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English language evolution essay

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Building Your Business on Paper: Resources for english language evolution essay Business Planning. Shakespeare Tempest! A business plan outlines what a business intends to do and how the english language evolution, business owner or partners plan to go about putting the intentions into practice. Thesis Product! The plan performs a number of different functions. It may be used to attract investors to the business or to bring in language evolution essay critical employees or to grow the business itself. Business plans should include the mission or goals of the business, how the business will fulfill its mission, and the structure of the business, including roles and responsibilities of employees. It should also outline any obstacles or problems the business may face and provide explanation of how the on use and abuse of internet, business will handle those issues. Financial data such as the english evolution essay, amount of capital needed to get the business off the ground should also be included in the plan. Write On Use And Abuse Of Internet! Most business plans consist of three parts and follow a general content guideline. The first part of a business plan explains the english evolution, concept of the manager hotel, business.

In the concept section, the industry is discussed, as is the structure of the english language essay, new business, and shakespeare tempest questions its products or services. English Essay! The business owner or partners should explain their plans for manager making the english language evolution, business successful in this section. The second section of the business plan is the thesis development, marketplace section. In this section, the owners provide a description of the customers they anticipate serving and provide a detailed analysis of those customers. A good plan should detail exactly who the customers are and where they live. It should also point out factors that contribute to the customers#39; buying habits. The business plans should also explain any competition in the marketplace section and include a plan for beating the language, competition.

The financial section is the third portion of the plan. Resume Indesign! This section features financial projections and financial ratios for the company as well as income statements and balance sheets. Investors and lenders will look at this section to determine if the business is worth investing in or a safe bet for lending money to. In addition to the three main sections, every business plan also includes several other components, such as a title page and table of content at the beginning. Most plans start off with an executive summary which sums up the data in english essay the rest of the plan. Other components of a business plan include a description of the business, marketing strategies and an analysis of the competition, a plan for design and development, a plan for management and operations, and the financial data. Usually, a business plan is around 20 pages long. Some are considerably longer, though, up to 100 pages.

The length of the plan depends in hotel resume large part on how complex the english essay, business is. A business owner may need to spend pages and pages outlining and explaining an resume with indesign entirely new business concept or industry. Business owners who are planning simple businesses in well-established industries may only need a plan that is a few pages long. If a business intends to use the plan to attract investors, it may be in their best interests to make it very detailed and longer. Plans used to manage the essay, day-to-day operations of the business need not be as detailed, as they do not need to convince anyone of the business#39; value or worth. Practically every business needs a business plan.

This includes start-ups who are just getting started as well as more established businesses who want to change direction or try something new. Thesis Product Development! A business plan is a useful tool at all stages of business for keeping the company on track or for bringing new investors on board. Start-up companies commonly use business plans to bring in investors and raise money to get the business off of the ground. The plan can also be of use later on in the language evolution essay, company#39;s future to bring in more investors, financing or for write an essay and abuse determining the best course of action for a company to english evolution take. Some established businesses create a plan detailing how a new direction for the business will benefit or increase the company#39;s customer base and in turn raise more money. A plan can also help an resume indesign established company get the support it needs from an industry to change course. There are several reasons why a business may wish to update or change its business plan. Some businesses update their plans every quarter to stay up to date on the financial projections of the company. In industries where growth and change is rapid, the plan may be updated monthly. Slower-paced businesses can update every year.

An updated plan is also useful for getting more financing or getting financing in essay the first place. Changes in resume the market for a business may also require an update to a business plan. People may no longer be interested in the product or service the business offers, so they need to change the plan to stay viable. The plan should also be changed when the company plans to introduce a new product or service to the market. In many cases, any change or milestone in the business requires an update to the plan. This includes anytime a new manager is brought on board or when the company changes business locations or passes a significant sales mark. English Language! Growth and change over a period of years may mean that an initial plan is no longer relevant to product development the business. Types and styles of business plans vary from industry to industry and from business to business, even though most plans share the same elements and purpose. Some plans focus on funding while others are meant for in-house use only. The appearance and details of the plan are essential for it to language evolution essay make the right impression on the right people. There are four basic types of business plan.

A mini-plan is a brief business plan, usually no longer than 10 pages. Product! An entrepreneur may produce a mini business plan to test the waters with an idea or concept for a business and then expand the plan later if they decide to go ahead with the business. It is usually best to save mini-plans for in-house use only. A working plan is a somewhat informal version of english language evolution essay, a business plan. It is considerably more comprehensive than a mini-plan but is apa 6 a thesis, intended for in-house use, not for attracting customers or investors to evolution essay the business. The plan does not need to include images or resumes of key employees, as it is not meant to be seen by self help, anyone outside of the business. It also does not need to be bound in essay anything more fancy that a 3-ring binder. Presentation plans are business plans that owners and partners show to those outside of the essay self help, company, whether those people are investors, lenders, or potential customers. The language of a presentation plan is more formal than a working plan.

The plan itself usually looks a lot nicer too. The goal of evolution, a presentation plan is to introduce the business to someone who has had not previous connection to essay self help it. Electronic plans may be working or presentation plans. They are simply a form of language, a business plan on a computer, such as a word processing document or PowerPoint slide show. A business owner may use an electronic business plan to make a showy presentation to investors.

The plan is resume indesign, easily updated in electronic form and can be sent to interested parties through email. Business Plan for a Start-Up Business (PDF) Step by step guide to writing a business plan for start-up companies. Writing a Business Plan: Financial Section Resource guide to creating the financial section of a business plan. Business Plan Outline (PDF) Outline detailing the individual sections of a business plan. The Elements of a Business Plan: First Steps for english New Entrepreneurs (PDF) Pamphlet discussing creating a business plan, including the sections and common mistakes made when writing a plan. Taking Business Concepts From Dream to Reality Article in Business Week on what beginning entrepreneurs can do to apa 6 develop their business concept. Business Development Concepts (PDF) Document showcasing the different ways people can start a business or improve upon an existing one. Your Business Plan: The Marketing Plan Information from the ALA on creating the marketing section of a business plan. Write a Business Plan Business plan writing wizard from the State of Kentucky. Templates for english language Writing a Business Plan Templates for creating a business plan from the Small Business Administration.

Using Your Business Plan to Get Funding Article on how to prepare and present a business plan to get funding from banks and with investors. Tips for english language Making Business Presentations Advice for successfully presenting a plan in a business setting. 10 Ways to Research Your Business Idea 10 tips to hotel resume follow when developing and researching a business concept. Business Plan Development Methods for creating a business plan. The Business Plan Quick summary of the role of a business plan.

What Is a Business Plan? Do I Need to Write One? Short explanation of a business plan as well as who should write one.

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A Short Essay of the Evolution of the

Graffiti Art: An Essay Concerning The Recognition of Some Forms of english language Graffiti As Art. Phil 651 Aesthetics. Graffiti art is an art form. The reasons, including aesthetic criteria, as to why it is an art form far outweigh the criticism of illegality, incoherence, and nonstandard presentation. The objective of this paper is to explain how graffiti art overcomes these concerns and thereby can be considered as an art form. Suppose that Leonardo, Monet, Picasso, or any of the recognized artisans of Western European culture were alive in essay questions the present day. Then, suppose that one of these famous artists decided to paint a masterpiece on the side of language essay your house or on your front door or on a wall in your neighborhood. Would Picasso or Monet's markings be graffiti or art or vandalism or graffiti art? The answer may vary across people, but I would claim that those markings are art in the form of graffiti. Their markings would qualify as vandalism only if they appeared on private or public property without permission. Hotel Resume. The same answer holds for the present day, genre of graffiti known as graffiti art.

Graffiti art originated in the late 1960's, and it has been developing ever since. However, it is english language essay not readily accepted as being art like those works that are found in a gallery or a museum. It is not strictly denied the status of genuine art because of a lack of tempest essay form or other base aesthetic elements. Most of the opposition to graffiti art is due to its location and english evolution essay bold, unexpected, and shakespeare questions unconventional presentation, but its presentation and often illegal location does not necessarily disqualify it as art. In this paper, I elucidate how some forms of graffiti can be accepted as art. This type of graffiti is known as graffiti art, subway art, or spraycan art. Essay. The arguments of vandalism and on new unconventional presentation as negating the ability of some graffiti to be art is usurped by an explanation of those properties apparent in some forms of graffiti that do qualify it, aesthetically, as art.

To show this, I provide a historical context of graffiti, and then I provide persuasive evidence that graffiti art is art. The origins of graffiti go back to the beginnings of human, societal living. Graffiti has been found on uncovered, ancient, Egyptian monuments, and graffiti even was preserved on english essay, walls in Pompeii. Graffiti is the plural form of the Italian word grafficar. In plural, grafficar signifies drawings, markings, patterns, scribbles, or messages that are painted, written, or carved on a wall or surface. Grafficar also signifies to scratch in reference to different wall writings ranging from cave paintings, bathroom scribbles, or any message that is scratched on walls.

In reference to present day graffiti, the definition is development qualified by adding that graffiti is also any unsolicited marking on english language evolution, a private or public property that is write on use and abuse of internet usually considered to be vandalism. There are various forms of graffiti. One of the simplest forms is that of individual markings such as slogans, slurs, or political statements. English. Examples of this type of graffiti commonly are found in bathrooms or on exterior surfaces, and this graffiti is usually handwritten. Another simple form is that of the tag which is a fancy, scribble-like writing of one's name or nick-name. That is, tag signifies one's name or nick-name. Both the tag or individual mark have little or no aesthetic appeal. While they might suggest a flair or style of writing, these forms fail to qualify as example of superb graffiti art because of a lack of aesthetic qualities and inability to produce a maximal aesthetic feeling in the viewer. In fact, the tag or individual mark is not produced for artistic purposes. Hotel. It is basically a means to english evolution essay, indicate the writer's presence, i.e., the age old statement of hotel resume I was here.

Gang markings of territory also fit the definition of graffiti, and they mainly consists of english language evolution essay tags and messages that provide news of resume indesign happenings in the neighborhood. Murals for community enhancement and language evolution beautification are also a form of graffiti even though they are not usually thought of this way because most murals are commissioned. These are more colorful and complex. They take considerable amount of skill to complete, and murals can be done in apa 6 referencing a thesis a graffiti art style or a traditional pictorial scene. The last form of graffiti is language evolution graffiti art which is the creative use of spraypaint to produce an artwork that is graffiti or done in a thesis a graffiti-like style, and this the is the english language concern of this discussion.

Modern graffiti art originated in New York City, and resume with it was known first as New York Style graffiti. This art form began in the late 1960's when teens used permanent markers to tag or write their names, followed by the number of the street on which they lived, in essay subway cars. This trend originated with the appearance of Taki 183 which was the tag of shakespeare tempest essay questions a Greek American boy named Demitrius. Tagging soon became a way to get one's name known throughout the city. However, it should be noted that tagging appeared in Philadelphia before New York.

The monikers, Cornbread and Top Cat were well known in Philadelphia, and evolution essay when Top Cat's style appeared in New York, it was dubbed as Broadway Style for its long skinny lettering. The advent of the manager hotel spraypaint allowed for the tag to develop in size and color. For it was not enough just to have one's name scrawled over any available and essay visible surface because everyone was doing this. The spraycan separated the taggers from the artists in that color, form, and style could be emphasized creatively with this new tool to thesis on new product development, produce s tag as a part of an english language overall artistic production. The tag which is monochromatic and a writing style that just about anyone can do, gave way to the throw-up, which is a two color tag usually in outline or bubble-like lettering. Manager Hotel. Again this style is not too difficult, but soon more complicated styles evolved. Evolution Essay. The stamp is a little harder and involves the use straight letters to apa 6 a thesis, produce a 3-D effect. The piece, which is short for language evolution essay, masterpiece, appeared next, and it is a large multicolor work. A production is write and abuse a piece that is usually on english, the scale of a mural, and it involves original or familiar cartoon characters in addition to the writer or graffiti artist's name. It should be noted that every graffiti form listed involves the artist's name, whether as the central feature or as an ornament within the piece because writers want to apa 6 referencing a thesis, be known. Hence, finding new and creative ways to display one's tag in a highly visible place, as opposed to just scribbling it everywhere, was the fundamental force spurring the development of modern graffiti art.

In the middle to late 1970's, writers started painting subway trains; thus the name, subway art. Train painting was instrumental to the development of graffiti art because the trains became the essay stage for essay help group, the style wars which was a time when everyone who wanted to be recognized as the best artist or the King or Queen of a subway line got- up, i.e., painted trains as often as possible. Language Evolution. If one's name was on a train in hotel a colorful and language evolution essay unique style, it was guaranteed to be seen by many people; most importantly by the other writers, because the subway trains in New York City travel in circuits throughout different boroughs. To be a King or Queen one could not just get-up or simply paint his or her name in a thousand different places. On the contrary, style and manager hotel resume artistic talent were and continue to english evolution essay, be extremely important. The goal was and is to create burners which are pieces that stand out tempest essay questions because of creativity, color, vibrancy, crisp outlines, i.e. no drips, and overall artistic appeal.

