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benedictine essays The Order of Saint Benedict. The Benedictines: An Introduction. Frankenstein Essay? Benedictines carry on a monastic tradition that stems from the essay, origins of the Christian monastic movement in the late third century. Frankenstein Argumentative? They regard Saint Benedict as their founder and guide even though he did not establish a Benedictine Order as such. He wrote a Rule for his monastery at research Monte Cassino in Italy and he foresaw that it could be used elsewhere. Monte Cassino was destroyed by the Lombards about frankenstein argumentative A.D. 577 and was not reestablished until the middle of the eighth century. Meanwhile the Rule found its way to monasteries in England, Gaul, and elsewhere.
At first it was one of about advertisement topics a number of rules accepted by a particular monastery but later, especially through the promotional efforts of Charlemagne and his son Louis, it became the rule of frankenstein argumentative choice for monasteries of Europe from the ninth century onwards. The early medieval monasteries of Europe, those for men and women, followed the master coursework, Rule of Benedict with local adaptations needed in essay, different climes and cultures. They continued, however, the having, tradition of community life with its common prayer, reading, and work. Some of the monasteries were founded as centers of evangelization of peoples; others carried on a program of education, art and architecture, and the making of manuscripts. Many monasteries were centers of liturgy and learning in essay, the midst of chaotic times and shifting kingdoms. Database? Benedictine monasteries are often characterized as local institutions with a great deal of autonomy. In the Middle Ages they were often founded by the nobility as centers of frankenstein essay prayer, communities that would pray for the people, especially the nobles themselves. The monasteries had little contact with each other though eventually some of published them began to relate to each other for the sake of protection from bishops and nobles and for frankenstein, common discipline. The most famous association was that of Cluny, named for the abbey in Burgundy; this monastery was founded in 909/910 and grew to include numerous dependencies.
Cluny reformed congregations of black monks, as they were called, in practically all parts of Europe. The abbot of Cluny was in effect the superior of all the dependent monasteries though he administered the multitude of abbeys through appointed priors. Cluny excelled in the splendor and length of its liturgy, so much so that its monks had little time for manual labor or reading. The Benedictine monasteries waned at the end of the trouble coming up with, twelfth century, about the time the Church witnessed the rise of the modern orders of Franciscans and Dominicans. The Benedictines, though in decline in members and discipline, continued their round of monastic life but at times without their properly constituted head. Not a few monasteries were burdened by a commendatory abbot, a person who was appointed by the pope or a nobleman to oversee and to protect the goods of the monastery.
Often, however, he appropriated the wealth of monastic lands without involvement in the actual life of the community. In the Middle Ages and essay, up to modern times Benedictine monasteries for men and women often formed various associations or unions in order to promote discipline and mutual assistance. This was in fact mandated by the Council of Trent (1545-1563; Sess. xxv, cap. 8) . Monasteries slowly and thesis, with much hesitation followed the directives of Pope Innocent III and the Fourth Lateran Council (1215) to establish visitations of monasteries and regular general chapters for the enactment of legislation. Many Benedictine monasteries were closed at the time of the Protestant Reformation both because the reformers preached against essay, monastic vows as unevangelical and having trouble up with, because secular rulers coveted and seized the abundance of properties owned by the monastics. Congregations of frankenstein argumentative essay Benedictines continued in the centuries after the Reformation, but most monasteries were closed and expropriated during the Napoleonic era.
As a result, their numbers were very few at the beginning of the nineteenth century. During the course of the 1800s, however, Benedictines experienced a revival. Some congregations, e.g., the master, Solesmes and Beuronese Congregations, restored a kind of Benedictine monasticism that stressed the enclosed life with its round of liturgical prayer performed with great precision and argumentative essay, splendor. Other congregations ; e.g., the St. Ottilien Congregation and groupings of published American Benedictine women, stressed the missionary endeavors of evangelizing, teaching, and health care. Frankenstein Argumentative? Men and women Benedictines continued to thesis establish new houses in many countries right up to the time of Vatican Council II (1962-1965). Since then the number of Benedictines has declined once again, at least in the First and Second World, but it has increased in other regions, e.g., East Africa and South Korea. Today Benedictines, both men and women, are still characterized as people who take root in a particular place and who are related to the culture and needs of a specific location. Most are associated together in congregations for purposes of mutual assistance and common discipline. At the same time they vary widely in the type of monastic life they lead. Some pursue an enclosed life with little involvement in the local Church and society; others insist on various degrees of involvement such as education, parochial ministry, evangelization, publication, health care, etc.
In 1887 Pope Leo XIII , who was enamored of the Benedictines, reestablished the College of Saint Anselm in Rome. It continues today as an frankenstein argumentative essay institute for Benedictine students and others who wish to can you in creative obtain graduate degrees in philosophy, theology, liturgy, and monastic studies. In 1893 the same pope provided the order with an argumentative essay Abbot Primate to oversee the college and to trouble a thesis provide spiritual leadership for the Confederation of Benedictine monasteries. The Abbot Primate does not have direct jurisdiction in the monasteries of the frankenstein essay, order, though he is still charged with a general concern for the well-being of Benedictines around the world. Thus Benedictines differ from most modern religious orders who have a superior general in Rome. Benedictines of today continue to group themselves in congregations of monasteries; some, however, especially many communities of nuns, are positioned outside congregations and relate directly to the local bishop and to the abbot primate in Rome. The followers of Saint Benedict vary much in the way they carry out the thrust of the sixth-century Rule , but in general they retain essential features of their origins -- local gatherings of monastics who endeavor to seek God in essay about human, a common life of prayer, reading, and service. Alston, C. Cyprian. The Rule of Saint Benedict in frankenstein, Catholic Encyclopedia (dated, but thorough; NY, 1913; New Advent online collaborative version) . American-Cassinese Congregation. Renew and Create : a statement on the American-Cassinese Benedictine monastic life : Thirty-sixth General Chapter, second session, June 1969. (Lowell, Mass.: Sullivan Bros., 1969) . Barry, Patrick OSB, Richard Yeo OSB, Kathleen Norris OblSB and others. Wisdom from the Monastery: The Rule of Benedict for Everyday Life (Liturgical Press, 2006 . Thesis? Wisdom from the Monastery contains a contemporary translation of the argumentative, Rule of St.
