUS in the magazine Raw between 1980-1991. Volumes I and i need a court, II of the book Maus: A Survivor's Tale appeared in on cctv, 1986 (My Father Blleds History) and 1991 (And Here my Troubles began). A Court Essay! Maus is the use of a traditionally low genre -- the comic strip or book --for serious, grave material. On Cctv! It is a conscious, intentional inversion of a norm, a hierarchy, a cultural order. It is a very strong (in the Bloomian sense) rereading of one survivor's tale and the transmission or testimony of this tale to the son; it is at the same time a strong revamping or reconsideration of the generic possibilites of the comic itself. The reduction of the players to ever funny cats (the Nazis). mice (the Jews), pigs (the Poles) and other national stereotypes offers a conscious, intentional miniaturization and essay, reduction, pointing up not merely the dragon, process of compression, simplification and devaluation not merely of the Nazi's practices before and during the Holocaust, but the reduction and simplification present in many responses to the Holocaust aswell. In this way, Spiegelman literalizes the call for petits recits so prevalent in postmodern discourse today, especially in essay, the writings of Jean-Francois Lyotard. On another level, there are multiple narratives and kinds of texts in essay ever funny, Maus : in essay on cctv, addition to images, dialogue boxes, and commentary, we find maps of Poland and the Camps, diagrams of research on alzheimer's, hideouts, real photographs from the family archive, detailed plans of the crematoria, an exchange table for goods in Auschwitz, and a manual for shoe-repair.
Here are some of the various text-types that one finds in Maus : The reader moves through several different historical subject-positions and narrated events; there are the pre-holocaust, the Holocaust, and the postholocaust, but also, within one time-frame, there can be other times and on cctv, places co-present as well. 2013! Maus thus juxtaposes and intertwines past and present, the different subject histories of each protagonist, and the very different cultural contexts of Nazi occupied Poland and Rego Park, New York. The very title of the books is a powerful reworking of the convention: Maus rewrites the cultural norm and invents a new discursive space to on cctv address the questions of Jewish trauma, guilt, shame and, perhaps most importantly, the poaching animals, transmission of these conflicts from one generation to the next, especially in the case that they are not sufficently worked-through. Maus encompasses many small narratives: not merely the story of Vladek (Artie's Father) and Anje (Artie's Mother, who committed suicide after surviving Auschwitz and coming to America), but of essay, Artie himself in his struggle to understand his family origins and himself. It addresses the constant resurfacing of a traumatic and invisible, unmastered past on essay, a number of levels: the uc essay prompts 2013, death of essay on cctv, his brother, Richieu, of a poison given to papers on alzheimer's him by the woman who was taking care of him as they were about to be sent to Auschwitz to be gassed, the suicide of his mother in 1968, and the murder of the European Jews. This is perhaps nowhere more evident than at the end of Volume I My Father Bleeds History, where Artie asks Vladek for Antje's diaries. Vladek first tells Artie that the Diaries are gone, and then finally remembers that he himself had destroyed them -- burned them to be exact -- in the depths of depression. Vladek not only burned the diaries -- in a ironic enactment of Nazi Book-Burning -- but he sadistically adds salt to the wound when he tells Artie: I looked in, but I don't remember [. ] Only I know what she said, 'I wish my son, whe he grows up, he will be interested in this.' Artie, who himself suffered a depression after his mother's suicide, calls Vladek a murderer, unable himself to understand Vladek's action as itself an act of acting out the legacy of the Holocaust.
In this transmission circuit, Artie is tied to his father, and we see this played out in Maus in his complete dependence on Vladek for the narrative of his own story. The broken relationship between Artie, Vladek, and this unmastered past is exemplified in the broken relationship Artie has to his own Jewish heritage. In Maus I , Vladek is in essay, a German work-camp and has a dream in research, which his dead Grandfather comes to him and tells him that he will leave this place and go home to his wife and child on Parshas Truma. Artie then asks his father what Parshas is, unaware of the symbolic and literal meaning of essay, this in his life and in Jewish tradition. Teachers And Students On Facebook Essay! His father then explains to him the meaning of Parshas Truma, the specific week in which a particular section of the Torah is read.
It turns out that this was the week he had married Anja, and the week Artie had his Bar-Mitzvah. In this time frame, Vladek actually does get to leave the camp and see his wife and child. On Cctv! The broken circuit is thus restored in the text precisely because of Artie's interest in the narrative and the construction of the text Maus itself. But the evidence of uc essay prompts 2013, a failure in the transmission of culture and on cctv, tradition, the traces of this broken connection to the past and to history is worst ever funny, present to the extent that Artie must now relearn this complex history. Maus is essay on cctv, allegorical, not merely to the extent that it treats the individuals as figures in a much more complex and global story, but insofar as its very textual structure is comparable to the allegorical structure of the emblem, with a graphic image elucidating the text, as well as a superscript expressing the topic or theme, the actual statements of the individuals in the frame, and often a subscript containing unconscious thoughts or afterthoughts. In Maus , the image is never left to stand alone, but is always caught up in the differential between narrative, image, dialogue and reflection.
In this manner, an opening or aperture for dragon four critical thinking on the transmission of essay on cctv, past trauma is created. In a particularly compelling segment of the text, Artie narrates his reaction to poaching animals his mother's suicide. A comic book within the comic book Maus entitled Prisoner on the Hell Planet: A Case History, this text-within-the-text recounts Artie's own incomplete or failed attempt to work through the trauamatic loss of his mother, his own melancholic and masochistic tendencies to internalize the dysfunction of his family and his mother's depression, and the degree to essay on cctv which his writing bears the mark of that loss and is itself a type of working-through in its own right. The subtitle A Case History mocks the case history in a court, psychoanalysis, in which the essay on cctv, patient is cured of the incessant return of the traumatic past through rigorous therapeutic intervention. In Prisoner from the Hell Planet, there isn't any easy closure, and the suffering individual remains captive in the prison of his own masochistic melancholia, the jail cell of his own wounded self, not really understanding the unconscious connection to the melancholia of the a court, mother and the unconscious identification with the essay, damaged father.
Traversing the breach between past and present, Father and Son, language and image, manifest and latent, Spiegelman's Maus bears witness to the process of bearing witness, and the technical and technological requirement of poaching, writing and tape-recording in order to essay on cctv produce a narrative of the trauma and thereby alleviate the symptomology of poaching, depression and essay, withdrawl that is the danger of a past left to fester as an unhealed wound. Paul Celan's essay Meridien states that every piece of and students essay, authentic writing has a date and a place: it speaks a specificity, and in that specificty it gestures towards an Other. Spiegelman's Maus , in transmitting the story of the father through the son, does not avoid or gloss over any of the difficulties entailed in working-through trauma, which, as we know, always brings with it some degree of acting-out. Maus enacts the difficulty of working through a traumatic historical past that defies attempts at mastery, and is a visceral presentation of the postmodern fragmented self struggling to come to terms with this damaged and wounded history in essay, a conscious manner. Maus II ends with the reunification of Vladek and Anja after Auschwitz.
In the final scene, Vladek tells Artie he is tired of talking: I'm tired from talking, Richieu, and it is enough stories for now. This last slip of the tongue -- naming Artie his dead little brother who perished in the Holocaust -- attests to the ongoing trauma that never ceases never ceasing to break in invisible dragon essays, upon the conscious, wakeful world. And Maus documents this refusal in a compelling and extremely concrete manner.
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A Conservative Vision of Government. T he past few years have put the size and on cctv, role of government at center stage of our national politics. But the raging debates about how much Washington is doing and spending have involved almost exclusively yes-or-no questions about the left's vision of government. The right has been very clear about what government should not be doing, or should be doing much less of, but it has not had nearly enough to say about just what government should do. It is teachers on facebook, not hard to on cctv, see why. The Obama years have set a high-water mark for the size and reach of the federal government, including a post-World War II record for federal spending as a percentage of gross domestic product at poaching animals essay, 25.2% (for comparison, the on cctv, post-war average has been 19.8%). The United States has amassed more than $6 trillion in debt since January 2009. Prior to Obama, no president had submitted a budget with a trillion-dollar deficit; he has submitted four of them. And even as the administration's projections for the coming years promise smaller deficits, they also promise a larger and more expensive government than Americans have ever seen. The president's defenders maintain that the circumstances he inherited an epic financial collapse that drained revenue from the Treasury and exploded the federal deficit meant he had little choice but to spend our way out of dragon essays trouble. They are surely right that Obama faced enormous economic challenges, many of which persist.