It is the english language essay recognizable artistic talent of the graffiti artist that established his or her reign on the subway line and not just the appearance of s name in a thousand different places. The styles that emerged with the previously mentioned forms during this time were round popcorn or bubble letters, wildstyle which is an intricate, interlocking type of calligraphy that is difficult and almost impossible to read, computer and gothic lettering, 3-D lettering, fading which blends colors, and write on use and abuse the use of cartoon characters. The ability to produce complicated pieces is what separates the tagger from the graffiti artist; graffitist for short. Taggers scribble and graffitists do art. The high visibility of the train and the potential audience encouraged more artists to participate in this new form of art. Despite New York City's vigorous anti-graffiti efforts the style flourished and soon influenced artists in cities all over the world. The biggest promotional vehicle for graffiti art worldwide has been the Hip-Hop phenomenon which is the culture associated with rap music. Subway art now is termed as spraycan art because subway trains are no longer the canvas of choice. Besides, every graffitist could not possibly do all of his or her work on subway cars because of laws, police, and the dangerous environment of the subway yards and english language evolution lay-up stations. Self. Ironically, the latest innovation in spraycan art has been that of freight art in which graffitists paint railroad, freight cars with the expectation that their artwork will travel across the United States and language evolution essay throughout the continent. There are two major questions associated with the explanation of manager resume graffiti.

One, who is responsible for language evolution, it, and two, why do graffitists produce spraycan art. To the surprise of most people, graffiti art is not the sole possession of poor, urban, lower-class American kids. Not only an essay of internet, do half of the graffitists come from Caucasian middle-class families, but there are graffitists all over the world. When asked, What sorts of kids write graffiti?, police officer Kevin Hickey of the New York Transit Police Department's graffiti squad replied, The type of kids that live in New York City. English Language Evolution Essay. They range from the ultra-rich to the ultra-poor. There is no general classification of the kids Graffitist range in age from 12-30 years old, and there are male and female artists. In the past, graffiti artists usually worked alone, but the size and complexity of pieces as well as safety concerns motivated artists to work together in crews, which are groups of graffitists that vary in membership from 3 to 10 or more persons.

A member of a crew can be down with, i.e., affiliated, with more than one crew. To join a crew, one must have produced stylish pieces and show potential for developing his or her own, unique style. A crew is headed by a king or queen who is usually that person recognized as having the best artistic ability among the members of the manager hotel resume crew. The reasons and values for why one might engage in graffiti art are as varied as the artists who produce it. A chief reason is the prospect of fame and recognition of language essay one's artistic talent. Graffiti is also a form of self expression. The art as writing is a creative method of communicating with other writers and the general public. What it communicates is the artist's identity, expression, and ideas. Judgments are based solely on one's artistic ability. This type of essay self help communication is of value because it links people regardless of cultural, lingual, or racial differences in way that nothing else can. In addition, producing graffiti art with a crew builds team work in that the crew works together for the accomplishment of a common goal.

The feeling of this achievement in league with others is of value to the artist. In his book, Graffito, Walsh notes that some graffitists view their art as a ritual transgression against a repressive political and economic order. Essay. For some artists see themselves as revolutionaries reacting against the established art market or gallery system in that art is not only that which appears in the gallery as determined by the curator. Some artists also view their creations on public and private spaces as a statement against Western ideas of capitalism and private property. Of course, the majority of graffitists enjoy what they do and find it to be fun, rewarding, and exciting. Although these reasons are valid, they do not conclusively settle the matter as to why graffiti art is art or why it is a valid art form despite its illegal origins. Graffiti as seen and experienced on indesign, the New York City subway trains and that which developed into the modern-day form of spraycan art is art. The production of graffiti art includes established techniques and styles, and the art form also is characterized by english evolution essay a standard medium; spraypaint. For example, novices are taught how to apa 6, use spraypaint according to various styles and english language essay how to adjust nozzles as well as how to apa 6 a thesis, fit and use other types of aerosol caps onto spraycans for different artistic effects.

The forms of graffiti art have developed through the years from the mere gestures of tagging to evolution essay, established conventional practices of the graffiti art world such as creating the referencing tag according to a method, like wildstyle, that makes it an integral, flowing element of the overall piece. In addition, graffiti art is not a spontaneous activity like tagging in the form of fancy scribble. Language Essay. The completion of a piece or a production involves a great deal of imagination, planning, and effort. The graffitist first does a sketch. Then he or she plans out essay self characters and selects colors. Next, the artist selects his or her canvas or surface and does a preliminary outline, followed by english essay a filling in of colors and ornamentation, and then the final outline is completed. Graffiti can also be analyzed according to the elements of shakespeare tempest lines, color, and structures that are present in the work in english language essay order to produce a narrative about it. Another significant reason why graffiti art can be viewed as art is by essay help group considering the producer's intention. Graffitists intend their work to be apprehended as art that can communicate feelings and ideas to the audience. This is in line with Tolstoy's mandate that art must allow people to express ideas and share in each other's feelings via the artwork. Plus, graffiti art has a function of not only communicating to others, but it also beautifies the community by appearing on areas that normally would be eyesores, such as a wall in a vacant lot or an abandoned building.

Furthermore, all of the aesthetic properties and criteria from the base element of color to the complex issue of artist intention which are ascribed to english essay, other works in order to characterize them as art can all be found in examples of spraycan art. The only difference between those works in write an essay on use and abuse of internet a gallery or museum and graffiti art in terms of how and why the latter is not readily accepted as art is due to its location and presentation. Indeed the issues of location and presentation are the language essay most significant obstacles to a wholehearted acceptance of spraycan art as art. Help. Graffiti art cannot be disregarded simply because it is not presented in the conventional location and manner, i.e., framed and placed in a museum or gallery. The location of it on a wall or subway without permission only makes it unsolicited art. As such, it can be called vandalism, but again, this does not disqualify it as art.

Rather the categorization of graffiti art as unsolicited art that is vandalism only justifies a removal of it from the english language surface. On the other hand, the vandalism aspect of resume graffiti art can be considered as a uniqueness and english language essay not a detracting feature of the art form because as vandalism, graffiti art is very temporary. Essay Self Help Group. A piece which might be sixty feet long, twelve feet high, and take twenty to thirty cans of paint and at language essay least eight hours to produce might be gone in referencing a matter of minutes. Another challenge to graffiti art is that it is forced upon the public because people have no say in english language essay its production despite the fact that public funds are used to remove it. Graffitists counter with the argument that buildings, billboards, campaign ads, and essay self help flyers are also forced on the public in a similar manner.

Spraycan art suffers other criticisms because of the generic characterization of all graffiti as being gang related and simply a matter of tagging. However, only 20% of graffiti is gang related [ed. note: according to Walsh, who mentions this number in _Graffito_. Because he used anecdotes from LA and english evolution San Francisco to obtain his figures, and it is not known what definition of gang he refers to, this number is questionable.], and it should be noted that not all instances of graffiti art are good examples of the art form; just like not all framed artistic creations are good examples of painting or even worthy of being called art. Graffiti is also criticized for being too hard to understand, but certainly this cannot keep graffiti art from being art anymore than the obscurity of abstract art or Picasso's cubism prevents either one of thesis those hard to understand art forms from being considered as art. Goldman's aesthetic theory is english evolution essay of use to clarify the problem of location and presentation in manager hotel resume relation to english language evolution essay, graffiti art. Goldman claims that art takes us to other worlds in a manner that is quite fulfilling sensually and aesthetically. This removal from the real world is enhanced by the mood of the gallery or the dark setting of the referencing a thesis opera house. Most of the time when we encounter art and are transported by english language evolution it to other worlds, we are in a location in which we expect this to happen. However, this is not the case with graffiti art. For it appears suddenly and in unexpected places.

Thus, when we apprehend it, we are transported to these other worlds at on new product a time and in a place that we are not accustomed to language evolution, doing so. We are not used to shakespeare tempest essay, art approaching us outside of conventional settings such as a museum. Instead of the audience going to view the english evolution essay art form, spraycan art reaches out to the viewer; sometimes in shakespeare tempest questions a startling manner. English Evolution Essay. One can only imagine how shocking and surprising it might have been to essay self group, see a colorful train moving swiftly through the dingy stations and drab boroughs of New York City. Spraycan art is an art form that is completely open to the public because it is not hemmed in by the confines or laws of the gallery system or the english evolution museum. Perhaps, this is its only on new, crime. The institutional theory, in brief, mandates that art is that which is displayed by the art world to be accepted as art as determined by the members of the art world. Since graffiti art is not permanently established in any galleries or museums, often it is argued that it is not art, but even this criticism falls short because there are instances where the art world has recognized graffiti art as art. In the essay 1970's, galleries in New York and Europe brought graffiti to questions, the attention of the art world. Lee Quinones, a prominent writer in evolution essay New York and one of the few graffitists to bomb, i.e., paint, a whole train from top to help, bottom and end to end, was invited to language essay, exhibit his work on canvas in Claudio Bruni's Galleria Madusa in Rome.

Likewise, Yaki Kornblit of Denmark, an art dealer, helped to launch the careers of several graffitists during the years of 1984 and 1985 at Museum Boyanano von Beuningen in Rotterdam. Jean Paul Basquiat collaborated with Andy Warhol for joint paintings in 1985. And recently, in 1996, Barry McGee, also known by his tag, Twist, was commissioned to do a graffiti art mural for the San Francisco Museum of apa 6 a thesis Modern Art. As graffiti was introduced to essay, the art world, two trends happened. One, the art world of collectors, dealers, curators, artists, and the like helped graffitists evolve in hotel resume style, presumably by sharing their artistic knowledge with the newcomers.

Two, the exposure helped to expand graffiti to all parts of the world. Furthermore, cities such as LA and english language essay Chicago have recognized the talent of graffitists by providing a means for them to do legal graffiti art which has helped to foster the art form and lessened the amount of graffiti art that appears in the city as vandalism. Likewise, organizations of graffiti artists such as the Phun Factory or the United Graffiti Artists in New York solicit places to do legal graffiti such as abandoned buildings, businesses, or community walls in parks. What this shows is that some graffiti, particularly in the form of spraycan art, is recognized as art by the art world. This recognition of graffiti art by thesis on new development the art world is important for two reasons.

One because of the social, political, and economic influence of the art world, its recognition of graffiti art as art helps to increase the awareness and overall understanding of the art form. Two, this recognition prevents the english language evolution essay sweeping generalization that all graffiti is manager resume vandalism and english essay therefore something that always should be eradicated. For in manager hotel resume actuality, spraycan art does not necessarily have to be illegal or on a wall to be considered as graffiti art, although, philosophically, this might be the purest essence of the english evolution essay art form. What matters is that the art is produced according to a graffiti art style. So examples of art works that are produced on canvas with spraypaint and in a graffiti style can be considered as spraycan art.

And the manager hotel exhortation that graffiti should be on a visible private or public space in order to language essay, be in its optimal context is not so much to glorify any illegalities but rather, to highlight the idea that graffiti is meant to tempest, be completely accessible to the public for immediate appreciation. Also, the increasing acceptance of graffiti art is not due so much to essay, its adoption of traditional techniques. On the contrary, books, magazines, movies, and the artists themselves have helped people to understand how and where graffiti harmonizes with and goes a step beyond traditional methods. For example, wildstyle changes with each artist's interpretation of the alphabet, but it also relies on the use of primary colors, fading, foreground and background, and the like to create these letters. An Essay And Abuse Of Internet. Thus, it is important and valuable to characterize some forms of graffiti as art because this challenges people, who are conditioned to accept art works as art only if they are created in a traditional manner and appear in institutional setting, to appreciate art works that originate and develop outside of these constraints.

In doing so, people come to realize graffiti is not an art form that is done just for the sake of rebellious destruction. Quite the opposite, it is an innovative and truly original art form that is meant to bring an aesthetic pleasure to english language evolution, the audience like any other recognized art form. In summary, some forms of on new development graffiti become art according to four criteria. First, graffiti art is separated from everyday graffiti markings by the artist's intention to english language evolution essay, produce a work of art. Second, graffiti art has an established history of development in style and technique. Third, graffiti art even has been recognized by the art world. A fourth criterion is that the public response to graffiti art indicates that it is art.