Benedict by Abbot Patrick Barry OSB and short reflections on the seven basic elements of Benedictine spirituality that are a tried and true recipe for healthy, balanced, and essay topics, purposeful living. Benedict's Rule: A Translation and Commentary . By Terrence G. Kardong, OSB (Liturgical Press) . The first line-by-line exegesis of the entire Rule of Benedict written originally in frankenstein essay, English. Thesis? This full commentary -- predominately a literary and historical criticism -- is based on and includes a new translation, and frankenstein argumentative essay, is accompanied by essays on Benedict's spiritual doctrine. Butler, Cuthbert OSB. Human Cloning? Benedictine Monachism: Studies in Benedictine Life and Rule , (First ed., London New York : Longmans, Green, 1919; 2d ed., 1924; Cambridge : Speculum Historiale; New York : Barnes Noble, repr. 1961) . Chittister, Joan D. OSB. Wisdom Distilled from the Daily : Living the Rule of St. Benedict Today (San Francisco : Harper, repr.
1991). Grün, Anselm OSB. Benedict of Nursia: His Message for Today . Linda M. Maloney, tr. (Liturgical Press, 2006) . Each chapter concludes with a brief reflection on the state of contemporary society and how the aspect of the Rule of Benedict treated in the chapter applies to the needs of today. Hicks, Dom Bruno OSB. The Benedictines from Benedictine Biographies (CTS, 1912) 1-32 ; dated but comprehensive historical overview.
Holzherr, Georg OSB. Frankenstein Argumentative? The Rule of Benedict: An Invitation to the Christian Life. Published? Trans. Frankenstein? from the German by recovery, Mark Thamert OSB. (Liturgical Press, 2016). Text and commentary. Knowles, Dom David OSB. The Benedictines (London and New York, 1930) ; abridged.
Stewart, Columba OSB. Prayer and frankenstein essay, Community : The Benedictine Tradition. (Orbis Press, 1998) .
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How to Write a Bibliography Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. If the frankenstein essay example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the can you major writer to frankenstein look it up for you.
Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. Master Coursework? When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Essay? Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin.
Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on thesis published How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of frankenstein, Common Abbreviations used in documentation.
For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. The Martyrs Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . Database Recovery? New York: Schocken, 2002.
Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of frankenstein essay, publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of master coursework, Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed. Frankenstein? Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001.
Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. In Creative? The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999. . Harry Potter and the Prisoner of argumentative essay, Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. The Price of thesis, Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of.
Paul ONeill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of frankenstein essay, a multivolume work and trouble coming up with each volume has its own title, you need cite only the frankenstein argumentative actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in master coursework, the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion)
Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. 3: The Cultivation of argumentative essay, Hatred ) Gay, Peter. Coursework? The Cultivation of frankenstein, Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of having up with a thesis, Vol. 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter.
Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and argumentative Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of Business . 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002. Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed.
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal. Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Granatstein, eds.
Trudeaus Shadow: The Life and master Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. Frankenstein Essay? The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Cant Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005. Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommers Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Essay About? Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by two editors: Shakespeare, William.
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. Frankenstein Argumentative? New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Advertisement Topics? Shadow Warriors: Inside the frankenstein argumentative essay Special. Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc dAbadie. The Power of major, Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005.
Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Lets Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Martins, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra.
The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of frankenstein, listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use et al. from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning and others after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Papers Recovery? Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds.
Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Canadian Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al.
Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of argumentative, Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors:
McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and eds. Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994. OReilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean OReilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Essay About Advertisement Topics? San Francisco: Travellers Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997.
Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Macleans Canadas Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Frankenstein Argumentative? Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa.
Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Major Writing? Rita and frankenstein argumentative essay Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength. What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on published the Art of frankenstein argumentative, Manly Virtue. Ed.
Waller R. Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. Flying Blind. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Comp. and ed. James OReilly, Larry Habegger, and essay about human cloning Sean OReilly. San Francisco: Travellers Tales, 1999.
211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: Nazi Party. New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. Tajikistan. World Book Encyclopedia of People and Places . 2000 ed. 10. Article in an encyclopedia with an frankenstein author: If the encyclopedia is can you in creative, well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and frankenstein essay page numbers. If the essay topics encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. Dyslexia. World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed.
Midge, T. Powwows. Encyclopedia of frankenstein argumentative essay, North American Indians . Ed. Published? D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. Frankenstein? New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: 100 Years of Dust and Glory. Popular Mechanics Sept.
2001: 70-75. Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds. Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6. E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion. Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4. McDonalds Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food. National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. Essay Human Cloning? 2006: FP18.
Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year. Toronto Star. 25 Nov. 2004: A18. Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids IQs. Buffalo News 23 Jan. Argumentative Essay? 2005: I6. 12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use + for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use 38-45 if page numbers are consecutive. Use A1+ if article begins on essay cloning page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g.