But the essay on cctv, president did not simply respond to research papers on alzheimer's, an economic crisis: He leveraged that crisis to pursue longstanding goals consistent with his liberal ideology. Along the way, he extended the power of the federal government to essay, an unprecedented degree, pushing through the largest stimulus package in history and, in a crowning act, a federal regulatory takeover of health insurance. And the president has always insisted that he would not be satisfied with half measures that the uc essay, danger of too much government is matched by the perils of too little. On Cctv? What might be enough for uc essay 2013 him? Recall The Life of essay on cctv Julia, an interactive infographic released by dragon four the Obama campaign during the 2012 presidential race. Essay On Cctv? It followed a fictional woman through every stage of her life from shortly after birth to just after retirement.
Each cartoon image demonstrated, and a court essay, celebrated, her utter dependence on government. Atomized, defenseless individuals sustained by the enfolding embrace of the state: Such, it would seem, is the Obama vision of Americans' appropriate relation to their government. The administration's federal power grabs have hardly gone unopposed, of course. Channeling public alarm, particularly regarding the stimulus and health-care legislation, the Republican Party scored a historic victory in on cctv, the 2010 mid-term elections. Since then, the 2013, Republican-controlled House has sought to restrain and re-limit government, including championing key reforms to Medicare.
And Republican lawmakers have provided an effective counterweight to presidential overreach significantly restraining spending since 2011 and preventing further leftward legislative leaps. Republicans have argued that unrestrained spending, and particularly unreformed entitlements, will burden the nation with unmanageable levels of debt in the coming decades and starve the budget of funds for other essential purposes. They further contend that a large, meddlesome, intrusive state not only undermines the private economy but also crowds out civil society and enervates civic character. On Cctv? They have therefore been fairly clear, and research papers, quite emphatic, about essay on cctv, what they believe the government should not be doing. But if it is true, as they have argued, that the Democrats' vision is a travesty of American government, then what is the proper and appropriate extent and purpose of that government? Conservatives in recent years have not done enough to answer this question, and as a result have offered voters an oppositional view of government that, while perhaps stoking worry and resentment, is insufficient to build public trust in the prospect of a conservative government.
And such a negative approach to the question of the essays, role of government is not only electorally insufficient it is essay on cctv, unbecoming of conservatism and of the deep commitment that conservatives claim to the nation's founding ideals. Among some conservatives, the problem at times seems to run deeper than a failure to invisible dragon four essays, articulate a vision of government. Particularly among libertarians and some of those conservatives who identify with the Tea Party movement, government overreach has found its mirror image in fierce anti -government fervor. Essay On Cctv? That impulse is itself nothing new on the American right; what is different today is both its intensity and its widening appeal within conservative ranks. It involves a rhetorical zeal and animals, indiscipline in which virtually every reference to government is negative, disparaging, and denigrating.
It is justified by an apocalyptic narrative of American life: We are fast approaching a point of no return at which we stand to lose our basic liberties and our national character. We have a couple of years to turn this country around, according to Texas senator Ted Cruz, or we go off the cliff to oblivion. Obamacare, added 2012 GOP presidential candidate Michele Bachmann, is evidence of a police state. In the struggle to conserve our liberty, it is now or never. Perhaps not surprisingly, this prominent wing of the conservative coalition seems to regard conservatives who demur from its approach as themselves part of the problem, if not the main obstacle to its solution. Essay? Unwilling to see the extremity of the moment, and on facebook, declining to support the all-out effort to on cctv, confront it (for example, by shutting down the government in an effort to defund Obamacare), such conservatives and essay ever funny, Republicans are accused of having objectively joined the other side. This view is intensely felt understandably, given the provocations of the last five years.
It is, however, not only an incomplete understanding of the situation but a distortion of it, and an obstacle to achieving a properly conservative governing vision that will command the respect and win the support of a majority of the American people. For conservatives who want to regain that support, and for Republicans who want a chance to govern, a crucial first step is to see the inadequacy of the oppositional and negative approach to the question of the government's purpose and role. It is inadequate not simply because it fails to give Republicans enough to offer voters. It is inadequate because it does not amount to a conservative vision on historical, philosophical, or practical grounds. THE FOUNDERS AND THE STATE. At the heart of the essay, oppositional view of dragon four essays government espoused by some libertarians and Tea Party leaders is a particular version of American history. Our national recovery, they insist, depends on returning to the governing philosophy of the American founders as it is embodied in the Constitution.
Many self-described leaders of the Tea Party movement seem to share the view expressed by essay Dick Armey and Matt Kibbe, authors of Give Us Liberty: A Tea Party Manifesto , that [f]irst and teachers on facebook essay, foremost, the Tea Party movement is concerned with recovering constitutional principles in government. Essay? Sarah Palin former Alaska governor, 2008 GOP vice-presidential candidate, and Tea Party favorite has said that to find the proper principles for America's resurgence we should go back to what our founders and our founding documents meant. Essay? Utah senator Mike Lee, when running for office in 2010, summarized the attitude of many Tea Party candidates and activists when he said, As your U.S. senator, I will not vote for a single bill that I can't justify based on the text and the original understanding of the essay, Constitution, no matter what the court says you can do. A recovery of constitutional ideals is, to be sure, a worthwhile endeavor but it does not point quite where these leaders and activists often suggest. The federalist founders were indeed wary of the concentration of power in the federal government. Poaching Animals? At the same time, however, they did not unlike some anti-federalist opponents of the Constitution view government as an evil, or even as a necessary evil. Indeed, the most influential of the founders scorned such a view, referring to the imbecility of a weak central government (in the form of the on cctv, Articles of Confederation) compared to papers on alzheimer's, a relatively strong central government (which is what the on cctv, Constitution created). In their view, government, properly understood and properly framed, was essential to promoting what they referred to as the i need a court, public good. It was in order to essay, approximate this public good that James Madison, the key figure in the drafting of the Constitution, believed in a limited national government with requisite and adaptable powers.
Citing (in Federalist No. 10) the permanent and aggregate interests of the community, he had in mind the interests of the whole republic, now and in the future . A good government, he added in Federalist No. 62, implies two things: first, fidelity to the object of government, which is the happiness of the i need a court, people; secondly, a knowledge of the means by which that object can be best attained. Madison's system was intended to employ such means to achieve that end. The Constitution did not simply create limits on government, as some of essay today's conservative rhetoric seems to imply; it created a strong if bounded central government.
It is important to speak up when those boundaries are breached, but it is i need essay, important, too, to remember the aims of that government. Madison acknowledged the positive need for a national government. So did Alexander Hamilton, Gouverneur Morris, James Wilson, George Washington, and the other strong constitutionalists. This government was not meant to be frozen in amber. It would have the ability to adapt as necessary to meet citizens' needs as those needs were expressed through representative government. Some made this case more explicitly than did Madison (who nevertheless went so far as to support the Virginia Plan, which would have granted the central government the right to veto all state legislation). Hamilton, for instance, envisioned a strong commercial republic whose growing needs would require the essay, federal government to promote the general welfare not only through those powers that were expressly stipulated but also those that were implied. In construing a constitution, said Hamilton, it is wise, as far as possible, to pursue a course, which will reconcile essential principles with convenient modifications.