Whether or not all of the public agrees that graffiti art is good, bad, or extremely valuable is a different discussion about write an essay on use of internet, evaluation and evolution essay not whether or not graffiti art is art. The evaluative concerns actually play more into indesign, where, when, and english language essay how graffiti art should be displayed. The above criteria are defensible in so much as they have been used to legitimize other artistic forms. However, what appears to be the most significant answer to manager, describing how and why graffiti art is art is the notion of understanding where the artist and the audience synchronize in language essay agreement about a particular work being an example of art. It is a matter of comprehending what makes a creation art for apa 6 a thesis, the artist and what makes this same creation art for the audience. When and according to what criteria that these two viewpoints coincide is language essay what thoroughly determines graffiti art as art. And like other art forms, graffiti art is definitively art when both the artist and self help the audience agree on the works ability to provide maximal aesthetic satisfaction. While it is almost impossible to language, formulate a theory of necessary conditions or rules specifying when graffiti art is art, I think it is sufficient to draw on already established aesthetic theories and criteria to point out that some forms of graffiti do qualify as art. Therefore, graffiti in manager resume the form of spraycan art is art.

It has form, color, and other base properties as well as an evolution essay arrangement of these elements into resume with indesign, structures that qualify it aesthetically as being art. Just doing something with spraypaint might make it graffiti, but it does not necessarily qualify it as art or graffiti art. English. In addition, when the spraycan art is analyzed according to the artist's intention and value to audience, there is even more evidence to suggest that it is genuine art. The only product development, obstacle that has hindered the general acceptance of graffiti art is its location and evolution essay presentation. However, the instances of acceptance of graffiti art by the art world shows that conventional methods of presentation are not all that matters in manager hotel determining if something is art. And graffiti art is not to be disqualified as art simply because it might appear unsolicited. In short, graffiti in the form of spray can art is art like any other work that might be found in a gallery or a museum. Castleman, Craig. English Language Essay. Getting Up.

Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1982.

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Evolution of English Language

Theodor Seuss Geisel: Author Study. 1995 Melissa Kaplan. Like many children since 1937, Dr. English Language. Seuss was a part of my early life with such books as Green Eggs and Ham, The Cat in the Hat, And to Think That! Saw It All on shakespeare questions, Mulberry Street, Horton Hatches an Egg, stories of the Sneetches, and the east-going Grinch's memorable confrontation with the evolution essay west-going Grinch. They were fun books to read, certainly more fun and interesting than the books used at school to teach us to read. Dick and Jane were interesting only for the first several months, after which they were so boring that you knew you would never play with them if they ever came by. Not, perhaps, that you would ever really want to play with the Cat in self group, the Hat. After all, how in the world would you tell your parents what happened if the Cat didn't put everything right again?

I re-read the books and some of the newer ones when my brother, almost four years my junior, was learning to read. Language. By that time I was off into other books and other interests and, while they were colorful and on new, fun, no longer seemed so entertaining. Despite that, however, I can still easily recall drawings from english language, some of my favorite early Seuss stories. Several years ago, a book title in a catalog caught my attention: The Tough Coughs as He Ploughs the essay self help Dough . Working as I then was with many people for english evolution, whom English was a second language, and trying to deal with creative spelling not only hotel inside the language essay office but on self help group, correspondence going out to clients, the english language evolution often seemingly illogical spelling of manager hotel words was always simmering in english language, my mind somewhere. I have also always had strong reactions to some words that looked just plain funny sitting there on a piece of paper; there were some words that, spoken or written or pronounced in my head gave me the creeps. When I read that the Tough Coughs book was a compilation of Dr. Seuss writings, I thought that it just might suit my frame of manager resume mind perfectly. By the english language evolution essay time the book came, life had quickened and apa 6, somehow I never had a chance to do more than flip through it hurriedly now and then. The book was definitely a compilation of Seuss, but not the Seuss of childhood. Here was an amazing concoction of political commentary, advertising wit, off-the-wall essays on english evolution, life and living, with an shakespeare tempest essay questions, assortment of fantastic creatures and language evolution, humans.

The style of drawings were familiar, the turn of phrase and incredible names, but the topics and subjects were very different. Or so, at essay self help group the time, it seemed. This intriguing dichotomy, coupled with my recent re-reading of The Lorax and english, my realization that this wonderful story of greed and manager, environmental destruction was written, not in the politically correct 1990s but when plumbers were making their nocturnal visits to the Watergate, led me to taking a closer look at this man. What I found was a very complex individual, one who experienced great joy in life and english essay, his art and an essay of internet, deep lows filled with self-doubt and language evolution, discomfort in having to deal with those outside his close circle of friends. Here was a man who both made light of his talents but was wounded at not being taken seriously. A man of whimsy who drove others as hard as he drove himself in the production of children's literature. An iconoclast in the area of children's literature and literacy who nonetheless cared little for and was uncomfortable around children. but who made up a daughter to whom books were dedicated, and stories about whom he regaled dinner guests, much to the dismay of his wife who was unable to conceive. Here, then, is a bit of the biographical journey I went on. You're wrong as the deuce.

And you shouldn't rejoice. If you're calling him Seuss. He pronounces it Soice.* *Written by Alexander Liang, a former staff member of Jack O'Lantern when under Ted Geisel's leadership, later on faculty at Dartmouth. The German pronunciation, zoice, despite the above quatrain published in product development, the Jack, gave way to its more American and easier-to-pronounce rhymes-with-Mother-Goose sound as Ted was talked about english language essay with increasing frequency. He First Saw It All On Mulberry Street. Theodor Seuss Geisel was born in 1901 in Springfield, Massachusetts.

Springfield was a busy city, bursting with commerce and invention. Two hundred trains a day came through the city, serving three different railroad companies. Messrs. Smith and Wesson's thriving business was located there, as were industries churning out toys, bicycles, motorcycles, tires, ice and roller skates, railroad and trolley cars, even gasoline-powered automobiles. The pace and community support fostered eccentrics and inventors and, for many of the 62,000 citizens, tinkering with equipment and a thesis, invention was a common leisure pastime. Ted grew up speaking both German and English. Language Essay. Both of his parents were born of German immigrants, and the grandparents, parents, aunts, uncles and questions, cousins all spoke German in the home and english language evolution essay, outside in essay, the thriving community of German-Americans, and english essay, English with the apa 6 referencing a thesis non-German-Americans in the heavily stratified social culture of Springfield.

Words fascinated Ted at an early age, a fascination aided, abetted and incited by essay his family. His sister, Margaretha, called herself Marnie Mecca Ding Ding Guy. His grandfather owned a brewery with another German immigrant. The brewery name was Kalmbach and Geisel, called Come Back and Guzzle by the locals. Ted's father, an expert competitive marksman who practiced every morning (something which Ted found rather ridiculous), told Ted that he must always strive for excellence, that if you don't, you end up with schlock. Ted's father was a park commissioner in charge of a huge park that included within its borders a zoo. This became one of resume with indesign young Ted's favorite haunts, and he loved to hear his father tell stories about the animals. Ted drew the animals that he saw and heard about. His parents encouraged his drawing despite the language evolution fact that the animals never quite looked like what they started out to be. One of essay self help his mother's favorites, drawn on the wall, was a Wynnmph with ears three yards long.

Ted learned to read while still very young. By six years of language age, he was already reading Charles Dickens and Robert Louis Stevenson. Essay Self Help. His favorite early book, however, was The Hole, a riotous book about evolution a gun that is hotel resume shot in the house whose bullet pierces the water heater and, as the house filled with water, the bullet keeps going, piercing everything in its path, through walls and furniture and english language essay, doors until, in the kitchen, it hits a cake that was so hard it stops the bullet. Ted's mother, Nettie, knew that the best way to with get Ted to language do anything was to bribe him with books. Ted persevered through piano lessons with Nettie seated in the anteroom outside. If he did well, he raced across the street to shakespeare tempest questions Johnson's Book Store where he was allowed to chose a book. In 1937, when And To Think I Saw It On Mulberry Street was published, Johnson's Book Store opened to essay record crowds, as neighbors and manager, acquaintances stood in language essay, tine to purchase the book, dreading an exposé. Essay Questions. Originally titled A Story That No One Can Beat, Mulberry Street was Ted's version of The Hole, and gleefully read by many as a canny depiction of the tales of embellished truth so artfully invented by children. This theme was to reappear again in english evolution essay, such books as McElligot's Pool, the first book Ted published after World War II.

Ted was a good student and, on product development, the whole, enjoyed school, but he did have his moments with some teachers. In his first (and, subsequently, only) art class, he found that by evolution turning a drawing on which he was working upside down, he could tell whether or not the drawing was balanced. If it was balanced, the drawing would look balanced both ways, right side up and on new product, upside down. His art teacher insisted that artists did no such thing, that balance or imbalance could not be determined in such a manner (when, in fact, it can). He was furious that Ted was fooling around. While all of Ted's classmates liked his drawings, his teacher didn't, telling Ted to consider a career other than art. It was this interaction, if anything, that fueled young Ted's desire to english essay someday be an artist.

The teacher wanted me to draw the world as it is; I wanted to draw things as I saw them. This was an thesis on new product development, attitude that intensified as Ted went on to college. At Dartmouth, Ted was fortunate to english evolution find another writing teacher who, like his high school teacher, was appreciative of his work--and wit. Ted boasted to his classmates that he could write humorously on any subject. To prove it, he wrote a book review of the Boston Maine Railroad timetables. only Ted and the professor laughed. Despite the fact that he had made no overtures to group any of the evolution essay fraternities, Ted was nonetheless surprised to not be invited by any of them to pledge. He realized that it was probably because he was taken to be Jewish, with his last name, Semitic nose and apa 6 referencing, dark hair. This was in counterpoint to the hostile atmosphere that pervaded Springfield (and all of the U.S.) during the war as all German-Americans were looked at with suspicion by evolution essay their former friends, business associates and neighbors. Ted felt the isolation during the war years, and found it continuing, though for different (and rather ironic) reasons at Dartmouth. It took a year and a half before word got around that I wasn't [Jewish].

I think my interest in editing the Dartmouth humor magazine began. Write An Essay On Use. that pledge week. By his junior year at Dartmouth, Ted was editor of the college humor magazine, the Jack O'Lantern, and wrote for the school paper. Typical of his cartoons was one of two chimney sweeps perched on a roof. Should I go first? asked the first. Soot yourself, replied the other. English Evolution. Ted's whimsical use of language and artless drawings soon drew a following of students and faculty. Ted enjoyed the extracurricular activities, including actively managing the soccer team (managing, after all, wasn't playing, and thesis on new product, Ted continued his detestation of english language evolution playing sports that started well before high school), arguing politics on the debate team, and hotel resume, partying.

His involvement in the latter activity was perhaps more so than the former, so much so that he was named Least Likely to english language essay Succeed by his classmates. Late in his senior year, an especially raucous party in hotel resume, his rooms resulted in a visit from the police and a trip to the dean of english evolution essay college. There he was told that he had to resign from the school magazine and with, paper. Theodore Geisel got around this ban by submitting articles with a number of aliases, including L. Burbank, Thomas Mott Osborne (then warden of Sing Sing prison), Ted Seuss, or, merely, Seuss. The Unsmiling Clown. Ted's high school yearbook highlights the two sides of the evolution man: while he was voted Class Artist and Class Wit, the pictures of him in essay self help group, the year book all show a tall, darkly handsome, unsmiling young man standing in the back row. In Dartmouth, despite his growing popularity and renown as an english language essay, astute wit and resume with, party man, Ted continued to remain aloof. Said one classmate: He was not gregarious in language essay, the sense of hail-fellow-well-met; there was no sense of resume self-importance about english essay him. But when he walked into a room it was like magician's act. Birds flew out of his hands, and hotel, endless bright scarves and english language essay, fireworks.

Everything became brighter, happier, funnier. And he didn't try. Everything Ted did seemed to be a surprise, even to him. From where did this bleakness come? The year 1915 saw the sinking of the Lusitania by the Germans and the change of public feeling towards German-Americans.

While the German-American community in essay self help group, Springfield was close-knit and english evolution essay, one fairly well integrated into write an essay on use of internet the social and business structures of the community, the hostility they encountered grew. Ted was shocked to essay hear from write, one of his schoolmates that he was being referred to as the German brewer's kid with the three-legged dog. Church services had been conducted in German, and German was the first language at homes, many businesses, at the riflery club (where his father was a top marksman) and the Turnverein community hall which sponsored an essay, active and popular young gymnastics group. The gymnastic exhibitions grew so popular with the city at large that they were ultimately held in resume with indesign, Courthouse Square, where a fair-like atmosphere surrounded it with German songs, bands and hearty German food. As the anti-German sentiment swept through the city, however, cross-cultural socializing became less frequent. German cultural affairs dwindled as the German-Americans, now calling themselves merely Americans, sought invisibility. They were already well known in the circle of their daily lives, however, with Ted and language essay, Marnie suffering through the taunts of schoolmates. This drew them closer together as they supported each other emotionally and worked out ways of coping with their being thrust into the social pale.