220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is frankenstein, no period after the month. Having Trouble Up With A Thesis? The period in Mar. is for the abbreviation of March. Essay? If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the essay about human cloning months are not abbreviated. If the frankenstein publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, date, month, year are required. Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only month, year are needed.
Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is having coming, treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech. Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Authors name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. Boss Your Career. Canadian Business 13-16 Mar.
2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle. Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and argumentative J. Major In Creative Writing? Bradford DeLong. Shaken and Stirred. Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. Frankenstein Essay? Women, Islam, and the New Iraq. Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. Bird Flu Targeting the Young. Toronto Star 11 Mar.
2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. Iranian President Defends Countrys Nuclear Ambitions. Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters. Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. Having Up With A Thesis? Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom. Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. Frankenstein Argumentative Essay? In Tiger Country. Photos by James Merrell.
Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. The Mystery of up with a thesis, Brown Dwarf Origins. Scientific American Jan. 2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. Argumentative? Caremakers Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines. Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan. 2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty. Buffalo News 23 Jan.
2005: I2. Saletan, William. Junk-Food Jihad. National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. Life Among the Ruins. Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+.
Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. In Creative? 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs. American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. Frankenstein? Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series):
Suggested citation example from research papers, SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Workers (and Managers) of the frankenstein essay World Unite. Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. Published? 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite. Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Work . Ed.
Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. 20. Put in frankenstein argumentative, square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement.
7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx. GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement.
Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15. Coming A Thesis? Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author:
Zimmer, Henry B. Argumentative? Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler). Creager, Angela N.H. Crystallizing a Life in coursework, Science. Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. Hanas Suitcase. Rev. of Hanas Suitcase , by argumentative essay Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. Measured Deception. Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The.
Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. Research Papers Recovery? Chinese Torture at Five. Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison.
International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. Hucks Ironic Circle. Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twains. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp.
and ed. Narinder Kapur. Frankenstein Argumentative Essay? New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. Hero. Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov, Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. A Life of thesis published, Pain and frankenstein argumentative essay Paint. Rev. of Frida , dir.
Julie Taymor. National. Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. The Importance of Being Mennonite. Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct.
2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. The Image Hunter. Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. 2002: 14+. 18. Advertisement Topics? CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . Dir. George Stevens.
1951. Frankenstein? DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed. Essay Human? DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and argumentative Cameron MacKeen. Racism and the Landfill. Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1.
CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. 4. Art. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. CD-ROM. Montreal: 19.
Computer service e.g. Research? BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. Can U.S. Companies Even Get a Bonjour? New York Times , Late Ed. Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. after the word. If the word has several different definitions, state the argumentative number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. Mug. Def. 2. The New Lexicon Websters Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed.
1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. Can You Major? (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. Argumentative Essay? (produced by), writ. (written by). A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and trouble coming up with a thesis the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton.
Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and frankenstein the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005.
Burton, Tim, dir. Trouble Coming Up With? Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. Robert Luketic. Writ. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein,
Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ. Christianna. Brand. Prod.
Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Frankenstein Argumentative? Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Papers Database? Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod. Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Robin Williams.
Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Frankenstein? Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth. Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Williams, and major in creative writing Adam Schroeder.
Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Argumentative? Gathering Strength: Canadas Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and.
Government Services Canada, 2000. United States. Master? National Council on Disability. Frankenstein Argumentative Essay? Carrying on the Good Fight Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the in creative U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers. Example for the following record: United States. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193. Congressional Record.
Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . Frankenstein? 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Having Trouble Coming Up With A Thesis? Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an Internet citation:
2) Title of argumentative essay, Article, Web page or site in major in creative, quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in argumentative, referencing a personal e-mail message where an individuals e-mail address is master coursework, omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title. Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or less than and greater than signs at the end of the argumentative essay citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL.
If the URL is too long for published a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. Essay? do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in having up with a thesis, the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at frankenstein, the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL. Having Coming A Thesis? Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to argumentative be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM. Advertisement. 23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/
TheraTears. Thesis? Advertisement. Argumentative Essay? 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. Research Papers? SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. China to Formalize One-Child Policy. Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html.
Clifford, Erin. Review of Neuropsychology. SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005. Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. Essay? IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest. 9 Feb. 2001.
National Geographic 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters. Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct.
2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected. Washington Post . 8 May 2002. SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON.
23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source.
Pahl, Greg. Heat Your Home with Biodiesel. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the papers recovery school. Pahl, Greg. Heat Your Home with Biodiesel. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan.
2003. eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for frankenstein an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. Ho Chi Minh. Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005.
Ho Chi Minh. Encyclop?dia Britannica . Master? 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service. 9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC). Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005.
Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. Frankenstein Essay? 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: Childcare Industry Should Welcome Men. BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus. BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003.
10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Internet citation for an article in essay, a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and frankenstein argumentative Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech. Journal of published, Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: Islamic State of essay, Afghanistan: Political Map. Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003.
Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and can you writing Pete Kersten. Argumentative? Congratulations! Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/ Lee , Lawrence. Having Trouble Coming A Thesis? Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb.
2003. Essay? 10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. Peanuts Collection Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock. Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. Research Database? 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. Woodhull, Victoria C. American History 102 Photo Gallery.
1997. State. Historical Society of Wisconsin. Frankenstein? 10 Oct. Can You? 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an frankenstein argumentative essay individual, a listserve, an can you major in creative writing organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. The Creatine Quandry. Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Interior.
11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. Re: Link to Musicals101.com. E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003. NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005. E-mail to frankenstein argumentative author. 8 Sept. About Cloning? 2005. PicoSearch. Essay? Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed. E-mail to John Smith. h. Essay About Human? Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada.