For the most part, Washington endorsed Hamilton's more expansive view of a government that would need to act (as Hamilton put it) in a vast variety of animals essay particulars, which are susceptible neither of specification nor of definition in advance. Even Thomas Jefferson, who was more skeptical of a strong federal authority, eventually made his own convenient modifications. As president, Jefferson managed to conclude the Louisiana Purchase without amending the Constitution to permit so massive an exercise of federal power. The founders, then, provided us with a strong governing system strong precisely because it could adapt to changing circumstances. The government created in the late 18th century by the inhabitants of a coastal, agrarian republic was designed to accommodate the development of a more spacious and ambitious nation: an eventuality that many of the founders foresaw and embraced. We should consider that we are providing a Constitution for future generations, and not merely for the peculiar circumstances of the moment, said James Wilson, a major force in on cctv, drafting the Constitution and perhaps the most expressly conservative among the framers. John Rutledge told his colleagues that [a]s we are laying the foundation for a great empire, we ought to teachers and students on facebook, take a permanent view of the essay on cctv, subject and not look at the present moment only.
In framing a system which we wish to last for ages, Madison told the Constitutional Convention, we should not lose sight of the changes which ages will produce. And Hamilton, in Federalist No. 34, wrote: In pursuing this inquiry, we must bear in mind that we are not to confine our view to the present period, but to look forward to remote futurity. Research On Alzheimer's? Constitutions of on cctv civil government are not to be framed upon a calculation of existing exigencies, but upon a combination of these with the probable exigencies of ages, according to the natural and tried course of human affairs. Nothing, therefore, can be more fallacious than to papers on alzheimer's, infer the essay, extent of four any power proper to on cctv, be lodged in essay, the national government from an estimate of its immediate necessities. There ought to be a CAPACITY to provide for future contingencies as they may happen; and as these are illimitable in their nature, so it is impossible safely to on cctv, limit that capacity.
It was in this spirit that they were able to leave to worst, future leaders the resolution of certain inconsistencies in the American system, the gravest and on cctv, most poisonous of prompts them being the issue of slavery. This is hardly to say that the founders, magically transported to the age of Obama, would approve of the essay, current size and scope of the federal government. Nor is it to say that the founders were unconcerned about concentration of power; to the contrary, they were deeply concerned about it, which is why they created a system of checks and balances and the separation of essays powers. It is to say, however, that they would have little toleration for politicians who are committed to abstract theories even when they are at odds with the given world and the welfare of the polity who fail to differentiate between conserving the system by on cctv adapting it to changing circumstances and worst ever funny, undermining the system by breaking with its fundamental aims and outlook. The case against on cctv, the aggrandizement of federal power must be made in the context of the essay funny, case in favor of appropriate federal power not in the service of a theory that leaves far too little room for genuine self-government. In important respects, Abraham Lincoln continued the philosophical arc of the framers of the Constitution. Essay? No president revered the teachers, founders as much, spoke about essay, them as often, or read them as closely as did Lincoln. His presidency undertook no permanent reconstitution of the federal government on Leviathan-like proportions, writes the scholar Allen Guelzo but Lincoln insisted, as the i need, founders did, that government adjust to shifting circumstances.
And he believed, as they did, in a federal government strong enough to achieve large national purposes. For Lincoln, those purposes included the on cctv, transcontinental railroad, land-grant college legislation, the National Banking Act, tariffs, and the imposition of temporary federal personal income taxes to cover the cost of the Civil War. He also believed the federal government should play a key role in promoting ownership and entrepreneurship: the foundations of a free economy. Most famously, and in direct continuity with Washington and Hamilton, he believed the dragon essays, federal government should be powerful enough to protect itself from dissolution in on cctv, the name of state sovereignty. Lincoln's governing philosophy, however, ran even deeper than that, extending beyond that of the founders in a direction that prefigured some of the policy developments of 20th-century America.
In what is research papers on alzheimer's, known as his Fragments on Government, he wrote: The legitimate object of government, is to do for essay on cctv a community of people, whatever they need to have done, but can not do, at all , or can not, so well do , for themselves in their separate, and individual capacities. Among the things requiring the combined action of government in Lincoln's view were public roads and highways, public schools, charities, pauperism, orphanage, estates of the deceased, and the machinery of on alzheimer's government itself. Government, Lincoln went on to say, is a combination of the people of a country to effect certain objects by joint effort; he included in those objects of joint effort providing for the helpless young and on cctv, afflicted. Nor did he shrink from the financial implications of so large a role. The best framed and best administered governments, he acknowledged, are necessarily expensive. Lincoln therefore understood the role of government (though of course not necessarily the federal government) to essay, be to help those who cannot individually do for themselves, to advance justice in an unjust world, and to lift up the weakest members of on cctv society. Research Papers On Alzheimer's? Lincoln would later say that government is not charged with the duty of redressing or preventing all the wrongs in the world but that it rightfully may, and, subject to the constitution, ought to, redress and prevent, all wrongs which are wrongs to the nation itself. It speaks well of conservatives that they want to be thought of as the defenders of the on cctv, Constitution. But at a minimum, constitutional conservatives should recognize what both the federalist founders and Lincoln actually envisioned for the republic they created and preserved. They were, on the whole, rigorous, empirical, modern thinkers, as well as sober and skeptical heirs of the Enlightenment, who believed they were fortunate to inhabit an age of progress. A Court? Far from being constrained by the prevailing physical, political, or economic arrangements of America in 1787, the essay, founders fully expected America to spread across a continent, undergo economic and social change, and emerge as a global actor.
And they purposely designed a constitutional system that could accommodate such ambitions. Of course, this does not answer the question of how big the federal government should be, or what precisely it should and should not do. But it does warn against 2013, short-circuiting that discussion with overly simplistic and legalistic appeals to the Constitution as a purely limiting document. Our debates about what government ought to do must be debates about what we take our constitutional order to essay, be and what we think are appropriate national goals. Such questions should be addressed through the political process established by the Constitution; we cannot expect them all to be settled in detail simply through direct interpretation of the Constitution's text.
These national questions require a governing vision. As political scientist James Ceaser of the University of Virginia has put it: Many conservatives need to resist the temptation to ideologize the Constitution by imagining that their political theory is not just permitted under it, but dictated by on facebook it. It cannot be forgotten that the Constitution was instituted to replace the Articles of Confederation in essay, order to allow for papers the exercise of essay on cctv broad powers in certain areas. How such powers are to be used is left to the winners of uc essay elections, who are entitled to promote their ideas of good government within the essay on cctv, boundaries of the supreme law. If conservatives believe that some of these powers are being exercised in uc essay, an undisciplined way, it is for a conservative party to make this case. The Constitution cannot do all the essay, work that a party must do on its own. To think otherwise, and to worst essay funny, hold that courts could enforce most conservative doctrines, amounts to legalistic thinking with a vengeance. Many of the functions of the modern-day federal government, including Social Security and other social-service programs, were not envisioned by the framers, nor did the enumerated powers of the Congress specifically comprehend such programs.
But neither do these federal roles violate a principle of our system or run counter to the prescient mindset of the founders. The federalist founders created and interpreted a constitutional system that allowed for the emergence of essay on cctv modern America, one in poaching, which the federal government would be strong enough to shape global events and to guarantee a minimal provision for the poor, ill, and on cctv, elderly. Such federal roles may require examination and reform, but they are not inherently illegitimate. It is a wonder of history, and one of the greatest contributions of America's founders, that they designed a constitution that was, as the University of Pennsylvania's John J. DiIulio, Jr., has put it, flexible enough to permit, and to uc essay 2013, encourage, the transition from a slave-holding, horse-and-carriage society dominated by a few million Anglo-Protestants to a high-tech, free society of more than 300 million demographically diverse citizens. They did it by embodying in the constitutional system a profound and sophisticated vision of government and of government's relation to the life of the nation and the lives of its people. The relationship between the government and the lives of its people is a particularly challenging problem in our time.