During this increasingly sensitive time, the German-American community did its best to show its support of on new America. Language. The gymnasium sent forty-seven of shakespeare essay its strongest and most able youth to war against Germany. English Language Evolution. The women and daughters spent afternoons knitting socks and afghans for American service men. In a continuing effort to write an essay on use and abuse reduce the english tensions, young Ted threw himself into the war effort, collecting tin foil, planting a Victory Garden of potatoes (which he forgot to apa 6 harvest) and, through his Boy Scout troop, selling Liberty Bonds. Thanks to english his grandfather Geisel, Ted, at age 14, ranked in shakespeare tempest essay questions, the top ten of Springfield scouts in bond sales. These scouts were recognized publicly in May 1918 in a public ceremony. The awards were passed out by then-Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, with thousands of townspeople thronging the huge Municipal Auditorium.

There, each scout was awarded his medal by Col. Roosevelt. English Language Essay. When Roosevelt got to Ted at the end of the write an essay on use line he stood perplexed, then yelled over to the scoutmaster What's this boy doing here? whereupon Ted was unceremoniously hustled off stage. Roosevelt had only been provided with nine medals and the flustered scoutmaster, rather than explaining things, just hustled Ted off stage, leaving psychological scars that would affect Ted for the rest of his life. Although he had never experienced it before, Ted at this point became terribly stage stricken and from that time on became horribly shy of public appearances, his fear of public appearances bordering on evolution, the neurotic. In Ted's thirteenth year, not only was the apa 6 a thesis possibility of war between U.S. and Germany growing increasingly certain, so too was the passage of the evolution essay Eighteenth Amendment: Prohibition. The future of the Kalmbach and a thesis, Geisel Brewery, the largest in english evolution, New England, faced economic ruin. Many of their Anglo neighbors were prohibitionists, thus worsening the tensions between them. (It was during this time that the Geisel family would engage in one of its elders' pastimes, plotting revenge and wickedness and practical jokes against their neighbors and other prohibitionists and hotel resume, stuffed shirts. The plots generated more laughter within the essay family than anything else as they were never carried out, but the residue of on new these family plottings show tell-tail traces in some of Seuss' later works published in Judge and other adult humor and general interest magazines.) Ted's first published cartoon was the winner of an advertising contest he entered when he was twelve years old.

In high school he became a prolific contributor of english essay 'grinds' (one-liners) and cartoons for the school paper, The Recorder. Most of the write early works were published under the pseudonym of english language evolution Peter Pessimist, including this one about tempest his least liked subject: It'll just be our luck to be in Latin class when they turn back the clocks. As the number of english language evolution his contributions grew, he adopted a second pseudonym under which work was published. This one he borrowed from write on use, his father and english, was to use it again many years later. His father first used it when playing the numbers as his mother was horrified that he might actually win and tempest questions, people would find out. Ted used it years later when he wrote the text for books that others then illustrated: Theo LeSeig, Geisel spelled backwards. In Dartmouth, and later in Oxford, Ted vacillated between being a college professor, English teacher, writer or artist, exploring his options in Oxford, Corsica and Paris. His wife-to-be, Helen, a classmate at Oxford, completed her studies in England and returned to the U.S. where she taught school in New Jersey. When Ted, then back in english language, the U.S., finally sold a cartoon to the Saturday Evening Post, he was motivated to move from his parent's home in Massachusetts to New York to try his hand as a cartoonist. He finally sold his first cartoon to group a humor magazine, Judge, and landed a job as staff writer there, as well.

Taking this as a sign that things were looking up, he and Helen were married. Still quite poor, they rented a dismal apartment across from a stable in the Hell's Kitchen area of New York. When the stable horses died, they would be pulled out of the stable and dumped off into the middle of the street, there to be left for english language, several days until picked up by the sanitation department. The magazine began having money problems, with staff sometimes being paid in goods given to the magazine by advertisers-one week Ted received 100 cartons of shaving cream; another time, 1,872 Little Gem nail clippers--so the Geisels stayed rather longer than they had anticipated in this particular location. Ted started doing a regular cartoon column--part fact, part fiction--for Judge.

To give it an air of professionalism, and wanting to save his own name for the great novel he still hoped to write one day, he signed it Dr. Theophrastus Seuss. Theophrastus was the name of a beloved stuffed toy dog he had had since early childhood, one which, like the pseudonym itself, would remain with Ted for the rest of his days. It was one of Ted's off-the-wall Seuss cartoons that landed him a (still above their means) Park Avenue apartment: A weary knight a-bed suddenly finds a dragon in essay group, his face. Darn it all, another dragon!

And just after I'd sprayed the language evolution whole castle with Flit. The wife of that popular pesticide product kept pestering her husband for two weeks before he finally called Ted, and thus started a popular advertising campaign and phrase, Quick, Henry! the Flit! Their new apartment had one benefit over their old digs at on new development Hell's Kitchen: there were fewer dead horses. However, with their phone number one digit away from that of the local fish market, they were not about to english essay make a lot of friends. every time someone called to order fish, Ted drew one on a piece of cardboard and had it delivered, never telling the hungry caller that they had reached a wrong number. The Geisels themselves ate out indesign regularly. Their lack of english language interest in things culinary dismayed Ted's mother when she found that the self only thing in their refrigerator was the cookbook she had given them for a wedding present.

Ted's mother died shortly after he started producing ads for Flit. That, combined with the fact that Flit was a spring and summer product and he was left with little to do the other seven months of the year, caused Ted to grow quite restless. Reviewing his contract with Flit, he found that one of the things he was not prevented from writing was children's books. In 1927 he wrote his first children's book, an ABC book, that was subsequently rejected by every publisher to whom it was submitted due to Ted's somewhat impractical approach. Ted had recently discovered colored inks and, with three different reds and about seventeen different blues, each book would have cost $150 a copy! Ted then turned away from children's books, doing more advertising for Flit and Shell Oil as well as continued to write for humor publications. Evolution Essay. When, by 1938, more than two dozen publishers had rejected his second children's book manuscript, entitled A Story That Can't Be Beat, Ted was depressed and essay group, fed up. After an editor claimed there was no moral or message to be found in english evolution, the book, nothing to essay group transform. English Language Evolution. children into good citizens, Ted fumed to on use and abuse of internet Helen: What's wrong with kids having fun reading without being preached at! Striding down the street after being rejected for the twenty-eighth time, crumpled Story manuscript jammed under his arm, he was on his way home to burn it when he bumped into evolution an old Dartmouth classmate, Mike McClintock.

Mike had, just three hours earlier, been appointed Children's Book Editor by Vanguard Press and was in a bind. Having sold himself to Vanguard as having many connections, he in fact had no manuscript to submit. They ran into each other, the manuscript changed hands, and several months later, U.S. children met a new doctor. (Ted was able to return the thesis development favor years later when, as one of Beginner Books' offerings in 1958, McClintock's A Fly Went By was published.) Despite being an expensive book for its day ($1), Mulberry Street quickly sold 10,000 copies, and Ted found that not only did he enjoy writing children's books, children enjoyed reading them. Vanguard made the same discovery, and thus a relationship was born. From that time on, Ted published at english language a rate of almost one book a year. After Mulberry Street came The 500 Hats Of Bartholemew Cubbins in 1938, The King's Stilts (and The Seven Lady Godivas, an adult book) in 1939, and Horton Hatches an Egg in apa 6 referencing a thesis, 1940, the latter books published by language evolution Ted's new editor at manager resume Random House. During these years, with the world at odds and the U.S.'s carefully preserved neutrality crumbling, he became increasingly active in producing political cartoons for PM, a noted political magazine. Film, Fraternization, and language, France.

In 1940, Ted accepted an offer to join the army and was assigned to Fort Fox, the army's instructional film unit based in Hollywood. With Indesign. There, Ted reported for work, in his custom-tailored-by-Brooks Brothers uniform, to make instructional and training films for english evolution essay, soldiers. Manager Hotel. His boss, Frank Capra, and Jack Jones, the essay animator responsible for such American characters as Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck, taught Ted to apa 6 referencing edit a script and bring film to life by leaving much behind on the editing room floor. His work won awards, including two Academy awards for the film, Hitler Lives in 1946 and a documentary on Japan in 1947. Ted credited both Capra and english evolution essay, Jones for teaching him the shakespeare tempest essay conciseness which brought so much to english essay his later children's writing. Ted came face to face with his dislike for authority and his German heritage when he wrote and edited Hitler Lives. It was this film which outlined the military's new no fraternization policy. The Nazi party, Ted wrote, may be gone, but Nazi thinking, Nazi training and Nazi trickery remain. The German lust for conquest is indesign not dead. trickery remains. English. You will not argue with them.

You will not be friendly. There must be no fraternization with any of the manager German people. Although Ted wrote and produced the film, and was required to english evolution hand-carry it throughout the European theatre to obtain the personal approval from every general behind the lines and at the front, this policy made him uncomfortable, not the least of which was due to resume heritage. He later worked to rescind this policy, joking with colleagues in language evolution essay, the service, Just be a good soldier. Leave the thesis product bungling to the State Department! One of his side trips through the war zone was planned by former PM boss Ralph Ingersoll. He drew a map route to get Ted and his military police escort around the english evolution essay fighting at Bastogne, but they took a wrong turn somewhere, ending up ten miles behind the on new product development enemy line the morning of the language evolution evening that the Battle of the Bulge erupted. They remained trapped in enemy territory until rescued by British troops three days later.

In Seussian rhythms, Ted recounted The retreat we beat was accomplished with a speed that will never be beat. Ted was in France on the first New Year's after the resume Allied forces occupation. Subdued despite the celebrations going on all around him, he walked through the english language rain down the Champs-Élysée to the Tomb of the Unknown soldier, scrawling on a piece of scrap paper a poem which began: If he had lived, he'd probably have been 45 or so. And he might have been standing here, saluting too. At the questions grave of. The Unknown Soldier. The joy all felt as the war ended was marred for language evolution, Ted with word that his sister, Marnie, had died at home of tempest essay coronary thrombosis after fighting years of depression and living reclusively. The war brought other changes for the Geisels. Ted decided that he liked living where he could do some early morning gardening in his pajamas, and Helen had begun writing books for Disney.

They decided to move permanently to english California, eventually buying a dilapidated look-out tower in the hills overlooking the tiny community of a thesis La Jolla. Ted wrote of this place: All the enlightened members of this community know about my books. but nobody in evolution essay, Southern California seems to keep 'em in stock. I gotta go out now and fight rattlesnakes, bees and man-eating rabbits in the patio. In 1948, the tower was mostly graffiti-filled with hearts and had closets full of beer bottles. They got rid of the beer bottles and referencing, most of the hearts, and the uppermost levels became Ted's hideaway office, nicknamed the bone pile, his term for all the sheets of discarded paper from his work on new books, each drawing done three or four times before inking the final drawing on heavy stock paper for the publisher. Love and Marriage. Helen Palmer Geisel was the driving force in their relationship, keeping everything together in english language evolution, the background while Ted worked.

She was also instrumental in the creative process, being his strongest editor and severest critic, biggest champion and the buffer between Ted and publishers and editors. She not only kept up her own writing career writing for Disney and Golden Books, she was intimately involved with Beginner Books, screening manuscripts, working with artists and authors, and trying to smooth the write an essay on use and abuse of internet choppy waters when Ted butted heads with writers and the rest of the Random House staff. When Helen was struck with complete paralysis and hospitalized for language evolution, months, Ted was lost in many ways. Resume. He had once complained All I want to do is to write books, and everybody's forever nagging at me to keep them, Unable to even make entries in their check book, bills went unpaid as he drifted from day to english evolution essay day, spending much of his time beside the silent Helen as she lay encased in a heart-lung machine, rigging up Seussian contraptions (a continuing reflection of his fascination with Rube Goldberg's fantastic contraptions) of mirrors so that she could see their dog outside. Whether he was truly absent minded or cunningly simple, he had through the years abrogated the hotel resume business and household affairs side of their life together completely to Helen. Though Helen recovered, she was never out of pain and english, never was able to work again at her former speed and shakespeare tempest essay questions, strength. She continued to strongly support Ted, helped run Beginner Books, traveled to different places around the english language world with Ted, and made her own contributions to children's literature (under her maiden name), but the on new product pain, fatigue and despair grew worse, even after their hiring an assistant to work with them at the Tower in La Jolla. Their close and loving relationship began to deteriorate as Helen could no longer provide the support, nurturing and protection Ted required to be able to freely create.

Finally, in an act that niece Peggy said was done out of absolute love for Ted, Helen committed suicide by overdose in the fall of 1967. Ted was not to remain alone for english essay, long. In August of the following year, he told a colleague My best friend is being divorced and I'm going to Reno to comfort his wife. Earlier in hotel, the spring of 1968, Audrey Stone Dimond told her husband, Grey, that she planned to leave him and english language evolution essay, marry Ted. The Geisels and the Dimonds had long been close friends, often entertaining with each other, attending numerous social events, going boating and vacationing together. Upon Audrey's announcement, Grey stood still, thinking it over a bit. 'Who, he asked finally, is going to do the driving? Why, I guess I will, Audrey replied, astonished. Good, he said. On Use Of Internet. I don't want any wife of mine marrying a man who drives the way Ted does.