Office of the Auditor General of frankenstein argumentative, Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in thesis published, the Public Sector . 6 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct.
2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct.
2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. Keep Spreading the frankenstein argumentative essay Word. Online posting. 4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct.
2005. Seaside Harry . My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On! Online. posting. 10 Oct. 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index Prius Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=. j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site:
The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Washington U. School of having trouble coming up with a thesis, Medicine. Frankenstein Essay? 10 Oct. 2005. http://www.madsci.org. OConnor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. John Wilkins. Feb. 2002. U of St.
Andrews, Scotland. Trouble Up With A Thesis? 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999. Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/.
Savill, R. Richard. Jazz Age Biographies. The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. Search Engine Math. 26 Oct. Frankenstein? 2001. Major In Creative Writing? Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr.
2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and frankenstein essay Yotam Feldner. Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas? Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. Thesis Published? 1999. Argumentative? The Middle East Media and. Research Institute. 10 Oct.
2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to include the file size. Do so if preferred by master coursework your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K.
24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004. l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor: Lincoln, Abraham. The Gettysburg Address. 19 Nov. 1863. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed. Roy P. Basler.
New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for a work translated and frankenstein edited by another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955.
Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. Prime Ministers Office. 31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview.
Time 16 Feb. 2003. Coming Up With? 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. Essay? E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.
State name of speaker, title of essay, lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. Marriage. Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. Hello, He Must Be Going. Editorial. Frankenstein? Macleans 26 Aug. 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. U.N. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded. Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan.
2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. Trouble Up With A Thesis? 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet? Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer.
Reply to frankenstein argumentative essay letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. 15 June 2005. Twain, Mark. Published? Banned in Concord. Letter to Charles L. Webster.
18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Frankenstein? Ed. Jim Zwick. Thesis? 2005. 10 Oct. 2005. Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Frankenstein Argumentative? Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004.
Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. Dallas TX. Map. 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. 2) Title of ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Trouble Coming Up With A Thesis? Fur Elise. Strauss, Richard.
Traumerei , op. 9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case. 3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No.
1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Frankenstein Argumentative? Sweet Bye and Bye . Master? London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Invitation to frankenstein essay the Dance Op.
65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. Coursework? 2) Title of artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created.
4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is frankenstein argumentative, housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . [c. 2500 BC].
Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque . 1814. About Human? Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. The School of Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36.
Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist. Frankenstein Argumentative? 2) Underline title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is essay advertisement, uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Essay? 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book. 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. Human Cloning? figure, page, plate, or slide number.
Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984. Frankenstein? National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON.
The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Can You Major Writing? Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of frankenstein essay, Art . By H.W. Janson and papers database Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991.
412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris. Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. Frankenstein Argumentative? 31. Michelangelo.
David . 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Gaston Du C. de Vere. Can You Major? New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis. Wainright Building . 1890-91.
St. Frankenstein Argumentative Essay? Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Research Database? Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme. Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans.
Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and frankenstein argumentative Nicola Salvi. Chapel of St. John the Baptist . Coursework? 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. Frankenstein Argumentative Essay? By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne:
Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the photograph. 3) Date photograph taken. War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on can you in creative writing CNN.
Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of frankenstein argumentative, China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent. Up With? 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and frankenstein argumentative Guo-Qing Wei. Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope. in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie. German Patent 3943917.
July 1996. Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds. US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. Transportation Vehicles and about advertisement topics Methods. US Patent 5971091. 31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disneys The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice.
Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Argumentative? Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON.
The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and essay advertisement Libretto by James. Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999.
Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. 20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . Argumentative Essay? By Incredible! Acrobats of research papers, China.
Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. Frankenstein Argumentative? 4) Name of network. 5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn.
CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. 2003. Law and can you major in creative writing Order . Prod. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. 2002. New Threat from Osama? By Jim Stewart. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo.
New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein. By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. The Nightmare Drug. By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto. Argumentative? 16 Oct. 2002. U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden. AP, Washington, DC.
On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. Thesis Published? 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). 3) Title of frankenstein argumentative, recording (underlined). 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). 5) Edition, release, or version.
6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by.
The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by master coursework Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d.
Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Frankenstein Argumentative Essay? Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997]. Note: n.d. means no date available. [c.
1997] means circa 1997. McDonald, Michael. No Lookin Back . LP. Prod. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette. Research? Vers. 1.0.
Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Frankenstein Essay? Solid Ground. Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Vancouver: Harry Potter and research database recovery the Prisoner of essay, Azkaban . Dir.
Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on novel. by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Research Database Recovery? Warner, 2004. Jane Austens Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York:
New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Dir. Frankenstein Essay? Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005. The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir. Ken Kwapis.
Based on novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Can You Major In Creative Writing? Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the Web . Frankenstein Essay? Videocassette.
Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming. Based on can you major book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and frankenstein argumentative the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS. Research Papers Database Recovery? Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year.
Elmendorf, James. Frankenstein Argumentative? The Military and the Mall: Society and Culture in database recovery, Long Beach, California. BA. thesis. Hampshire College, 1995. Jackson, Marjorie. The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and Use. Diss. Columbia U, 1962.
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The Joy Luck Club Summary and Analysis of argumentative, Chapters 9-10. The third section of the novel is named American Translation . A mother complains that her daughter has placed a mirrored armoire at the foot of her and her husband's bed. The mother says the mirror will make all their happiness bounce back. To fix it, she puts another mirror at the headboard. She says it will multiply their peach-blossom luck. When the papers recovery daughter asks what peach-blossom luck is, her mother tells her it is in the mirror. She says she can see her future grandchild in the mirror, and she tells her daughter to look. When the daughter looks into frankenstein argumentative the mirror, she sees her own reflection.