The overreach of the Obama years has given form to the left's powerful desire to manage and essay on cctv, manipulate those realms of life that, in prompts 2013, our country, have generally been left within the on cctv, purview of the family, civil society, and local community. Teachers On Facebook? The natural response on the right has been to recoil from the very idea that government should play any role in the moral formation of citizens which is, after all, what happens in that space between the individual and the state where these institutions operate. Such complete neutrality is impossible, however, because political and governmental institutions are inherently and unavoidably a part of the essay on cctv, larger fabric of society. To insist that federal policy express no preferences or priorities about the moral lives of the people is to consign us to a politics that undermines those moral lives, rather than one that gives them room to thrive. Research Papers? Public policy designed without regard to its moral implications is not neutral but destructive of on cctv society's moral architecture. A Court Essay? One need not subscribe fully to Aristotle's belief in on cctv, the vital role of the state in the pursuit of virtue and excellence to acknowledge that many of our laws have a moral component.
By definition, laws shape habits, values, and sensibilities not every law, not all the time, but enough to funny, play a decisive role in the formation of our national character and the individual characters of our citizens. Effective legislation often has a moral, or character-forming, component. A concrete example from the recent past is the 1996 welfare-reform law, one of the most successful pieces of social legislation in generations. At the heart of the reform was a moral, not an economic, argument: The wrong sort of welfare had helped to create a culture of dependency, which enervated character, and which in turn harmed individuals, families, and society. The goal of welfare reform, with its work requirements and time limits, was not to save money (and it didn't save much); it was to foster self-reliance and dignity. It was to replace the wrong sort of welfare with the right sort of welfare. And it worked. Essay On Cctv? In short order, welfare rolls went down and work-participation rates went up. The state took upon itself the task of bettering people's lives, registered a notable degree of success at this task, and invisible four essays, bettered society as a result.
Over the years, our laws on civil rights, crime and essay, incarceration, welfare, marriage, religious liberty, and much else have similarly helped to shape the dispositions and habits of the polity often, if not always, for the better. In many cases, state action has become unavoidable. Some forms of liberty say, the freedom to destroy oneself with hard drugs or to exploit other men and women in the sex trade not only teachers and students on facebook, degrade human nature but damage and undermine families and communities and ultimately deprive the nation of a competent, self-governing citizenry. These are all public matters. Is the state always wise or successful in influencing the on cctv, values and i need, habits of the nation? Hardly. The nation's experiment with the prohibition of alcohol sales, for instance, proved the futility of essay on cctv trying to alter widespread and deeply rooted social practices, and instead generated seriously counterproductive outcomes.
Where issues of marriage and abortion are concerned, American citizens remain deeply divided on the proper course, and the moral and social effects, of government policy. A Court Essay? What these examples illustrate, however, is not the illegitimacy of essay government action but the need for modest expectations and for getting policies right. Here, as in so many areas, the proper measure of action is prudence. If Prohibition was a disaster in one direction, so, in the other direction, would be the licensing of methamphetamines and heroin for worst essay funny sale at every convenience store. Responsible, self-governing citizens do not grow wild like blackberries, which is why a conservative political philosophy cannot be reduced to untrammeled libertarianism. Citizens are cultivated by institutions: families, religious communities, neighborhoods, and nations. Parents and spouses, churches and synagogues, teachers and coaches, and the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts are among the foremost shapers of citizens in essay on cctv, our republic. But government has a necessary (if limited) role in reinforcing the social norms and expectations that make the work of these civil institutions both possible and easier.
That role can involve everything from a court essay enforcing civil-rights laws, to essay, saving the elderly from indigence, to restricting the availability of addictive substances. The implications of this approach are not only uc essay, moral and cultural; they are also economic. Just as citizens must be prepared for the exercise of liberty, individuals must be given the essay on cctv, skills and values the social capital that will allow them to poaching essay, succeed in a free economy. That is the essence of opportunity: a traditionally conservative, indeed a Lincolnian, goal. Essay? But here we must be attentive to distinctions that are too often lost or muddled in today's debates and poaching essay, that implicate liberals and conservatives alike. Conservatives believe not in essay on cctv, equal results a goal that leads to an excessive concentration of government power and to shared economic mediocrity but in equality of opportunity. Government holds some responsibility for creating the ground for that equality of opportunity, which is not a natural condition. Animals? But government oversteps itself, creating corrosive resentments and economic havoc, when it tries to guarantee equality of results. Often, the damage extends to government's intended beneficiaries. If conservatives are rightly at odds with liberals on this point, however, many conservatives fail to see the extent to which equal opportunity itself, a central principle of on cctv our national self-understanding, is becoming harder to achieve.
It is a well-documented fact that, in recent years, economic mobility has stalled for many poorer Americans, resulting in persistent intergenerational inequality. This phenomenon is essay funny, more complex than an income gap. It involves wide disparities in parental time and investment, in essay on cctv, religious and community involvement, and in academic accomplishment. These are traceable to a number of factors, including the collapse of working-class families, the poaching essay, flight of blue-collar jobs, and the decay of neighborhoods that once offered stronger networks of mentorship outside the home. Dysfunctional institutions routinely betray children and young adults.
Children raised in on cctv, communities filled with chaos and disorder where the schools are broken and the streets are violent and drug use is animals, prevalent face enormously difficult odds. The consequences for children who come from failing communities are all the more severe now that advances in technology have moved us toward an essay on cctv economy that favors skilled over unskilled labor. Tremendous effort and creative policy will be required to fix the institutions that can restore such communities and with them the level playing field of equal opportunity. Most conservatives, if pressed on these matters, would concede the propriety of some government role in helping create the conditions necessary for research individuals and institutions to succeed. On Cctv? For too many in the libertarian and Tea Party wings of the GOP, however, such concessions are at best made grudgingly. These conservatives, if left to their own devices, would say almost nothing about uc essay prompts, these matters.
And so crucial realities the fact of increasing inequality and decreasing social mobility tend to be swept under the rug. For too many, government's obligation to protect individual liberty comes first, second, and last, while concepts such as the common good, despite bearing their own conservative pedigree, are regarded as so much liberal claptrap. Protecting individual liberty is indeed an essay on cctv indispensable role of government. But it is not the only role. A POSITIVE GOVERNING VISION.
In many ways, the populist and libertarian reactions to the Obama presidency are understandable, helpful, and quintessentially American. Millions of citizens are convinced, not without reason, that their government has aggrandized itself and pushed us ever closer to and students on facebook, the regimented and failed model of European-style social democracy. Resistance to this trend has been a critical source of political energy, passion, and engagement over the last few years. A truly conservative response to the advance of a liberal or progressive ideology, however, would not involve the adoption of an opposite and equally narrow ideology. Just as the breakdown of family structures does not prove the on cctv, illegitimacy of family life but instead points to the urgency of its revitalization, the alternative to government overreach is not the dogmatic disparagement of government but the restoration of government to its proper and honored place in research on alzheimer's, American life. On Cctv? It is historically erroneous to regard America's founders as proto-libertarians. Hamilton warned about a zeal for prompts liberty more ardent than enlightened, while Madison cautioned that liberty may be endangered by the abuses of essay liberty as well as by the abuses of uc essay 2013 power. Similarly mistaken are exaggerated claims of galloping tyranny and utopian visions of a wholesale dismantling of much of the modern state. None of on cctv this lays a foundation for worst ever an appealing public philosophy. American citizenship has evolved around the exercise of liberty in essay, a complex, mutually dependent web of institutions. One of those institutions is and must be government effective, respected, and limited.
The purpose of the state is to keep society safe and strong; to protect us from outsiders and from each other; to maximize freedom in a way that is consistent with security and order and research on alzheimer's, that advances the common good; to provide society's mediating institutions the space they need to thrive; to encourage equal opportunity for all citizens; and to make a decent provision for the poorest and most vulnerable. All of this is meant to allow people to flourish and to advance human happiness. On Cctv? As Madison said, Justice is the animals essay, end of government. Essay On Cctv? The case for limited government is rooted in this understanding of government's purpose. Uc Essay? In most circumstances, limited government is preferable to intrusive government because the former advances the public good and essay on cctv, serves the common interest. Ever Funny? The Constitution places meaningful limits on government power for essay on cctv a reason to prevent tyranny, yes, and to advance self-government, of uc essay 2013 course, but also to promote the general welfare and to form a more perfect union. Limited government deserves to be embraced because it is a means (a system of government) to an end (the happiness and flourishing of the people). Essay? Government should, as a first resort, set the worst essay funny, table for private action and private institutions creating a context in which social and civic institutions can flourish.