Audrey, like Helen, handled Ted with gentle humor and patience. When Walter Retan, friend, kindred spirit from Random House and houseguest, had trouble one morning turning off the english language essay lights in the guest bathroom, he sought Ted's assistance. Manager. Ted came in and started flipping switches but to english essay no avail. Shrugging, finally, Ted called for Audrey. Audrey came in, pointed up to the skylight, laughed, and said You're trying to referencing a thesis turn off the sun! Ted constantly struggled against public appearances, often backing out at the last minute.

Audrey, as did Helen before her, cajoled and connived and did her best to get Ted out before the public. This became even more important as Ted's health began to decline. One such time, Audrey and old Dartmouth classmate Kenneth Montgomery conspired, not telling Ted that he was the commencement speaker at Lake Forest College's graduation until he was in the car on the way to the college. English. He scribbled notes on the way, this time writing in verse as it came more easily to him than prose. His talk was a huge success and verse became his formula for dealing with such commencements, awards dinners and resume, other events. Later that spring, to an American Booksellers Association meeting in language, Atlanta, Ted recited:

As everyone present undoubtedly knows. Due to a prenatal defect in my nose. (Which seems to shakespeare tempest essay get worse the longer it grows) I am completely incapable of speaking in prose. If I could speak prose. You would be in a fix. I'd harangue you poor people tilI a quarter to six about Watergate memoirs and Richard the Nix.

But I can't because Richard and language evolution, poetry don't mix. I've come to convey. In a most humble way. The thanks of all authors to the ABA. Were it not for our friends in the old ABA, Every one of us authors, I vouch safe to say, Would be engaged in the dry cleaning business today. Writing Influences, Inspirations. Ted's mother, with all the reading and encouragement to read and apa 6 a thesis, create she gave Ted, was his first literary influence.

The sounds and absurdities of language, from both the German spoken at home and the English spoken outside the home, were also sources of english essay inspiration for many of Ted's flights of apa 6 referencing a thesis fantasy. In high school, Ted's literary ventures were fed by english language Edwin Red Smith, his young English teacher. Considered fun and unpretentious, Smith made a great impression on write an essay and abuse, much of Central High School's students, encouraging many to apply to college, especially to Dartmouth, his recent alma mater. Through Smith, Ted discovered the French-born English author Hillaire Belloc and english essay, grew to love the apa 6 referencing rhythm of Belloc's verses, including: As a Friend to language the children, commend me the Yak. You will find it exactly the product development thing: It will carry and english evolution, fetch, you can ride on its back,

Or lead it about with a string. In interviews as well as casual encounters, Ted often joked about where he got his inspiration, regaling listeners with tales of travel to the Arizona desert to pick ideas from the apa 6 referencing heads of english retired thunderbirds (though admittedly with no idea as to where the thunderbirds got them), the reality was often less, or more, strange. While at home, he would resort to putting on on new product, one of language essay his many hats. When out doing errands or traveling around the world, chance encounters, even sounds, were enough to start the creative process. Staring at the back of a man wearing a bowler on a train was the manager hotel resume genesis for The 500 Hats of Bartholemew Cubbins; the sound of the laboring engines of a ship fighting stormy seas sounded, to Teds' ears, like And to Think That I Saw it on Mulberry Street. The amiable complaint of a water-logged and very muddied soldier of Why is it always rain?

Why can't anything else come down eventually became Bartholemew and the Oobleck. (Oobleck apparently struck a chord with children through the english essay years, making a frequent appearance in the form of the green slime that regularly hits characters on some of the children's shows produced for the Nickelodeon channel.) Character names were also of resume interesting origin. English Evolution Essay. Some were words that came naturally from his childhood; between the Come back and essay self group, guzzle brewery and a sister self-named Marnie Mecca Ding Ding Guy, it should be no wonder that one of his first creations was named the Wynnmph. The Grinch, however, was so named because, as Ted said, I just drew him and looked at him, and it was obvious to me who he was. In a 1957 issue of Life Magazine, writer John Hershey criticized the Dick and Jane readers, saying that Dr. Seuss could write better beginning readers for kids. Whether he was serious or not, Ted took it seriously enough to contact his publisher and got a list of 223 easy-to-read words. His first book, The Cat in the Hat came about because cat and hat were the english first two words on questions, the list that rhymed. Ted thought it would be a simple matter to turn out a book, but seven months and much throwing of the manuscript across the room [another thinking cap technique] later, the book was sent off to the publisher. While it did not sell well at schools, it was a hit in the bookstores. The New York Herald literary review wrote: We were afraid that the english essay limitations Dr.

Seuss put upon himself might have shackled his marvelous inventiveness. Quite the shakespeare tempest essay questions contrary. Restricting his vocabulary#133;and shortening the verse story has given a certain riotous unity#133;that is pleasing. Green Eggs and Ham had similar literary origins, with Ted's Random House editor and friend, Bennett Cerf, setting Ted another literary challenge, betting him $50 that he couldn't write a book using only essay fifty simple words. Resume. The success of these books led to Random House creating a whole new division of books. Ted was hired as the president of this new venture, called Beginner Books, whose logo was the Cat in the Hat. The inspiration for one book needed no explanation amongst Ted's friends and language, associates. In 1985, invigorated by self help group his reception by the graduating class at Princeton, he went back home and started You're Only Old Once!, a book which helped exorcise his health care demons by portraying the english evolution medical field and age from his unique perspective. A fragment of his writing for this, his forty-fifth book, illustrates the way he wrote in general, with a slapdash, fill-in-the-blanks sort of product approach that nonetheless took hours, even months, until Ted would be satisfied with the effect: I remember hearing my grandfather speak of a (blank) that is old at the end of evolution essay one week. And a Nutchworm that's old at the end of an apa 6 referencing a thesis, hour.

And after three minutes a (something) feels sour. (BLANK BLANK something)#133;reckoned. There were some germs who get ancient in only one second. Ted wrote another book on a dare, one that was published not by a book publisher but in Art Buckwald's column. Buchwald sent Ted a copy of language evolution his book, I Never Danced At The White House, and an essay on use of internet, dared him to language essay write a political book. Ted grabbed a copy of Marvin K. Manager Hotel. Mooney, Will You Please Go Now! and, knowing the fireworks were already going off at Random House, Ted told Buchwald to go ahead and run it anyway. On August 8, 1974, Buchwald's syndicated column thus began:

Richard M. Nixon, will you please go now! The time has come. The time is english language essay now. I don't care how. You can go by shakespeare tempest essay questions foot. You can go by cow. Richard M. Nixon, will you please go now!

You can go on skates. You can go on skis. You can go in a hat. Nine days later, Nixon announced his resignation. Buchwald claimed credit, Ted claimed intent, and both bemoaned the fact that they hadn't collaborated sooner. In later years, Ted took a philosophical view of his time at english Dartmouth. English and writing was my major, he said, but I think that's a mistake for anybody. Referencing A Thesis. That's teaching you the language evolution essay mechanics of getting water out of a well that may not exist.

It was, however, while at Dartmouth that Ted made the discovery that writing and drawing were two sides of the apa 6 referencing a thesis same coin: I began to get it through my skull that words and pictures were Yin and Yang. that, married, [they] might produce a progeny more interesting than either parent. It took me almost a quarter of a century to language evolution find the proper way [to do it]. At Dartmouth, I couldn't even get them engaged. I f It Looks Like A Duck. In Ted's case, it was probably a goat. Calling his drawing exaggerated mistakes, Ted once said that he drew the way he did because he couldn't draw. Ted submitted drawings for a billboard that included, as requested, the write on use of internet image of a goat. The advertising executive stared at it, puzzled, and said that it looked more like a duck. So Ted drew a duck, resubmitted it - and evolution, the ad exec thought it was a great goat. Kids exaggerate the same way I do.

They overlook things they can't draw, their pencils slip, and an essay and abuse, they get funny effects. I've learned to incorporate my pencil slips into language my style. A child's idea of art, Ted believed, was pen-and-ink outlines filled in with flat color, with no modulation or subtlety#133;that's the way kids see things. One of write on use Ted's favorite comments about his work was by art critic and poet Karla Kuskin, who wrote that Ted's characters all have slightly batty, oval eyes and a smile you might find on the Mona Lisa after her first martini. While many praised Ted's illustration, others put them down as mere 'cartoonery.' Chuck Jones was awed by Ted's imagery and language, use of questions color and line and the complexity of his drawings, calling him the children's M.C. Escher. Though Ted once put down his art work as a sort of psychosis deterrent#133;to keep from going batty, he tried to divorce himself from critical review by not selling his works. No sales meant no critics or patrons to language judge them. It was only after Ted had been seriously ill for a number of years that he felt the and abuse of internet press of time and a deepened desire for critical acclaim and evolution essay, so agreed to a retrospective of his work which was initially staged at the Museum of Art in San Diego. Ted was an iconoclast, a stiff breeze blowing through the staid halls of children's literature. With drawings more cartoon- or comic book-like than what had been considered illustrations, Ted was also among the apa 6 first to english language evolution put drawings on equal par with the text.

His books enabled both readers and tempest questions, nonreaders to follow the english language action and write an essay on use, the story. In 1949, Ted was invited to lecture at a writer's conference. Contrary to his nervousness at such events, he launched himself into english language it with enthusiasm. Referencing A Thesis. Ted spent weeks researching the subject, making, for him, a scholarly effort at defining the structure of his beliefs. He felt classical mythology was lost on children, leaving them only with the vivid images making up such myths. Æsop was too cold, too abstract, too mathematical and intellectual, while the Illiad was too complicated. The Odyssey was exciting, Robin Hood rewarding for its great trickery, and language evolution, Robinson Crusoe fulfilled what Ted identified as chiIdren's seven basic needs: love, security, belonging to, to achieve, to know, to shakespeare questions change, and aesthetics. He found particularly appealing the Victorian era tales by Hans Christian Anderson, Robert Louis Stevenson and the flesh and blood characters of evolution essay Mark Twain. Most of the an essay on use and abuse of internet time, Ted never even thought of himself as a children's author. English Language Evolution Essay. He simply did what he did: drew pictures and wrote rhymes. Honing his style with his first books, driving himself (and the other authors writing for self, Beginning Books) to mercilessly high quality standards, his style remained essentially unchanged through the years. Other than his brief stint at research in 1949, Ted basically never considered that he was writing for children.

He was happy that adults and children loved and bought his books, but he wrote and drew to amuse himself. No matter the english many changes he went through, his books, for resume, all their boisterous and subversive trickery, were comfortably constant in some basics: Might never makes right; the meek shall inherit the english essay earth; and pride frequently goeth before a fall. Ted was frequently horrified, appalled, and and abuse, outraged at the volumes of often pretentious scholarly print dedicated to his writing, the language evolution essay theses, dissertations and thesis on new product development, book chapters written about his children's books. Only one captured his heart and support. Terry Cronan, a psychology professor, had developed a literacy program using African-American and language, Hispanic students as tutors. The tutors visited low-income families, brought them Seuss books, and helped them build a book case in which the books were housed, with them often being the thesis development only books in the house. English Evolution Essay. Cronan favored Ted's books, she said, because of their rhythms and repetition and their asexual and ethnic-free characters. Ted's British publisher had much the same feeling, observing that. Ted's books were popular in British adult literacy programs. Ted's relationship with his young readers was instinctive. Some critics, pointing out his revolutionary style, his sometimes antiauthoritarian writing, and on use and abuse, his wildly disorderly yet personable style, said that he took the english language side of children.

Ted confirmed this in an interview, stating: I'm subversive as hell! I've always had a mistrust of adults. [And] one reason I dropped out of apa 6 a thesis Oxford and the Sorbonne was that I thought they were taking life too damn seriously. Ted was as hard on english, other writers as he was himself. Resume. This often caused problems at Beginner Books as he took writers to task. He laid down strict standards (only one illustration on a page, text should not describe anything that wasn't pictured so that children could work out the english essay story from the illustrations themselves; each pair of interfacing pages had to essay questions work as an interlocking unit). English Evolution Essay. Books, said Ted, were an thesis on new development, art form that grew increasingly complex as it was directed to younger and younger audiences. Many authors complained that Ted and Helen wanted all books to look like Ted's; none did and language evolution, many authors left for other publishing houses. One team of writers did stick it out and, through a love-hate relationship with Ted as their editor, turned out a not inconsiderable body of work that Ted, despite his dislike for series, himself named the Berenstain Bears. In an interview around his seventy-fifth birthday, Ted told the development writer for the Los Angeles Times Book Review I tend to basically exaggerate in life, and in writing, it's fine to exaggerate. I really enjoy overstating for the purpose of getting a laugh. It's very flattering, that laugh, and at the same time it gives pleasure to essay the audience and accomplishes more than writing very serious things.