Lena prepares for her mother (Ying-ying) to visit the new house that she and her husband bought. Can You Major In Creative! Her mother has always had Chungwan chihan , the ability to predict bad things by paying attention to signs, especially in architecture and the placement of things. Lena wonders what bad signs her mother will find in her new home. As they tour the frankenstein essay house, her mother points out all its flaws accurately. This makes Lena wonder whether her mother can see the deep flaws in her marriage too. She also remembers that when she was eight years old, her mother looked at the rice grains left in the bottom of her bowl and told her she would marry a bad man. At first, her mother was simply trying to published, get Lena to finish her rice at meals.
She told Lena that her future husband would have a pockmark on his face for every unfinished grain of rice. Soon the superstition grew into a mission for Lena. She was afraid that if she left rice in essay her bowl, she would marry a neighborhood boy named Arnold, who had a pockmarked face and was cruel to her. Master! An educational film about leprosy (to Lena, people with very pockmarked faces) scared Lena into argumentative trying to kill Arnold through superstition. At meals, she left increasingly larger quantities on thesis her plate of not only rice, but all kinds of argumentative, food. When Lena was thirteen, she had become anorexic and having trouble up with a thesis, ate barely any food at all. That year, her father read in the newspaper that Arnold died from complications from measles.
Lena was terrified because she thought her mother could sense that she caused Arnold's death. That night, Lena binged on strawberry ice cream and argumentative essay, then made herself vomit it. She says, I remember wondering why it was that eating something good could make me feel so terrible, while vomiting something terrible could make me feel so good. Lena's husband is named Harold Livotny. They work at essay about human cloning Livotny Associates, the restaurant design firm he started. They met when they both worked at Harned Kelley Davis, before Lena encouraged Harold to start his own firm. Frankenstein! Now that their marriage is falling apart, Lena finds it hard to can you major in creative writing, remember why she fell in love with Harold. She feels better after talking with Rose Hsu Jordan, who is already divorced from Ted Jordan. Rose tells Lena that she does not need to worry that the breakup of frankenstein argumentative, her marriage is her fault.
Both women have worried in the past that their headstrong ways, of research database recovery, which their mothers disapprove, may have contributed. Rose assures Lena that fears of frankenstein essay, inadequacy are common in her generation, and the breakup is her not fault. Throughout their marriage, Harold has insisted that he and Lena split money equally; they even have separate bank accounts. They keep a list on trouble coming up with their refrigerator detailing how much each of them spent in a week, and on what. Lena is embarrassed to tell her mother this, so she tells her the frankenstein argumentative list is of things they share.
Lena's mother is shocked to find ice cream on the list, and essay human, she reminds Lena that she has not been able to frankenstein essay, stomach ice cream since the night she learned of Arnold's death, when she binged and purged. Lena shows her mother to the guest room, where there is an unstable table Harold made when he was a student. Lena's mother uses her Chunwang chihan and coursework, says that keeping the table is foolish. Lena goes downstairs and starts a fight with Harold over their splitting money. Soon they hear glass shattering upstairs; the frankenstein argumentative table has fallen and broken. When Lena says she knew the table would fall, her mother says, Then why don't you stop it? Waverly is afraid to trouble up with, tell her mother (Lindo Jong) that she is frankenstein essay, marrying Rich Shields. Instead of telling her, Waverly brings her mother to research database recovery, see how she is living.
She has a wonderfully busy life with Rich and frankenstein argumentative essay, her four-year-old daughter, Shoshana. Despite Waverly's best efforts to get her mother's approval, she does not even acknowledge that Waverly and Rich have moved in together. This makes Waverly feel terrible in a familiar way. She recalls the first time her mother made her feel so. It was when Waverly was ten and told her mother not to show her off and take credit for her winning at chess. After that, her mother had refused to pay her any attention. To win back her mother, Waverly decided to quit playing chess, but she became stunned and essay topics, hurt when her mother did not care. Waverly eventually started playing chess again, but she had lost her magic touch. Suddenly she was vulnerable to frankenstein essay, her own weaknesses instead of skillfully taking advantage of her opponent's. She was convinced that much of the change had to do with the major writing fact that her mother had stopped believing in her. She stopped playing altogether at fourteen.
When Waverly and her first husband Marvin Chen eloped, Waverly's mother picked him apart until Waverly too saw his flaws and lost interest. Argumentative! She almost aborted Shoshana because she resented being pregnant. But when Shoshana was born, she knew her feelings for her were inviolable. Rich loves Waverly just as deeply as Waverly loves Shoshana. But Waverly is afraid her mother will show her everything wrong with Rich as she did with Marvin. Waverly devised a plan to get her mother to meet Rich. Coursework! She took Rich to Auntie Su's (Suyuan Woo's) house for frankenstein dinner, and then told Auntie Su that Rich said hers was the best Chinese food he had ever had. To show up Auntie Su, Waverly's mother invited Waverly and Rich over for a family dinner. Rich did not understand the Chinese customs of politeness, and he unknowingly made a bad impression. The worst was when he insulted Waverly's mother's cooking.
Waverly's mother was disparaging her own favorite dish, expecting someone to compliment her in essay about advertisement topics return. Argumentative Essay! Instead, Rich poured soy sauce all over the platter. The next day, Waverly cannot take the tension and tells her mother she and Rich are getting married. Her mother is not surprised, and she acts as though she had never tried to criticize Rich. Then she tells Waverly about her heritage from her mother's side, the Sun clan from Taiyuan. She says that like herself, Waverly comes from database, a line of strong and clever women. Finally, Waverly realized that her mother was not a tricky chessboard queen, planning secret attacks on her. She was an old, traditional woman who wanted to frankenstein argumentative essay, be loved just as much as she loved her daughter.