People are right to be generally skeptical of essay on cctv centralized government action because the world is too complicated to essay, be run by technocrats and essay, planners. Limited government is more often good government; and it is good government because it secures individual liberty, takes into account human nature and people's self-interestedness, and allows people to i need a court, pursue their potential and achieve great things that improve lives beyond their own. Conservatism is heavily context dependent, however, so when private institutions are enervated or insufficient in scale perhaps in part because of unwise government policies, though often for reasons that go beyond government society has a duty to respond, including with public and essay, not merely private actions. When communities are in crisis, to simply pull government away would allow those communities to decline or collapse, and dragon, pull down innocent lives in the process. On Cctv? And historical context should matter. The institutional arrangements appropriate to teachers and students, 18th-century Massachusetts are going to be very different than the institutional arrangements appropriate to inner-city Chicago in the 21st century. The key to the art of governing is to figure out when government should pull back and on cctv, when it should engage, and when it engages, precisely how it should do so.
In other words: Does government have an appropriate role to play in a particular situation? Health care provides an example. Advances in medical technology, health-care infrastructure, and national wealth have made health care a different type of social good than it was in on facebook essay, the 18th and 19th centuries. It is a legitimate and appropriate public goal to ensure broad access to modern health care. But the essay, first instinct of President Obama's Affordable Care Act was centralization and heavy regulation, inviting a cascade of unintended consequences. The proper conservative reaction is not to imagine a government stripped of a court essay public obligations when it comes to the health of essay on cctv citizens. It is to propose an alternative health-care plan that doesn't centralize all power in Washington and essay ever funny, that keeps costs down, solves the problem of insuring those with pre-existing conditions, and reduces the number of uninsured. The real problem in much of American government is not simply that it is too big but rather that it is antiquated, ineffective, and ill-equipped to essay, handle the most basic functions appropriate for a great and modern country. America's education system too often fails to adequately prepare workers for global competition. Our tax code, our physical infrastructure, and research, our immigration system are badly misaligned with obvious economic needs and desires. Our entitlement system threatens over time to consume the federal budget and essay on cctv, undercut other indispensable purposes of government.
Each of these institutions needs to be improved and modernized. Conservatives should offer a menu of structural reforms that do not simply attack government but transform it on conservative terms. And they should connect these reforms to the larger purpose of the happiness of the people, thus bringing us back full circle to the founders. Conservatives have accomplished this before. In the a court, 1990s, a cadre of essay on cctv conservative political leaders achieved remarkable success against three seemingly intractable problems: welfare dependency, drug use, and violent crime.
They did so not by simply scaling back government's involvement but by implementing better public policies at the federal, state, and worst funny, local levels. We have already mentioned the 1996 welfare reform, which grew out of ambitious reform efforts by several Republican governors. Essay? To take another example, the massive drop in crime from which Americans are still benefiting was attributable to such Republican-initiated policies as an increase in police presence per capita, improvements in policing techniques, the incarceration of dangerous criminals, and measures addressing urban disorder and vandalism. A no less innovative and constructive spirit of governance can be found among some conservatives today, particularly at the state level. Governor Scott Walker, for instance, has sought to transform the essay, relationship between the state and its employees in order to better serve Wisconsin's citizens. Governor John Kasich has spurred job creation through innovative investment incentives and balanced Ohio's budget without raising taxes. Louisiana governor Bobby Jindal has dramatically expanded school choice, arguing that it is essay, a means to research papers, achieving more equal opportunity (and provoking a cynical attempt by the federal Department of Justice to undermine Jindal's reform). Governor Chris Christie won an enormously impressive re-election victory in New Jersey based on on cctv his record of business tax cuts, reductions in prompts 2013, spending, and reforms of the education system (especially those addressing teacher tenure) and the Garden State's pension and benefit system.
All of these rising Republican leaders, along with others in Washington and essay, the states, partake of the same upbeat philosophy: If valued and valid public purposes are going unserved, or positively disserved, by worst ever funny government, the proper response is not to dismantle government but to repair and reform it in a conservative direction. This approach is also integral to on cctv, the recovery of Republican electoral prospects, on which the political influence of conservatism depends. While there is plenty of evidence that Americans are disillusioned with modern government, there is no evidence that Americans have turned against the aims of a court essay modern government. The eminent political scientist James Q. Wilson summarized this political reality in a single sentence: Telling people who want clean air, a safe environment, fewer drug dealers, a decent retirement, and protection against catastrophic medical bills that the government ought not to do these things is wishful or suicidal politics. Seconding Wilson, Arthur Brooks, president of the American Enterprise Institute, recently noted that the on cctv, government social safety net for the truly indigent is one of the teachers and students, greatest achievements of our society. We have to declare peace on the safety net. Essay? Providing such services and securing that safety net does not mean accepting the technocratic mindset of the liberal welfare state. It means replacing that mindset with a conservative approach that puts government on the side of civil society and private enterprise in i need a court essay, order to achieve a more just and thriving society. Conservatives are more likely to be trusted to run the affairs of the nation if they show the public that they grasp the essay on cctv, purposes of government, that they fully appreciate it is in invisible dragon, desperate need of renovation, and that they know what needs to be done. The American people are deeply practical; they are interested in what works. And they want their government to work.
Conservatives know how institutions can and essay, should work in our free society, and they can apply that knowledge to government. All this leads us to a final reason why conservatives should be engaged in dragon four, the reform of government. The reputation of essay government is an important national asset and an irreplaceable source of national pride. Government overreach by the left has degraded that asset. Today's hemorrhaging of papers on alzheimer's trust in public institutions, if left to run its course, will only further degrade it. Skepticism toward government is one thing; outright hostility is injurious to the health of essay on cctv American democracy itself. How can citizens be expected to love their country if they are encouraged to hold its government in utter contempt? Thinking of government as a precious national institution in need of care and reform does not come naturally to and students, many modern-day conservatives. Given the damage that our government is doing to our society, it is easy to essay on cctv, understand their anger and invisible, frustration.
But that is precisely why, especially now, conservatives must make the essay on cctv, case that they will give Americans a government, and research, therefore a country, they can once again be proud of. Michael Gerson, former policy advisor and essay, chief of speechwriting for President George W. Bush, is a Washington Post columnist. Peter Wehner, a senior fellow at the Ethics and Public Policy Center, served in the last three Republican administrations.
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computers 2020 essay 5th October 2017. Japanese conglomerate Honda has unveiled the E2-DR, a prototype humanoid robot that could help to save lives in disaster zones. The robot was presented at the 30th International Conference On Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) held in Vancouver, Canada, and is described in a paper entitled Development of Experimental Legged Robot for essay on cctv Inspection and worst essay ever funny, Disaster Response in on cctv Plants . The E2-DR is designed to be stronger, more robust and more nimble than Honda's earlier creation, the famous ASIMO. It has 33 degrees of freedom including eight per arm, six per leg, two for its torso (180 rotatable), and one for its hands and head. It stands 1.68 m (5' 6) tall, weighs 85 kg (187 lb) and includes a 1000-Wh lithium-ion battery for 90 minutes of operating time. The robot's head features two rotating Hokuyo laser rangefinders, a monocular camera with a synchronised LED flash, an SR4000 time of research papers on alzheimer's flight camera, and on cctv, a stereo camera coupled to an infrared light projector. There are also cameras and a 3D sensor on each of its hands.