For another thing, writing is easier than digging ditches. Well, actually that's an exaggeration. Hotel. It isn't. Oh, The Thinks You Can Think! In an interview in Time, Ted said that if [you don't] get imagination as a child, you probably never will. He also told the interviewer that he regarded the word lists that he once used to write The Cat in the Hat and english language evolution essay, Green Eggs and Ham as hogwash as children's vocabularies had now far surpassed those limited lists due to write and abuse of internet the influences of television and language essay, such programs as Seseme Street. Ted and Maurice Sendak appeared at an art exhibition of Sendak's work at the Museum of Art in San Diego.

It was the first time the men had met. When asked if they liked their characters, both responded quite negatively. If my characters gave me a dinner party, I wouldn't show up, Ted answered. Write Of Internet. If we lived with them, said Sendak, we'd be in the madhouse. Writing is a way to exorcise them. Joan Knight worked as Ted's part time secretary from 1971-1973 during which time she answered his fan mail.

Readers wrote him, treating him like a philosopher, trying to interpret what he wrote, trying to english language essay get him to say he was preaching some unsaid message, but he never would. All he wanted was for development, people to language evolution essay read. One exception to this was The Lorax, the first book in which he purposely set out to write to convey a message. He wanted it unlike what he felt to be the heavy-handed books already in existence about conservation and the environment. Apa 6 A Thesis. The Lorax, with the Truffula trees inspired by the trees dotting the African landscape that he looked upon while penning the essay book in Kenya, was the first book he set out to write to communicate a deeply felt philosophy. Despite his claim, however, many readers do find the stories dealing subtly with racial prejudice, greed, fear of the unknown, integrity, and, of course, the thesis on new product development perils of uninvited guests.

In 1984, Ted's cancer worsened. As he perceived the world about him heading once again into english language dangerous waters, he began The Butter Battle Book, taking a controversial position in the age of Reganomics and shakespeare essay, Star Wars defense systems. Evolution Essay. Some protested the essay questions brainwashing, others the ambiguous ending. In response to such a letter, Ted's secretary responded: If there was a happy ending in reality, then there would have been no need to write this book. The book tells the truth and language, the truth is our only hope. [it] is the shakespeare tempest essay questions most important contribution Dr.

Seuss has made in his many years of giving children something to think about. The book took off in language evolution essay, the U.S. and in Britain, and soon foreign editions appeared, first in Japan, then in Israel. Only after its popularity was assured, however, did Random House agree to print Maurice Sendak's endorsement on thesis on new, the cover of essay subsequent editions: Surprisingly, wonderfully, the case for total disarmament has been brilliantly made by our acknowledged master of help nonsense, Dr. Seuss. Evolution. . .Only a genius of the ridiculous could possibly deal with the cosmic and lethal madness of the nuclear arms race.. .He has done the world a great service. In late 1990, Ted's biographers asked if, after all that he had said in his books, there was anything left unsaid. Several days later, Ted handed them a sheet of paper on which he had written: Any message or slogan? Whenever things go a bit sour in a job I'm doing, I always tell myself, You can do better than this. The best slogan I can think of to leave with the kids of the U.S.A. would be: 'We can#133;and we've got to. do better than this.'

With all his words and pleas for sanity, his opposition to the arms race, illiteracy, prejudice, pollution and greed, Ted was speaking to everyone, not just children. First Helen, then Audrey, tried repeatedly to resume with get Ted to stop smoking. Fighting this ever losing battle, Ted resorted to bribes and trickery, going so far as to linger in the dining room after the other guests had left so he could sneak the cigarettes off the table, secreting them for later. Slipping friend Duke Johnson some money while out to dinner one night, asking him to get a pack of cigarettes, Duke refused. I thought you were my friend, Ted snapped. Language. That's the self point, said Duke, I am. The occasion of Ted's seventy-fifth birthday set off a round of interviews, exhibitions, and library celebrations. Smoking incessantly throughout the interviews, Ted nonetheless quickly snubbed out the cigarettes for photo sessions because, he said, children's book authors never smoke. As little as Ted cared to be around children, he was still acutely aware of their observations and english, strove to maintain his naturally nurturing and avuncular appearance for them.

The year 1975 saw the thesis product start of a five-year battle with glaucoma, cataracts, and transient blindness as the condition waxed and waned and Ted underwent numerous surgeries. His prior years of english language evolution essay intense involvement in the publishing of his books stood him in good stead. Though he could no longer see, he was still able to be quite specific about the colors to tempest essay be used in the illustrations of the english language book waiting to resume be published: he had long ago memorized the color charts and so could specify color numbers and the modifications made to the colors to attain the exact hues and tones he wanted. In the summer of 1981, as Ted began work on Bunches of Hunches, Ted and language evolution essay, Audry attended a dinner party. Manager. Audry had previously arranged with their hostess to ban smoking at english the table. Ted picked up the thesis on new development no smoking card from evolution, his table, set it afire, and sent it to the hostess on a tray. The next day he awoke with indigestion. Questions. Audry, a former nurse, checked his blood pressure.

When he complained of the same ill feeling the next day, she had him admitted to the hospital where he was found to have had a minor heart attack. English Language Evolution Essay. Always healthy and fit, Ted's doctor made only one recommendation for reform in Ted's lifestyle: no more smoking. Ted resurrected his old pipe, filled it with radish seeds and sphagnum moss, and write on use of internet, whenever he wanted a cigarette, he watered his pipe with an eyedropper. The most difficult time, he said, was not being able to light up a cigarette when he answered the phone, thus having no crutch with which to ease the embarrassment of language evolution essay talking to someone. In 1983, during a routine dental appointment, a small lesion was found at the base of referencing a thesis his tongue; it was later confirmed to be a malignancy of a type linked to language essay smoking and drinking. Thus began a series of surgeries to remove great masses of tongue, tissue and muscle following a sickening course of chemo- and radiation therapy. Typical of Ted, very few in the inner circle of friends and associates knew about what was happening for some time. Write And Abuse Of Internet. Thus began years of surgeries, illness, and waning strength. On Sept 24, 1991, Ted died at home in his studio, steps away from his drawing board and color charts, stubs of pencils and english evolution, pots of ink and his closet full of hats, Audrey and shakespeare, Theophrastus by his side. In a perceptive review that both charmed and english language evolution, startled Ted, critic Clifton Fadiman wrote that Ted provided ingenious and resume, uniquely witty solutions to the standing problem of the juvenile fantasy writer: how to find, not another Alice, but another rabbit hole. . English Evolution. .He may have a complete set of private despairs he fondles lovingly in the dark.. .he may have a dandy buried life#133;[but] it is not reflected in any of the delightful children's books he has written#133;he is not using his books for any purpose beyond entertaining himself and his readers#133;

Fadiman did not have the benefit of reading Ted's biography, compiled during the last years of his life. As I read through some of apa 6 referencing these books, it is clear to language essay me, at least, that Ted Geisel did play out in essay help, writing some of the language evolution essay themes of his life and worked through, if not completely exorcised, many of the demons that fired and inspired his life, art, philosophy, and writing. The Lorax, The Butter Battle Book, and resume, You're Only Old Once! Are but three of the most obvious of english language essay these books; with his attempt to wake up the an essay on use and abuse children, if not their parents, to the needs to preserve the ear and our sanity, and to rail against old age and the fears that accompany the betrayal of the body. Searching deep in darkened places, Reaching into vacant spaces, I touch only language shadow faces#133; Empty caves in endless mountains,

Dusty, dry deserted fountains#133; Pathless, groping, I move hoping. Past songless birds on lifeless trees. Cross waveless oceans, silent seas, Through fumbling nights that find no day, I move and manager resume, try to find my way. - Theodor Seuss Geisel, 1990. 1937 And to Think That I Saw It All on language evolution essay, Mulberry Street. 1938 The 500 Hats of referencing Bartholemew Cubbins.

1939 The Seven Lady God ivas* The King's Stilts. 1940 Horton Hatches an Egg. 1941-1946 WWII hiatus. 1947 McElligot's Pool (Caldicott Honor Book) 1948 Thidwick and The Big-Hearted Moose. 1949 Bartholemew and the Oobleck (Caldicott Honor Book) 1950 If I Ran the Zoo (Caldicott Honor Book) 1951 Gerald McBoing-Boing (animated film) 1953 The 5,000 Fingers of Dr. T Scrambled Egg Super!

1954 Horton HearsaWho. 1955 On Beyond Zebra. If I ran the Circus. 1957 The Cat in the Hat. How the Grinch Who Stole Christmas 1958 Yertle the Trutle and Other Stories. The Cat in language essay, the Hat Came Back.

Happy Birthday to You. 1960 One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish Green Eggs and Ham. 1961 The Sneetches and Other Stories Ten Apples Up On Top. 1962 Dr. Seuss's Sleep Book. 1963 Hop on Pop. 1963 Dr.

Seuss's ABC Book. 1964 The Cat in the Hat Dictionary* 1965 Fox in Socks. 1965 I Had Trouble Getting to Solla Sollew. 1965 I Wish that I had Duck Feet**

1967 The Cat in the Hat Songbook* 1968 The Foot Book. 1968 The Hand Book. 1968 The Eye Book** 1969 I Can Lick 30 Tigers Today! and apa 6 referencing, Other Stories. 1969 I Can Draw It Myself!

1969 Mr. Brown Can Moo! Can You? 1969 My Book About Me* 1971 The Lorax (NCSS Notable Children's Trade Book) 1971 I Can Write!: A Book by english evolution Me, MyseIf** 1972 In a People House** 1972 Marvin K. Mooney, Will You Please Go Now! 1974 The Shape of Me and manager resume, Other Stuff.

1974 There's a Wocket in My Pocket. 1974 Did I Ever Tell You How Lucky You Are? 1974 The Many Mice of Mr. Brice** 1974 Wacky Wednesday** 1974 Great Day for english evolution essay, Up!* 1975 Oh, The Thinks You Can Think! 1975 Would You Rather Be A Bullfrog?** 1976 The Cat's Quizzer. 1978 I Can Read With My Eyes Shut! 1979 Oh, Say Can You Say?

1982 Hunches in Bunches. 1984 The Butter Battle Book. 1986 You're Only Old Once. 1987 I Am Not Going To Get Up Today! 1989 Oh, The Places You'll Go! * Written by Dr. Manager. Seuss. ** Written by Theo. Language Evolution Essay. LeSeig. Research included the following works. Dr.

Seuss from Then to Now: A Catalog of the on new product Retrospective Exhibition. 1986. English Language Evolution. San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA. pp.95. Lystad, Mary. From Dr. Matherto Dr. Seuss: 200 Years of American Books for Children. 1980.

Schenkman Publishing Co., Inc. Cambridge, MA. pp. 264. Marshall, Richard (ed.). The Tough Coughs As He Ploughs the Dough. Group. 1987. William Morrow and Company, New York, NY. pp. 143.

Morgan, Judith, and Neil Morgan. Dr. Seuss and Mr. Geisel. 1995. Random House Inc., New York, NY. pp. 346. Weidt, Maryann N. 1994. Oh, The Places He Went.

Carolrhoda Books, Inc., Minneapolis MN. pp. 64. 1994-2014 Melissa Kaplan or as otherwise noted by other authors of articles on this site.

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250 word essay meme There are questions that drive teachers crazy: #8220;Will this be on language essay the test?#8221; As a teacher of writing, I am often plagued by the question, #8220;#8221;How long does this have to with be?#8221; The question reminds me of the anecdote in William E. Curtis#8217;s The True Abraham Lincoln. Language Evolution Essay? The President was traveling by train with Stephen A. Douglas and Owen Lovejoy. These two men were notably dissimilar in body shape. On New Product Development? Douglas had a long upper body and short legs, while Lovejoy had proportionately long legs. They were teasing each other regarding their physiques and asked Honest Abe to english settle the essay dispute: #8220;How long should a man#8217;s legs be?#8221; they asked.

He allegedly responded, I have not given the matter much consideration, but on essay first blush I should judge they ought to be long enough to write and abuse reach from his body to essay the ground. Essay Group? By basing the grade, even in part, on the number of words a paper contains, teachers communicate that excess verbiage is a good thing. It#8217;s a silly answer to an even sillier question. And it#8217;s why I#8217;m tempted to answer students, #8220;Papers should always be long enough to get from the beginning all the way to the end.#8221; Those who have had school experiences certainly remember being assigned papers of expressed length: 500 words, 800 words, 1,000 words. This idea is so familiar to us that it has become part of english essay, our educational instincts: Write a 500-word essay on write an essay on use the French Revolution . The reason classroom teachers assign papers of a required #8212; though arbitrary #8212; length is pragmatic. Teachers must grade fairly, so it is necessary to language evolution establish a baseline for how much work is expected of them.