Waverly fantasizes about bringing her mother on her honeymoon so that she, her mother, and Rich could all put aside their differences and fly from San Francisco to database, China, moving West to reach the frankenstein essay East. The third section of the can you major novel examines how things start to come full circle for the mothers. They have begun to argumentative, reach their daughters after all these years, and the daughters begin to realize how much they are like their mothers. When the daughter in the prologue looks in thesis the mirror, she sees not only frankenstein argumentative essay her own reflection but also those of about topics, all the women in her family's past and frankenstein argumentative essay, future, and all the faces are her own. While she is an individual, she is the incarnation of a spirit that runs through all the research recovery women in her family throughout time.
This realization puts pressure on her, because she is the keeper of a powerful spirit, and frankenstein, infinite generations depend on her. At the same time, it is comforting to know that her life is major writing, fortified by a seemingly infinite number of lives. In Chapter 9, Ying-ying comes to visit Lena, and we witness a daughter's struggle to feel adult and argumentative essay, independent in human cloning her mother's presence. Even though she is in control of her household and frankenstein argumentative essay, has her own way of living, Lena feels invaded by Ying-ying. Essay About Cloning! She senses that on some level, her mother decides her destiny, but she wants desperately to choose her own path. Just as when Lena was a teenager and resisted her mother's advice to disastrous effect, she resists admitting that her marriage is as unstable and frankenstein essay, makes as little sense to keep as the table. Research Papers! When the table smashes to pieces under its own weight, Lena can no longer deny these things, which brings her closer to frankenstein essay, Ying-ying. Still, their opinions on the situation separate them.
Lena knows her marriage is beyond saving, and Rose, as a part of her generation, affirms this evaluation. Nevertheless, Ying-ying asks of the table's fall and by extension, the about topics marriage's--why you not stop it? There are two ways to frankenstein, evaluate this question. The first is that Ying-ying places blame on Lena for allowing things to get so bad and wants her to fix things instead of thesis, getting a divorce. Therefore, she wants Lena to answer that she will try to save her marriage. The second is that Ying-ying sees Lena suffering the same fate she did, losing her own identity in frankenstein essay her marriage, and that she wants Lena to walk away from it and save herself. Therefore she wants Lena to essay about topics, answer that there is argumentative essay, no use trying to deny Chunwang chihan and try to save a marriage that is doomed to collapse.
Chapters 9 and 10 deal with just how American the daughters really are, as well as what is lost in translation between the generations. What can the mothers never make their daughters understand, and vice versa? Lena and Waverly live very American lives, complete with unhappy marriages to men who do not understand their Chinese heritage. Can You In Creative Writing! They both try to show their mothers how happy they are by inviting them into their homes. But they forget that their mothers can read signs. The mothers see their daughters' marriages crumbling and lives losing meaning, and for argumentative essay once, they want them to be disobedient. They want them to harness their Chinese spirit, the spirit of all the women who came before them and essay cloning, will come after them, to prevent themselves from frankenstein argumentative essay, dissolving away. In the mothers' eyes, strength and the ability to make change have been lost between the about human generations. While they might not understand or approve of the way their daughters live, the very fact that they can live this way (which Jing-mei called the right to fall short of argumentative essay, expectations) is something gained from human cloning, being American. Therefore the daughters are American translations of their mothers.
Here Tan plays on the power of language to simultaneously separate and unite people; without symbols, there is scarce communication, yet translation can complicate and argumentative, limit communication. The mothers and daughters are like Chinese and American versions of the same story. They are essentially the same, but it impossible to make them exactly alike, like the reflections that the daughter in the prologue sees. As in literary translation, some things are lost, but new things are found through reinterpretation. At the end of each chapter, mothers and daughters have turned a corner in terms of understanding one another. Each daughter is made to realize that her mother is not the enemy, but a courageously loving spirit to about, guide her through life. At the argumentative same time, the mothers accept their daughters' American lives while reminding them of their heritage, whether through Chunwang chihan or a description of the Sun clan. Essay Topics! Waverly's coming to terms with Lindo is particularly meaningful, since Waverly is the most headstrong of frankenstein argumentative, all the daughters. She no longer wants to compartmentalize her mother, making her the can you major Chinese element in an otherwise American life, but she wants Lindo to frankenstein argumentative, help her bridge the Chinese and essay about, American parts of herself and, furthermore, to help Rich understand her dual identity. The end of argumentative, Chapter 10 is particularly important in terms of the idea of translation. Putting an original next to its translation demonstrates that many things have been lost, while many other things may be found.
Each mother's or daughter's life is clearer in contrast with the other's, different yet complementary like the white and black squares on a chessboard. Even so, things are not always black and white between the generations. When Waverly talks of thesis, moving West to reach East, we realize that the labels Chinese and argumentative, American, East and West, are not dichotomous but relative. It is as difficult for the daughters to distinguish the Chinese and can you, American parts of themselves as it is for frankenstein them to can you major, determine in any definitive way whether China is East or West. How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/the-joy-luck-club/study-guide/summary-chapters-9-10 in MLA Format. Study Guide Navigation About The Joy Luck Club The Joy Luck Club Summary Character List Glossary Themes Summary And Analysis Chapters 1-2 Chapters 3-4 Chapters 5-6 Chapters 7-8 Chapters 9-10 Chapters 11-12 Chapters 13-14 Chapters 15-16 Asian-American Women Writers Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Quiz 5 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A Mini-Store Amy Tan Biography. The Joy Luck Club Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for essay The Joy Luck Club is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and essay about human, discuss the novel.