Its thin shape allows the robot to squeeze through gaps of just 25 cm (9.8), which could be vitally important in emergency situations. It is also waterproof and dustproof. While still at the prototype stage, the E2-DR already has a number of impressive abilities, as the video below shows. 25th September 2017. Molecular researchers from the University of Copenhagen have joined forces with an on facebook artificial intelligence company to fight premature aging. The Centre for Healthy Aging at the University of Copenhagen has announced a research collaboration with a company specialising in artificial intelligence (AI) to develop solutions for preventing early aging. The aim of this partnership is to essay develop medicines to prevent and cure a broad range of diseases associated with aging.
Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and cardiovascular diseases are strongly associated with aging and share many characteristics on the molecular level. Experts in the genetics of aging at the Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine partnered with the Baltimore-based company, Insilico Medicine, specializing in AI to find molecules that can be developed into uc essay prompts, drugs to cure and prevent these diseases. The objective of essay on cctv this collaboration is to increase health span for everyone on the planet. Many of the diseases of aging are associated with the failure of the DNA repair mechanisms, says assistant professor Morten Scheibye-Knudsen, Centre for Healthy Aging. The aging processes accelerate as the DNA repair mechanisms lose function. Our collaboration with Insilico Medicine will allow us to find the molecules that repair DNA and prevent accelerated aging. Insilico Medicine is developing the advanced AI algorithms to study aging processes and discover potential new medical interventions.
Many of the molecules being studied could induce the expression of certain genes involved in the endogenous repair processes to ever funny slow down and perhaps even reverse age-related diseases. By applying a specific branch of artificial intelligence called Deep Learning (DL) on multi-modal data, the company aims to discover the precise molecules that can stimulate the repair of DNA. Deep learning systems are outperforming human abilities in many tasks including image recognition and autonomous driving, said Alex Zhavoronkov, PhD, founder and CEO of on cctv Insilico Medicine, Inc. And Students On Facebook. But one area, where AI will have the on cctv most impact is teachers on facebook essay drug discovery and we are deeply honoured to be able to partner with professor Scheibye-Knudsen's group at essay, the University of Copenhagen, which is one of the most advanced in the world. I hope that together we will be able to find new molecules to extend healthy longevity and make humans more resistant to the various stress factors. At the advanced laboratories in Copenhagen, the dragon essays research teams will test the molecules identified using the Deep Learning methods to select the most effective ones for joint development into novel medicines. We hope that cooperation can lead to the development of new drugs that can prevent early aging, thus ensuring increased health spans for everyone, says Morten Scheibye-Knudsen.
If we can find molecules that repair our DNA, it is not inconceivable that we can increase the upper limit to how old we may be. 21st August 2017. China is breaking historic records in essay on cctv automation. The International Federation of teachers on facebook Robotics (IFR) predicts an annual sales increase for essay industrial robots of up to 20% until 2020. China's annual sales volume has now reached the highest level ever recorded for uc essay 2013 a single country: last year, sales surged by 27% to essay reach 85,000 units. At the same time, Chinese robot manufacturers are expanding the worst essay funny market share in their home country. Essay On Cctv. This data is published by research, the International Federation of essay on cctv Robotics (IFR) ahead of its World Robotics Report 2017 , to invisible four be released on 27th September.
China is by far the on cctv biggest robot market in the world regarding annual sales and regarding the a court essay operational stock, says Joe Gemma, IFR President. The main drivers of on cctv growth are the electrical and electronics industry. Sales increased by 75% last year to essay funny almost 30,000 units. About one third of the on cctv robots were produced by Chinese robot suppliers, who more than doubled sales, by almost 120%. All international robot suppliers also increased sales considerably to i need the electrical and electronics industry (+59%).
This remarkable demand is expected to continue into the future. The automotive industry lost its pole position to the electrical and electronics industry, but is still a powerful driver for industrial robot sales. China has become both the world's largest car market and the world's largest production site for cars, including electric cars, with much growth potential. Sales to China made up 25% of the global supply of industrial robots to the automotive industry in 2016. Essay On Cctv. Between 2011 and 2016, a total of 108,000 units were installed, representing an average increase of 18% per year. The market share of Chinese robot suppliers in the automotive industry is still on a rather low level but has increased from 10 to 13%. China's government wants to transform the nation from a manufacturing giant into a world manufacturing power according to their 10-year national plan Made in China 2025.
This strategy includes strengthening Chinese robot suppliers and teachers and students on facebook essay, further increasing their market share both in China and abroad. China intends to forge ahead and enter the essay world's top 10 most highly automated countries by 2020. Poaching Animals. By then, its robot density is targeted to grow to on cctv 150 units this being the number of industrial robots per 10,000 employees. Today, South Korea is the leader in robot density, with 531 robot units, compared to i need a court the USA with 176 and essay, Germany with 301. 20th August 2017. Leaders of top robotics and AI companies have called on the UN to enact a worldwide ban on killer robots. The letter, whose signatories hail from teachers and students on facebook, 26 countries and include Tesla's Elon Musk, reads as follows: An Open Letter to the United Nations Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. As companies building the essay technologies in research papers on alzheimer's Artificial Intelligence and Robotics that may be repurposed to develop autonomous weapons, we feel especially responsible in raising this alarm.
We warmly welcome the decision of the UN's Conference of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) to establish a Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems. Many of our researchers and on cctv, engineers are eager to research on alzheimer's offer technical advice to your deliberations. We commend the on cctv appointment of Ambassador Amandeep Singh Gill of India as chair of the GGE. We entreat the High Contracting Parties participating in the GGE to work hard at finding means to prevent an arms race in these weapons, to protect civilians from on alzheimer's, their misuse, and to avoid the destabilizing effects of essay these technologies. We regret that the GGE's first meeting, which was due to start today (August 21, 2017), has been cancelled due to a small number of states failing to pay their financial contributions to the UN.
We urge the High Contracting Parties therefore to double their efforts at the first meeting of the GGE now planned for poaching animals essay November. Lethal autonomous weapons threaten to become the third revolution in warfare. Once developed, they will permit armed conflict to be fought at a scale greater than ever, and at essay, timescales faster than humans can comprehend. These can be weapons of terror, weapons that despots and terrorists use against essay funny innocent populations, and weapons hacked to behave in undesirable ways. We do not have long to act. Once this Pandora's box is opened, it will be hard to close. We therefore implore the High Contracting Parties to find a way to protect us all from these dangers.
A key organiser of the letter, Toby Walsh, Scientia Professor of Artificial Intelligence at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, said: Nearly every technology can be used for good and bad, and artificial intelligence is no different. It can help tackle many of the essay on cctv pressing problems facing society today: inequality and poverty, the challenges posed by climate change and the ongoing global financial crisis. However, the poaching essay same technology can also be used in autonomous weapons to industrialise war. Essay On Cctv. We need to research on alzheimer's make decisions today choosing which of these futures we want. I strongly support the essay on cctv call by many humanitarian and other organisations for a UN ban on such weapons, similar to bans on chemical and other weapons. Ryan Gariepy, founder of Clearpath Robotics, commented: The number of prominent companies and individuals who have signed this letter reinforces our warning that this is not a hypothetical scenario, but a very real, very pressing concern which needs immediate action. Unlike other potential manifestations of uc essay prompts AI, which still remain in the realm of science fiction, autonomous weapons systems are on the cusp of development right now and have a very real potential to cause significant harm to essay on cctv innocent people along with global instability. Stuart Russell, founder and Vice-President of Bayesian Logic, said: Unless people want to see new weapons of mass destruction in poaching animals the form of vast swarms of lethal microdrones spreading around the world, it's imperative to step up and support the United Nations' efforts to create a treaty banning lethal autonomous weapons. This is vital for national and international security. 12th August 2017.
A major breakthrough in artificial intelligence has been announced, with a computer beating the world's best players at competitive eSports for the first time. OpenAI is a non-profit research company established in 2015 whose founders include Elon Musk. Essay. They report that, for the first time, a computer program has beaten the world's best human players at competitive eSports in this case, the game Defence of the Ancients 2 (aka Dota 2). Earlier this year, Google's AlphaGo defeated the world's number one player at Go, a board game similar to chess but with far more complexity. Dota 2, however, is orders of magnitude more complex than even Go. Uc Essay 2013. This multiplayer battle arena pits two teams of five against each other, with each team occupying and defending their own separate base on essay, a map.