Otherwise, Susie Studious would turn in apa 6 a thesis a 20-page paper while Abby Apathy would turn in a page and a half. There#8217;s no way to language evolution equitably assign a grade to projects that have required such disparate levels of effort. So, teachers have to be clear about how much work is expected. The problem with this is that it reinforces bad writing habits. It literally encourages wordiness. You remember how it went: You write the paper and count the thesis development words: 465 #8212; thirty-five short . What do you do? Seek an additional illustration to support your argument? Heck, no! You go back and add as many words as possible to your existing sentences.

Instead of saying, The French Revolution failed to bring about a classless, egalitarian society, In the opinion of english language essay, this writer, the Revolution that took place in France in the 18th Century completely and utterly failed in its primary objective, which was to on new product bring about a society where there are no social classes and all people are treated with total equality. There. You just turned a simple eleven-word sentence into a sprawling forty-six worder. Conscientious and observant teachers call this padding and penalize it, but what they often fail to realize is that the very nature of the assignment encourages this kind of blather. By basing the grade, even in part, on the number of english language, words a paper contains, teachers communicate that excess verbiage is thesis product development, a good thing. WriteAtHome assignments come with suggested length in terms of pages. Evolution? For example, we may suggest a report be two to three pages long. Resume? Originally, we didn#8217;t include this information, but we were so bombarded by questions about essay required length that we caved.

It was easier to give a guideline than tell the Abraham Lincoln story. The truth is, we think a paper#8217;s length should be determined by its content and purpose, not arbitrarily prescribed. Some stories just take longer to tell than others. Some topics require more explanation. Some arguments demand more detail to questions be convincing. English Language Evolution? Since we are working with individual writers in a tutorial program (rather than a competitive, graded, classroom context), we are under no pressure to level the playing field arbitrarily. This allows us to encourage concise, economical writing rather than excessively verbose writing. Manager Hotel Resume? So when a student asks, #8220;How long does this have to be?#8221; we can answer: Just long enough and language no more . Your comments are welcome. Please respond below with your thoughts and questions. Brian Wasko Brian is the founder and president of One of his passions is to teach young people how to write better.

View all posts by Brian Wasko. My teacher used to say #8220;how long is a piece of string, it is hotel resume, how long you need it to english language be#8221; Hello My name is Alexis.For 9 years now I am in The Middle East as being an referencing ESL teacher.I#8217;m. searching for something like this for english evolution, my EFL group for. way too long. I#8217;m happy I#8217;ve found your web page while looking for present perfect ideas, there are wide range of ideas.I#8217;m so pleased. to know such a great website at hand! Thanks! Glad I can help, Alexis.

I agree with you, Brian. Holistically, this is the essay help way assignments should be administered. However, there are plenty of evolution, students out there who would find a way to group take advantage of this system. If they didn#8217;t get a good grade because their content wasn#8217;t sufficient enough length-wise to get their point across in an intelligent way, they might be able to protest if the syllabus doesn#8217;t say anything specific about length. This could be a serious problem as some professors may bend to students wills so as to avoid poor reviews, eliminating the good intention of this theory of yours. Of course, it could be avoided if the university/school set up some sort of policy protecting professors from being taken advantage of in the aforementioned way. What do you think?

I agree, but might I offer a varied perspective: I learned how to write precisely *because* of the 500 word essay. Evolution? Our HS Honors English teacher would regularly assign papers with the following instructions: #8220;For tomorrow, write a one page, highly persuasive essay comparing Hamlet with Pac-Man. I must be convinced by whatever arguments that you make.#8221; There were other non-standard and out of the box style instructions, but you get the point. The idea was to manager learn how to be brief, pithy, and evolution effectively argumentative. With Indesign? We struggled. We pulled our hair out. Most of us got low grades to start with. The teacher would even gently critique papers in front of the class.

Yet as the language weeks went on, critique turned increasingly to praise, grades went up, and 30 young men learned how to on new write. For a particularly wordy writer/speaker like myself, it was also a blessing in english evolution disguise. I am grateful for these insensitive, unreasonable 500 word papers, and every article I publish now bears their mark. Thanks, Mark. You apparently had an exceptionally good teacher. I don#8217;t believe, however, that the arbitrary minimum of manager, 500 words had much to do with the english language essay effectiveness of his assignments. Let#8217;s see. Both Hamlet and Pac-man were haunted by ghosts. Both had to adroitly maneuver to avoid those who would kill them#8230;.That#8217;s all I got.

I#8217;m glad I didn#8217;t take that class. Hotel? #128578; Thanks a bunch for english, sharing this with all folks you actually recognise what you are speaking approximately! Bookmarked. Kindly also visit my website =). We may have a hyperlink alternate agreement between us. at first hello sir. I am using the referencing English language as a second language so that I a m facing lots of english evolution, questions and problems. may I need your cooperation. Almost every writing book I#8217;ve ever read has said something to the effect of, #8220;Forget everything you learned in high school about thesis product writing#8221; especially in english language evolution essay regards to word counts and verbosity. Fortunately, I didn#8217;t have to relearn anything because I learned it right the first time around!

As a college writing tutor, I am almost daily faced with word count questions and issues. Indesign? When a professor dictates a minimum word count (as usual), the student and I search together for ways to include pertinent description and more concrete examples instead of language essay, artificially attempting to add wordiness which does nothing to clarify. I am also grateful for the helps I have learned from you and shakespeare tempest Write at Home regarding wordiness. English? That#8217;s great, Merri. Too bad most student writers don#8217;t have access to such wise writing advice.

I used to answer this question by thesis product development, saying: #8220;As long as it takes to evolution essay be good.#8221; Although I agree teachers shouldn#8217;t be sticklers about word count, there are times when word count does matter. For example: college and scholarship application essays, submitting to an op-ed or story contest. As a professional writer, I frequently have to trim my essays or stories because they are over the word limit stated in write on use and abuse the publication guidelines. Students should also develop a feel for the length of evolution, a piece. They should know that 1000 words is about 3-5 pages. Hotel? If they want to submit their work, there will almost always be a word count minimum and maximum. Good points, Evelyn. I completely agree. And now, in english the middle of college applications, all of which contain writing supplements of 650, 500, or 250 word counts, I agree even more! #128578; However, being the wordy writer (and terrible editor) that I am, I find it more difficult to stay within the limits the word count than to resume reach it. #128539; I have fewer concerns about maximum word counts.

Having to cut words is a good exercise. It#8217;s minimum word counts that teach bad habits with young people. I am currently a middle aged male in college training for a second career. I am in college comp which, as you know, is a ton of english language, writing. My question is, I don#8217; t know the an essay and abuse basics of language, writing, such as punctuation, structure of shakespeare tempest essay questions, a sentence, etc, and my instructor is english language evolution, very vague on instruction, I#8217;m lost on write on use and abuse of internet so many things, can you help me or point me to someone who can? Sure, Brett. My blog has a Free Resource page that includes a good number of useful articles addressing basic composition, punctuation, etc. But, generally speaking, Google can be your best friend here. English Evolution Essay? If you are unsure of an issue or need help with grammar, do a search and you are likely to find plenty of on new development, good resources. Here#8217;s a well-trafficked site with tons of basic grammar instruction:

It#8217;s a bit dated in terms of english, design, but it#8217;s loaded with basic information and was created by a community college professor. If you run into particular questions that you can#8217;t find answers for, feel free to post a question to thesis on new product my Facebook page or send me a private message there: Hope that helps! I noticed that is offering a free writing course for those who need help with writing basics. You might check in to language evolution essay it. That#8217;s great to hear, Emily.

I really liked this paper it made me think of development, what I should put in my 500 word essay and I was hitting a road block at 465. Thanks alot. Leave a Reply Click here to language evolution cancel reply. If you like a post, please take a second to click like, and comment as often as you like.

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The History Of The English Language

essay tempest Copyright Ian Johnston, Malaspina University-College, 1996. [The following is the text of a short lecture delivered, in part, in Liberal Studies 302 on February 28, 1996] Today I wish to provide something of a short introduction to Shakespeare's Tempest, first, by acknowledging some of the interpretative richness of this play and, second, by proffering an approach which I find particular interesting and appealing. Then, we will have two other initial takes on the play, so that by the end of language evolution, these short lectures you should have a better idea of help, some of the ways in which one might begin to shape an interpretation.

Let me begin by acknowledging an interesting point about this play: interpretations of the Tempest tend to be shaped quite strongly by the particular background which the interpreter brings to it. This point sounds like a truism (and it is), but I simply want to point to the fact that this play, more so than many others, tends to bring out in interpreters what their particular interests are in a way that other plays often do not. At least that has been my experience. In part, this happens because this play puts a good deal of pressure on english language evolution essay us to treat it allegorically, that is, to find a conceptual framework which will coordinate our understanding of what goes on on use and abuse in the play. I think we feel this mainly because there is little complex characterization in the Tempest (except perhaps for the figure of Prospero himself) and language, there are many elements which we cannot simply account for by taking the action naturalistically. So we want to know what they stand for: What exactly is shakespeare essay Prospero's magic? What does Caliban represent? Is the island a representation of the new world or a world of the language evolution essay, imagination or something else? And so on.

The answers to these questions, in my experience, tend to depend upon the major interests of the person seeking to understand the play. So, for example, those, like me, with a strong interest in reading Shakespeare and a lively interest in theatrical productions of Shakespeare, tend to emphasize the extent to which the resume indesign, main focus in language essay, the Tempest is on the nature of manager, art and illusion, especially theatrical art. This tendency is powerfully reinforced by the fact that this play is almost certainly Shakespeare's last full work, that the Tempest is, in effect, his farewell to the stage. No doubt there is a certain sentimentality in language evolution essay, this view (certainly in a thesis, my case there is). People with a strong interest in politics, however, often take a different slant, and see the play as having less to english language do with an exploration of theatre than with a probing artistic analysis of important political issues, especially those relevant to an essay on use of internet the oppression of the inhabitants of the new world or to the relationship between the intellectual and the political world. So, for example, the play has been presented as a statement about colonial attitudes in the third world or as an exploration about the role of the intellectual in post-glasnost Poland. English Essay! Other interpreters dismiss those suggestions and see in the play a vital exploration of write and abuse of internet, education (the nature versus nurture dispute) or theories of language evolution, politics or knowledge or whatever. What we want to tempest questions do today is give you a sample of three different short takes on the play.

None of these will be elaborated at length, but the talks may provide some useful topics for the seminar groups to pursue. English Evolution! This lecture is thus the manager hotel, lead off in a trio of initial possibilities. The Tempest as an Exploration of the Nature of Art. I want to begin with a very obvious point. English Language Evolution Essay! The Tempest is a very theatrical play, that is, it is obviously a wonderful vehicle for displaying the full resources of the theatre: action, special effects, music, dancing, storms, and so on. Anyone who wants a Shakespearean play to produce mainly as an extravagant theatrical tour de force (say, a rock and roll extravaganza or an opera) would turn naturally to this play, which is rivaled only by Midsummer Night's Dream in a thesis, this respect. And a number of modern productions have stressed mainly that element, without bothering about anything else (McTheatre approach to english language evolution the play).

That is clearly a legitimate approach; after all, a well delivered theatrical extravaganza can make a satisfying night of theatre. And it is clear that The Tempest does depend for much of its effectiveness on shakespeare tempest essay a wide range of special effects- -sound, lighting, fantastic visions, a whole realm of magic. But I think there's more to the theatricality of the english language, play than just its style. Essay Group! In my view, a central issue of the Tempest is an exploration into the nature of theatre itself. To give you a sense of what I mean, let me mention two questions that puzzled me about this play when I first read it.

The first is this: If Prospero's power is so effective against language evolution essay his opponents as it appears to be, then why didn't he use it back in Milan to shakespeare tempest essay avoid having to be exiled in the first place? And the english essay, second one, which arises naturally from that first one, is this: Given that Prospero is so keen on his magic and takes such delight in it and that it gives him so much power, why does he abandon it before returning to Milan? I puzzled over these questions until I came to what seems to manager me the evolution essay, most satisfying answer. It is a very obvious one: the magic does not work in Milan; it is effective only on the island, away from the resume with, Machiavellian world of the language evolution, court, where plotting against each other, even against one's own family, for the sake of political power is the order of the day and where, if you take your mind off the political realities for very long, you may find yourself in a boat with a load of books heading to an unknown exile. Prospero's magic can only become effective in a special place, a world of spirits, of illusion, song, and enchantment, on a magic island--in other words, in the theatre. After all, look what happens in this play. Write An Essay On Use And Abuse Of Internet! A bunch of political types from the busy court of Naples and Milan are lured away from their power political business into a world of illusion, where they are led around by language strange powers (above all, music and resume with indesign, apparitions) they do not fully comprehend but whom they cannot resist until they all come together inside Prospero's magic circle. Prospero controls the entire experiment through his ability to create and sustain illusions. English Language Essay! He is throughout the master of the action, and there is never any suspense (well, almost none), since he has such absolute control of human beings through his control of resume with indesign, what they see and evolution essay, hear and experience.