Lindo devises a clever escape plan and immigrates to frankenstein argumentative essay, San Francisco, where she works in a fortune cookie factory and meets her husband, Tin Jong, and about cloning, the other members of the Joy Luck Club. Please include the essay chapter you are referring to? What chapter are you referring to? Study Guide for The Joy Luck Club. The Joy Luck Club study guide contains a biography of having coming a thesis, Amy Tan, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. The Joy Luck Club essays are academic essays for citation.
These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan.
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A Case for Reading - Examining Challenged and Banned Books. Any work is potentially open to attack by frankenstein argumentative, someone, somewhere, sometime, for some reason. This lesson introduces students to topics censorship and how challenges to books occur. They are then invited to read challenged or banned books from the American Library Association's list of the most frequently challenged books. Argumentative Essay? Students decide for major, themselves what should be done with these books at their school by writing a persuasive essay explaining their perspectives.
Students share their pieces with the rest of the class, and as an extension activity, can share their essays with teachers, librarians, and others in their school. T-Chart Printout : This printable sheet allows students to keep notes on parts of books that they believe might be challenged, as well as supporting reasons. There are times that the books that are part of our curriculum are found to argumentative be questionable or offensive by other groups. Should teachers stop using those texts? Should the books be banned from schools? No! Censorship leaves students with an inadequate and distorted picture of the ideals, values, and problems of their culture. Partly because of censorship or the fear of censorship, many writers are ignored or inadequately represented in the public schools, and many are represented in coursework, anthologies not by their best work but by their safest' or least offensive' work, as stated in the NCTE Guideline. National Council of Teachers of English.
1981. Guideline on The Students' Right to Read. November 2009. Web. NCTE/IRA NATIONAL STANDARDS FOR THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS. Students read a wide range of argumentative print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to database respond to argumentative essay the needs and demands of society and the workplace; and for essay about human cloning, personal fulfillment. Frankenstein Essay? Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works. Students read a wide range of literature from many periods in many genres to build an understanding of the many dimensions #40;e.g., philosophical, ethical, aesthetic#41; of human experience. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts.
They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and essay about human, their understanding of frankenstein essay textual features #40;e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics#41;. Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and coursework, visual language #40;e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary#41; to communicate effectively with a variety of argumentative essay audiences and for different purposes. Students employ a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to communicate with different audiences for about advertisement topics, a variety of purposes. Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions #40;e.g., spelling and punctuation#41;, media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts. Students use a variety of technological and information resources #40;e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video#41; to gather and synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge. Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities. Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes #40;e.g., for frankenstein, learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of information#41;. Selected books as examples (from the most frequently challenged books list) Grades 3 12 | Student Interactive | Organizing Summarizing.
The Persuasion Map is an interactive graphic organizer that enables students to map out their arguments for a persuasive essay or debate. Because this lesson requires that students read a book from the ALA Challenged Book list, its a good idea to notify families prior to starting the up with, assignment. Frankenstein Argumentative Essay? See the example family letter for ideas on how to notify families. be exposed to the issues of censorship, challenged, or banned books. Display a selection of banned or challenged books in a prominent place in your classroom. Published? Include in this selection books meant for children and any included in the school curriculum. Ask students to speculate on what these books have in common. Explain to the students that these books have been censored. Frankenstein Argumentative Essay? Ask students to brainstorm a definition of censorship and can you major in creative writing, record the students' ideas on the board or chart paper. When you have come up with a definition the group agrees on, have students record the definition. Frankenstein? Did they find them to be entertaining, informative, beneficial or objectionable?
From a teacher-selected list of essay advertisement topics grade-appropriate books from the argumentative essay, Challenged Children's Books list, have groups of students select one of the thesis published, books to read in frankenstein, literature circles, traditional reading groups, or through read-alouds. After the students have completed the reading of their book, have a group or class discussion on the students' findings that they recorded on their bookmarks or T-Chart. Next, explain to students that they will be writing a persuasive piece stating what they believe should be done with the a thesis, book that has been challenged. If students read the argumentative, book in can you, groups, they could write a team response. Invite students to argumentative essay share their persuasive pieces with the rest of the class. It is their job to persuade teachers, librarians, or administrators to keep the book in their collection, remove the book from their collection, or add the book to their collection. If the essay cloning, students read their selected books in Literature Circles, the group members can take on argumentative the following roles: Concerned Parent The concerned parent is research papers database recovery interested in how controversial materials affect school children. Frankenstein Argumentative? The concerned parent wants to maintain a healthy learning environment for students. As students discuss censorship and challenged/banned books, and as they read their selected text, listen for comments that indicate they are identifying specific examples from the story that connect to the information they have learned (you should also check for evidence of this on their bookmarks or T-Chart).
The connections that they make between the details in the novel and the details they choose as their supporting reasons for their persuasive piece will reveal their understanding and engagement with the books. A Thesis? After students write persuasive essays, use this lesson to challenge them to summarize their essays concisely by creating five-slide presentations. Grades 3 12 | Student Interactive | Organizing Summarizing. The Persuasion Map is an interactive graphic organizer that enables students to map out their arguments for a persuasive essay or debate. Students are encouraged to think about why people challenge Harry Potter books, do a Web Quest that allows them to research the essay, issue, and decide whether the books should be banned from the public library. Grades 7 12 | Calendar Activity |nbsp September 24. Having Up With A Thesis? Students brainstorm reasons why certain books might have been banned and argumentative essay, discuss common reasons why books are challenged. Grades 3 6 | Calendar Activity |nbsp September 13.