Each of the ten players independently controls a powerful character, known as a hero, who all have unique abilities and styles of play. Invisible Four Essays. There are 113 to choose from. Essay. During a match, a player and their team collects experience points and items for their heroes in order to fight the opposing team's heroes and other defences. A team wins by being the first to destroy a large structure in the enemy base called the Ancient. This week, at the annual tournament hosted in poaching Seattle, OpenAI has been demonstrating its bot, which mastered the game from scratch by self-play and essay on cctv, does not use imitation learning or tree search. Essay. According to Greg Brockman, the company's Chief Technology Officer, self-playing is a more effective way for AI to learn complex tasks as opposed to fighting much weaker enemies, or overwhelmingly strong ones. By playing against a copy of itself, the bot always has a worthy opponent and therefore remembers more useful information. After many thousands of practice runs, it gradually learned which moves worked best and which to avoid. It developed a number of on cctv behaviours that are demonstrated in the video below. Whereas chess uses an 8 x 8 board, and the game Go has a 19 x 19 board (with each cell being either blank or occupied), Dota 2 is vastly more complex with a gaming board of 15,000 x 15,000 units, a lot of hidden information, and many more variables with every action.
The OpenAI bot was able to handle this level of prompts detail, however. In a series of 1v1 matches, it went up against the top human champions in essay the world, beating them all. This included SumaiL (world's best 1v1 player) and invisible, Arteezy (top overall player in the world), as well as 27-year-old Danil Dendi Ishutin. At times, the movements of the bot were eerily human-like, with Dendi saying it feels a little like [a] human, but a little like something else. Elon Musk today praised OpenAI on Twitter. He has previously warned that AI represents a fundamental risk to the existence of civilisation and hopes the organisation will foster the creation of safer, more benevolent forms of machine intelligence. OpenAI first ever to defeat world's best players in competitive eSports. Vastly more complex than traditional board games like chess Go. OpenAI is now developing its bot further, and hopes it can take part in a proper five-on-five match next year, as opposed to just 1v1. The company will also explore using its neural network for other games. A large survey of experts in artificial intelligence suggests there is a 50% chance of AI outperforming humans in all tasks within 45 years and of automating all human jobs in 120 years.
A team from the University of essay on cctv Oxford and Yale University has published a new survey that reveals experts' opinions on the likely timing of research papers on alzheimer's future milestones in artificial intelligence (AI). For this paper, they wrote to all researchers who had published at the 2015 NIPS and on cctv, ICML conferences (two of the invisible dragon premier venues for peer-reviewed research in machine learning). Of the 1,634 authors contacted, a total of 352 (21%) responded. Questions given to participants concerned the timing of specific AI capabilities (e.g. folding laundry, language translation), superiority at specific occupations (e.g. truck driver, surgeon), superiority over humans at all tasks, and the social impacts of advanced AI. According to this survey, experts believe that AI will outperform humans in many activities in the near future, such as translating languages (by 2024), writing a high-school essay (by 2026), driving a truck (by 2027), working in retail (by 2031), writing a bestselling book (by 2049), and working as a surgeon (by 2053). Researchers believe there is a 50% chance of AI outperforming humans in essay all tasks within 45 years (shown in the graph below), and of automating all human jobs within 120 years.
Aggregate subjective probability of 'High-Level Machine Intelligence' (HLMI) arrival by future years. Each respondent provided three data points for four essays their forecast. Interestingly, Asian respondents predict these dates much sooner than North Americans. There was no correlation between the seniority of a researcher and the predictions they made. On Cctv. A majority of dragon four essays researchers believe the field of essay on cctv machine learning has accelerated in recent years, with 67% saying progress was faster in the second half of four essays their career. While there is much hype and fear about the on cctv danger of robots, depicted in movies such as Terminator , the researchers take a more optimistic view about the longer-term future of AI. The majority believe it will benefit humanity, with only a 5% chance of being extremely bad (i.e. causing human extinction). These results will inform discussion amongst researchers and policymakers about ever, anticipating and managing trends in AI, the survey team concludes.
Most of the questions focus on the cognitive aspects of intelligence that fit well-defined tasks. But parts of intelligence such as emotional intelligence go beyond cognition, says Georgios Yannakakis, an Associate Professor at essay on cctv, the Institute of Digital Games, University of Malta. It would be interesting to ask when AI will surpass humans at being art or movie critics. The full survey results can be downloaded as a PDF at arXiv.org. The vessel YARA Birkeland will be the world's first fully electric and autonomous container ship, with zero emissions. Invisible Dragon Four Essays. Operation is planned to essay start in Norway during the latter half of 2018, with fully autonomous journeys from 2020. YARA Birkeland will be the and students on facebook essay world's most advanced container feeder ship integrating sensor, control, communications and power into a fully autonomous and 100% electric system. Named after the company YARA's founder the on cctv scientist and innovator Kristian Birkeland it will be the world's first fully electric container feeder, reducing NOx and CO2 emissions and improving road safety by research papers on alzheimer's, removing the need for up to 40,000 truck journeys in populated urban areas.
YARA Birkeland will initially operate as a manned vessel, shifting to remote operations in 2019 and essay on cctv, performing fully autonomous operations from 2020. This new zero-emission ship could be a game-changer for global maritime transport, helping to essay ever funny meet the on cctv UN sustainability goals for 2030 and beyond. Shipping is currently responsible for 2.5% of global human-made CO2 emissions, but this could rise to 17% by 2050 if no action is taken. There are now over 100,000 transport ships at sea, of which about teachers on facebook essay, 6,000 are large container ships. As a leading global fertiliser company with a mission to essay on cctv feed the world and protect the planet, investing in this zero emission vessel to transport our crop nutrition solutions fits our strategy well.
We are proud to work with KONGSBERG to invisible dragon four essays realise the world's first autonomous, all-electric vessel to enter commercial operation, says Svein Tore Holsether, President and essay, CEO of YARA. Every day, more than 100 diesel truck journeys are needed to transport products from ever, YARA's Porsgrunn plant to ports in Brevik and Larvik where we ship products to customers around the world. On Cctv. With this new autonomous battery-driven container vessel, we move transport from road to sea and thereby reduce noise and and students on facebook, dust emissions, improve the safety of local roads, and reduce NOx and essay, CO2 emissions, says Holsether. KONGSBERG is responsible for i need a court essay development and delivery of all key enabling technologies on the YARA Birkeland, including the sensors and integration required for remote and autonomous operations, in on cctv addition to i need the electric drive, battery and propulsion control systems. By moving container transport from land to sea, YARA Birkeland is the start of a major contribution to fulfilling national and international environmental impact goals. The new concept is also a giant step forward towards increased seaborne transportation in general, says Geir Håøy, CEO of KONGSBERG. As a leading global maritime technology company, KONGSBERG's integrated control and monitoring systems are already capable of facilitating remote and unmanned operations. YARA Birkeland will benefit from competence and new technologies developed across KONGSBERG. In addition to being autonomous and fully electric, it will also be ballast-free, to further reduce its impact on the marine environment. On Cctv. This lack of water discharge will help in preventing the spread of non-native, nuisance, or exotic species of plants, animals, viruses and bacteria, which can often cause extensive ecological and invisible dragon four, economic damage.
Developing systems for autonomous operations is a major opening and natural step for KONGSBERG, considering our decades of expertise in the development and integration of advanced sensors, control and on cctv, communication systems for all areas of research ship operations, says Håøy. YARA Birkeland will set the benchmark for the application of innovative maritime technology for essay more efficient and and students essay, environmentally friendly shipping. At the Future of essay Go Summit in China, Google's DeepMind AlphaGo AI program has beaten the world's number one Go player, Ke Jie. Yet another milestone in the rapidly advancing field of artificial intelligence was achieved this week, as a software program designed to play Go was able to defeat the teachers on facebook reigning world champion. Computer scientists and on cctv, futurists had predicted that AI would need at least another two decades before it could master the game. Despite its relatively simple rules, Go is extremely complex even more so than chess and has more possible combinations of moves than the total number of atoms in the visible universe.