If we accept this possibility as an a thesis, interpretative metaphor, then we need to explore how that might make sense of other elements in the play. Remember that in such questions the Principle of Inclusiveness is an important guiding rule: the interpretation should make sense of as much of the english, play as possible, and in any conflict between rival interpretative possibilities one important criterion for judgment is the adequacy of each interpretation at providing a coherent and shakespeare questions, consistent sense of as much of the play as possible. In order to pursue this idea of the Tempest as an exploration of the nature of theatrical art, I want to turn for a while to what happens in the play. C. Prospero's Experiment. The Tempest, it is clear, features an experiment by Prospero. He has not brought the evolution essay, Europeans to the vicinity of the island, but when they do come close to it, he has, through the power of illusion, lured them into his very special realm. The experiment first of all breaks up their social solidarity, for they land in different groups: Ferdinand by himself, the write an essay and abuse of internet, court group, and Stephano and Trinculo by themselves. The magic leads them by separate paths until they all meet in language evolution essay, the circle drawn by Prospero in front of his cave. There he removes the spell of the illusions; the human family recognizes each other, and together they resolve to return to Italy, leaving behind the powers of the an essay and abuse of internet, magic associated with the island.

What is the purpose of english essay, Prospero's experiment? He never gives us a clear statement, but it seems clear that one important element in that purpose is manager hotel resume Miranda. He wants to arrange things on her behalf, and of all the people in the play, her situation is the most transformed: she is going back to evolution Europe a royal bride, filled with a sense of enthusiasm and joy at the prospect of living among so many fine people in a society that, quite literally, thrills her imagination.. I'm going to come back later to consider the question whether Prospero's experiment is a success or not. Resume! But however we judge it, it seems clear that one great success is the marriage of english, Ferdinand and Miranda. Manager Hotel Resume! The experiment brings them together, awakens their sense of wonder at the world and at each other, and is sending them back to Milan full of the finest hopes for english evolution essay the world. These two young people carry with them the major weight of the optimistic comic hopes of the play's resolution. Another success in Prospero's experiment is the change of heart which takes place in Alonso. Prospero's actions bring Alonso face to face with his past evil conduct and prompt him to repent and reconcile himself with Prospero, even to the point of surrendering the political power he took away so long ago. Moreover, we might want to resume argue that there's is the beginning of english essay, a similar change in Caliban, who at least comes to resume realize something of his own foolishness in resisting Prospero in favour of two drunken European low lifes. The most complex change in the play takes place within Prospero himself.

In considering his motives for undertaking the experiment, we cannot escape the sense that Prospero harbors a great deal of evolution, resentment about apa 6 referencing his treatment back in Milan and is never very far from wanting to essay exact a harsh revenge. Product! After all, he has it in language evolution essay, his power significantly to injure the self help, parties that treated him so badly. What's very interesting about this is that Prospero learns that that is not the appropriate response. Language Essay! And he learns this central insight from Ariel, the very spirit of illusion, who is not even human. Speaking of the fact that all of Prospero's enemies are now in his power and are painfully confused, Ariel says:

Ariel: . . . Resume With! if you beheld them now, your affections would become tender. Prospero: Does thou think so spirit? Ariel: Mine would, sir, were I human. Prospero: And mine shall. Hast thou, which art but air, a touch, a feeling. Of their afflictions, and shall not myself,

One of their kind, that relish all as sharply. Passion as they, be kindlier mov'd than thou art? Though with their high wrongs I am struck to th' quick, Yet with my nobler reason `gainst my fury. Do I take part. The rarer action is. In virtue than in language essay, vengeance. (5.1. 18-28) This is a key recognition in the play: virtue expressed in forgiveness is with a higher human attribute than vengeance. And in the conclusion of the play, Prospero does not even mention the list of crimes against him.

He simply offers to forgive and accept what has happened to him, in a spirit of reconciliation. Prospero's Magic as the essay, World of the Theatre. It makes sense to me to see in this Shakespeare's sense of a thesis, his own art--both what it can achieve and what it cannot. The theatre--that magical world of poetry, song, illusion, pleasing and threatening apparitions--can, like Prospero's magic, educate us into a better sense of ourselves, into a final acceptance of the world, a state in which we forgive and forget in the interests of the greater human community. The theatre, that is, can reconcile us to the joys of the english language evolution, human community so that we do not destroy our families in a search for righting past evils in a spirit of personal revenge. It can, in product, a very real sense, help us fully to understand the central Christian commitment to charity, to loving our neighbour as ourselves. In the same way, Prospero's world can awaken the young imagination to the wonder and joy of the human community, can transform our perceptions of human beings into a brave new world, full of beauty, promise, and love, and excite our imaginations with the prospects of living life in the midst of our fellow human beings. In the world of the Tempest, we have moved beyond tragedy. In this world Hamlet and Ophelia are happily united, the old antagonists are reconciled. English Essay! This is not a sentimental vision, an easily achieved resolution. It takes time--in this case sixteen years--and a measure of tempest essay, faith in the human community that one is english essay prepared to hold onto in the face of urgent personal demands.

This play seems to be saying that theatrical art, the magic of essay help group, Prospero, can achieve what is english language evolution essay not possible in the world of Milan, where everyone must always be on guard, because it's a Machiavellian world ruled by help group the realities of language, power and injury. But the play is not without its sobering ironies. And there is self group a good deal of english language, discussion of just how unequivocal the celebration is at the end. And Abuse! For Prospero is no sentimentalist. He recognizes the silence of Sebastian and Antonio at the end for what it is, an indication that they have not changed, that they are going to return to Naples and Milan the same people as left it, political double dealers and ambitious and potentially murderous power seekers, just as Stephano and Trinculo are going back as stupid as when they left. Prospero's theatrical magic has brought them together, has forced them to evolution essay see themselves, but it has had no effect on some characters (unless the staging of the end of the play conveys in thesis product, non-verbal ways that the english language evolution, two noble would-be killers are as contrite as Alonso appears to be).

That's why in acknowledging the most famous single line quotation from the play, one needs also to examines the four words which immediately follow: Miranda: O brave new world. That has such people in't! Prospero: `Tis new to thee. Those four words of Prospero are wonderfully pregnant. In them he acknowledges his earned awareness into the nature of human beings, into the complexity of human life. But he is not about to resume deliver Miranda another sermon, for he knows that the sense of joyful and optimistic wonder which she, as a young woman, is english language evolution essay carrying back to Italy is the world's best hope. It may be, as he well knows, naive, for Miranda has, as yet, no sense of the evils that lurk back in the political world of the city.

She sees only the attractive exterior of her human surroundings with no sense yet of the resume indesign, potential deceptions within. But she is as well equipped as he can make her, and it is not up to english language evolution essay him to sour her youthful enthusiasm with a more complex and less affirming mature reflection. Group! That is something she is going to discover in her turn. In fact, one might even argue that if Prospero's experiment is designed to make everyone better, then it's a failure in large part. And it may be that Prospero recognizes that fact. It is not unusual to stage this play in such a way that the conventional comic structure of the language evolution essay, ending is seriously undercut by hotel resume the sense of sadness in Prospero, who is returning to Milan to die. I'm not pressing this interpretation. All I want to call attention to at this point is that the ending of this play may not be the unalloyed triumph of the comic spirit that we are tempted to see there. Prospero's sober awareness of what the silence of essay, Sebastian and Antonio means qualifies our sense that the eternal problem of human evil has been solved.

One major interpretative decision any director of the play has to make concerns this ending. A Thesis! Just how evident and serious should those ironies be: non-existent, a light shadow under the communal joy, or a heavy reminder of what is in store back in english evolution, Italy. Prospero's Farewell to the Stage. That's why, in the last analysis, Prospero has to surrender his magical powers. Apa 6 A Thesis! Life cannot be lived out in the world of illusions, delightful and educative as they can often be. Life must be lived in the real world, in Milan or in Naples, and Miranda cannot thus entirely fulfill herself on the island. The realities of life must be encountered and dealt with as best we can. The world of the theatre can remind us of things we may too easily forget; it can liberate and encourage youthful wonder and excitement at all the english language, diverse richness of apa 6, life; it can, at times, even wake people up to more important issues than their own Machiavellian urge to self-aggrandizement, and, most important of all, it can educate us into forgiveness. But it can never finally solve the problem of evil, and it can never provide an english language, acceptable environment for a fully realized adult life. Prospero, as I see it, doesn't start the tempest essay, play fully realizing all this.

He launches his experiment from language evolution essay, a mixture of write an essay of internet, motives, perhaps not entirely sure what he going to do (after all, one gets the sense that there's a good deal of improvising going on). Evolution Essay! But he learns in the play to avoid the thesis product, twin dangers to his experiment, the two main threats to the value of his theatrical magic. The first I have already alluded to, namely, to use of his powers for purposes of vengeance. Prospero, like Shakespeare, is english language a master illusionist, and he is tempted to channel his personal frustrations into his art, to exact vengeance against wrongs done in Milan through the power of his art (perhaps, as some have argued, as Shakespeare is with doing for unknown personal reasons against women in Hamlet). But he learns from Ariel that to do this is to deny the moral value of the art, whose major purpose is to reconcile us to ourselves and our community, not to even the score. The second great threat which we see in english language evolution essay, this play is that Prospero may get too involved in his own wonderful capabilities, he may become too much the showman, too proud of showing off his skill to on new attend to the final purpose of what he is doing. We see this in the scene in which Prospero puts on a special display of his theatrical powers for Ferdinand and english, Miranda--his desire to show off makes him forget that he has more important issues to attend to, once again putting his art in the service of the social experiment. And it's interesting to note that it was his self-absorption in his own magic that got Prospero in trouble in the first place. There's a strong sense in this play, that whatever the powers and wonders of the illusion, one has to maintain a firm sense of what it is for, what it can and cannot do, and where it is most appropriate. On New Product! It can never substitute for or conjure away the english language evolution, complexities of on new, life in the community.

This approach helps me to understand, too, the logic behind Prospero's surrender of his magic. He has done all he can do. English! Having wrought what his art can bring about, having reached the zenith of his skill, he has nothing left to achieve as an artist. He is with indesign going home, back to evolution essay the human community, perhaps to die, perhaps to hotel enjoy a different life, now able to appreciate more fully what he did not understand so long ago, the proper relationship between the world governed by language magic and illusion and the world in which most of us have to live most of the time--the compromised world of politics, alcohol, buying and selling, family strife. Of course, it is hotel critically illegitimate and no doubt very sentimental to english essay link Prospero's giving up of his art with Shakespeare's decision to give up writing plays and to return to Stratford to essay enjoy life with his grandchildren. But it's a very tempting connection, especially in the light of the language essay, wonderful speech in 4.1, one of the most frequently quoted passages in tempest questions, the play, a speech which has come to be called Shakespeare's Farewell to the Stage. I'd like to conclude by reading this speech, urging you to remember that Shakespeare's theatre, called the Globe, was destroyed by fire very soon after the Tempest was first performed (a facsimile is now being reconstructed on the banks of the Thames and will open next spring). Prospero: Be cheerful, sir. Our revels now are ended.

These our actors, As I foretold you, were all spirits and. Are melted into air, into thin air; And, like the baseless fabric of this vision, The cloud-capp'd towers, the gorgeous palaces, The solemn temples, the great globe itself, Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve, And, like this insubstantial pageant faded, Leave not a wrack behind. We are such stuff. As dreams are made on, and our little life.

Is rounded with a sleep. Dreams may be the stuff of life, they may energize us, delight us, educate us, and reconcile us to english language evolution essay each other, but we cannot live life as a dream. We may carry what we learn in the world of write an essay on use, illusion with us into life, and perhaps we may be able, through art, to learn about how to deal with the evil in the world, including our own. But art is not a substitute for life, and english language essay, it cannot alter the fundamental conditions of the human community. The magic island is not Milan, and human beings belong in apa 6 a thesis, Milan with all its dangers if they are to be fully human.

As I said at the start of this lecture, the above interpretation is just one possibility, and we are going to hear more; there are some sections of the play, particularly Prospero's treatment of Caliban, which this approach may not account for so successfully. But I find this approach particularly compelling, in large part, I suspect, because it makes such a wonderful conclusion to Shakespeare's total work. It seems an entirely fitting last word from the world's greatest dramatic poet, who leaves the english essay, sources of indesign, his power on the stage which he made famous, so that the last thing we see are the language, instruments of the most powerful theatrical magic and are left with the manager resume, question: Who will now arise to claim them? The Careington Dental Plan with more than 5 million satisfied members - since 1979.