Compared to chess, Go has both a larger board with more scope for research play and longer games, and, on average, many more alternatives to consider per move. AlphaGo was developed by DeepMind, a London-based software company acquired by Google for more than $500m in 2014. In October 2015, it became the first computer program to essay on cctv beat a human professional Go player without handicaps on a full-sized 19×19 board. On Alzheimer's. In March 2016, it beat the on cctv legendary Lee Sedol in four of five games, the first time a computer program has beaten a 9-dan professional without handicaps. In December 2016, it was chosen by research papers on alzheimer's, the prestigious journal Science as one of the Breakthrough of the Year runners-up. And now, it has beaten Ke Jie, who has continuously held the world No.
1 ranking for two years, winning three of three games against him. The final match, which lasted for 209 moves, is pictured above. I'm very sorry I lost, said the 19-year-old, during a post-match press conference in Wuzhen, Zhejiang province. I wish I could have done better. AlphaGo's algorithm uses a Monte Carlo tree search to decide its moves based on essay on cctv, knowledge previously learned by machine learning; specifically by animals, an artificial neural network (a deep learning method) by extensive training, both from human and computer play. DeepMind founder, Demis Hassabis, said Ke Jie had played perfectly and pushed AlphaGo right to the limit. The company says the eventual plan is to deploy its artificial intelligence in areas of medicine and science. They plan to publish an academic paper later this year that will detail the essay on cctv extensive set of improvements made to the algorithms' efficiency and potential to invisible be generalised across a broader set of problems. Urgent reform is needed to deal with the rapid rise of automation, a leading Scottish think-tank has said.
Urgent reform is needed to deal with the rapid rise of on cctv automation, which threatens nearly half of Scottish jobs by invisible dragon, 2030, a leading think-tank has said. The stark warning comes in a new report published by the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) in essay Scotland, a leading progressive think tank, and supported by the JPMorgan Chase Foundation. The report, Scotland's Skills 2030 , outlines the need to reskill Scotland's workforce for the world of work in funny the coming decades. With greater numbers of on cctv workers working for longer, due to demographic change, and in multiple jobs, multiple careers and for multiple employers, due to technological change, Scotland will need to retrofit the workforce with the skills required to compete in the future. There are 2.5m working age adults today (78%) that have left compulsory education, that will still be of the working age by funny, 2030, the study notes adding they are likely to essay experience significant changes to the economy over and students essay, this time, and will need support to learn new skills, retrain and upskill. Meanwhile, just under half (46.1%) of jobs in Scotland, about on cctv, 1.2m jobs, are at high risk of automation over the next couple of decades. The sectors most likely to be affected are transport, manufacturing and retail, the report states. This brings the need for a skills system that is able to work with people in jobs, throughout their careers, rather than solely at the start or before their careers have begun, the researchers warn. Scotland has a clear gap in training and learning for people who have already started their careers, with a greater focus on younger people, and full-time provision in dragon four essays recent years. Employers are not plugging this gap, and too often pursue a low-skill business model. IPPR Scotland is calling for a new mid-career learning route, called the Open Institute of Technology, to sit alongside apprenticeships and further education, to help train the on cctv current workforce to be ready for the future challenges Scotland's economy faces, the report concludes.
Russell Gunson, Director of IPPR Scotland, said: There are more than 2.5 million people already in the workforce today that will still be working by invisible dragon, 2030. There are also 1.2m jobs in Scotland at risk of automation over the same time. Scotland urgently needs to essay on cctv design a skills system better able to work with people already into their careers to essay ever help them to retrain, reskill and respond to world of work of 2030. Scotland has a really strong record on skills in many ways, and in this report we find that Scotland is the highest skilled nation in the UK. However, our system has a clear gap in that we don't have enough provision for people who have already started their careers, and on cctv, employers are not investing to fill this gap.
To respond to the huge changes facing Scotland around demographic, technological and climate change and of course Brexit we're going to worst essay ever funny have to focus on retrofitting the essay on cctv current workforce to uc essay prompts provide them with the skills they need, to essay deliver the inclusive economic growth we wish to see. Our report makes a number of recommendations to help Scotland plot a path through these challenges, to reform the skills system in Scotland, to help to secure an invisible dragon four economy that delivers fairness and reduces inequality. Without reform of the skills system we could see changes to the economy harm whole sections of population, and whole communities, leaving many behind. The University of on cctv Utah has revealed a new robotic drill system for greatly speeding up surgical procedures. One type of complex cranial surgery could be done in a fiftieth of the normal time, decreasing from two hours to just two and a half minutes. A computer-driven automated drill, similar to those used to machine auto parts, could play a pivotal role in future surgical procedures. The new machine can make one type of complex cranial surgery 50 times faster than standard procedures, decreasing from two hours to two and a half minutes. Researchers at the University of Utah developed a drill that produces fast, clean and safe cuts reducing the time the essay wound is open and the patient is anesthetised, thereby decreasing the incidence of infection, human error, and surgical cost.
The findings are reported in Neurosurgical Focus . To perform complex surgeries especially cranial surgeries surgeons typically use hand drills to essay make intricate openings, adding hours to i need a court a procedure: It was like doing archaeology, said William Couldwell, study author and neurosurgeon at on cctv, the University of Utah Health. We had to slowly take away the bone to avoid sensitive structures. Couldwell saw a need for a device that could alleviate this burden and make the process more efficient: We knew the technology was already available in the machine world, but no one ever applied it to medical applications. My expertise is dealing with the removal of metal quickly, so a neurosurgical drill was a new concept for i need a court essay me, explained A. K. Balaji, associate professor in mechanical engineering. I was interested in developing a low-cost drill that could do a lot of the grunt work to reduce surgeon fatigue. Credit: University of Utah. The team developed the drill from scratch, as well as new software to on cctv calculate the safest cutting path. I Need A Court Essay. First, the patient is imaged using CT scans to essay gather bone data and identify the exact location of sensitive structures, such as nerves, veins and arteries that must be avoided.
Surgeons then use this information to four program a cutting path for the drill: The software lets the surgeon choose the optimum path from point A to point B, like Google Maps, says Balaji. In addition, the essay on cctv surgeon can program safety barriers along the essay ever cutting path within 1 mm of sensitive structures. Think of the barriers like a construction zone, says Balaji. You slow down to navigate it safety. The translabyrinthine surgery is performed thousands of on cctv times a year to expose slow-growing, benign tumours that can form at auditory nerves. This cut must avoid several sensitive features, including facial nerves and the venous sinus, a large vein that drains blood from the brain. Risks of this surgery include loss of uc essay facial movement.
The system developed at Utah has an automatic emergency shut-off switch. During surgery, facial nerves are monitored for any signs of irritation: If the drill gets too close to the facial nerve and on cctv, irritation is monitored, the drill automatically turns off, says Couldwell. The new drill could reduce the duration of this complex procedure from research on alzheimer's, two hours for hand-drilling by an experienced surgeon to two and on cctv, a half minutes. The shorter surgery is expected to ever funny lower the chance of infection and essay, improve post-operative recovery. It also has potential to substantially reduce the cost of i need surgery, because it shaves hours from operating room time. The team has now demonstrated the safety and speed of the drill by essay, performing this complex cut but Couldwell stresses that it can be applied to many other procedures: This drill can be used for essays a variety of surgeries, like machining the perfect receptacle opening in the bone for a hip implant, he said.
The varied application of the drill highlights another factor that drew Balaji to essay the project: I was motivated by the fact that this technology could democratise health care by levelling the playing field so more people can receive quality care, he said. Prompts. The team is now examining opportunities to commercialise the drill to ensure that it is essay more widely available for invisible four essays other surgical procedures.