Students adapt a Roald Dahl story to picture book format and share their books and add them to the classroom library. Additionally, they compare a book version and master coursework, film version of one of Dahl#039;s works. Grades 3 6 | Calendar Activity |nbsp February 12. Students work with a partner or individually to create cartoons of their favorite scenes from Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing . Grades K 12 | Professional Library | Position Statement. The current edition of The Students#039; Right to Read is an adaptation and updating of the original Council statement, including Citizen#039;s Request for Reconsideration of a Work. In honor of Banned Books Week, tune in to essay hear about some of the most frequently challenged books for coursework, teens in 2009, along with YA authors#039; perspectives on the experience of being censored.
Planning is necessary for all aspects of life. When planning a lesson as educators we need to begin with the established standards for the grade level, then we need to know the objectives, plan the frankenstein essay, time it will take and plan a timeline. Essay Human Cloning? We need to know the students and who would need accommodations and the type of accommodations required. When the lesson is frankenstein essay completed, the students understanding will be evaluated by master coursework, using an exit ticket or some other assessment. This process will be repeated until the essay, students master the materials. As a passionate reader this would be a really fun lesson to teach. I feel that the students would definitely get into it as since they like anything that challenges the system. I love the major in creative, format of the lesson because it gives a lot of opportunity for changes if they ever need to be made for any reason. October 13, 2015. Argumentative Essay? I just have to say that I love this idea.
I haven#039;t had a chance to teach it myself, but it is going into my must-teach lesson#039;s folder. I love this idea and the content! December 23, 2013. The lesson plan was very detailed and comprehensive. About Cloning? I#039;ve never covered this content before, however I would, if not all of frankenstein it then large portions of it, in the future. It was interesting to learn about T charts and formulating pros and cons. The content being spread out seems confusing. © 2017 IRA/NCTE. All rights reserved.
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eragon essays This is my essay/review about Eragon by Christopher Paolini. Frankenstein Argumentative Essay. It was posted in its entirety on Everything2.com and in an abbreviated form on Amazon.com due to space constraints. Essay Human Cloning. I'm reprinting it here with a few changes and frankenstein argumentative essay connections. Beware a few spoilers. There we go. ERAGON : Fantasy novel by Christopher Paolini; book 1 in the Inheritance Cycle . A short (and somewhat sarcastic) summary: Main character = Eragon, mysteeeeerious boy-child left with his aunt and uncle by wandering mother, father unknown. Boy finds mysteeeeerious stone. Turns out to be dragon egg.
Boy raises dragon and bonds with it strongly. Bad guys come and destroy boy's house and advertisement kill his uncle. Boy swears revenge. Frankenstein Essay. Boy's secret dragon is discovered by essay about mysteeeerious storyteller who turns out to frankenstein argumentative, be master swordsman and about cloning random magic user. The hunt for the bad guys begins, and essay boy searches for his destiny as a legendary Dragon Rider (of course, that must be capitalized). Eragon goes through traditional bouts of training and learning about major in creative, himself under the stern tutelage of old wise traveling companion. Along the way he gains and loses friends, and he rescues a mysteeeerious woman from a horrible dungeon while never straying from his quest to put right all that is frankenstein argumentative essay, wrong in a world oppressively ruled by an evil king. This book got lots of thesis published, attention when it first came out, partly because the author was so young. He was fifteen when he started the book, and frankenstein essay was nineteen when it was published. Age isn't always correlated with mastery, of thesis published, course, but when I read this book, I could TELL that the writer was either young or an immature writer.
Though it seems people think it got published somehow because of its great merit, this book was actually self-published by the author's parents (company was Paolini International), and then it was paraded around on a self-funded signing tour the way most self-published people do. An established author happened to run into the family doing a signing while he was on vacation, thought a kid writing a book was interesting, bought a copy and made his stepson read it, and frankenstein argumentative essay decided to try to about advertisement, get the book a deal when the kid liked it. (Don't believe me? Watch Carl Hiaasen explaining how it happened.) The people at Knopf re-edited and repackaged and frankenstein essay re-released it under that label. Can You Major. I believe that if this author had been lucky enough to get an agent and the book had meandered its way to publishing houses the usual way, it would have been rejected as unpublishable, for reasons I will discuss in depth here. Christopher Paolini, in his own words, describes his story as follows: Eragon is an archetypal hero story, filled with exciting action, dangerous villains, and fantastic locations.
There are dragons and elves, sword fights and unexpected revelations, and of course, a beautiful maiden who's more than capable of taking care of herself. I would argue that this book is frankenstein argumentative, not an archetypal hero story so much as an overused and overly traditional Tolkienien epic, with epic in quotes because it lacks exactly that epic nature that made the world of Lord of the Rings so rich. There was absolutely nothing new or unexpected in this book (though the author claims there are revelations), and if readers find this book exciting, they are probably reacting to research papers database, the concepts themselves (e.g., fantasy worlds, dragons, fierce battles) rather than the book's own merit, or perhaps they have never been exposed to the dozens of fantasy and frankenstein science fiction epics from which this author pulled his influences. My feeling was that this book was nothing special because, if I may be so blunt, it's been done, and it's been done better. Looks like Mikey wasn't impressed! Though I have to give the thesis, single prop that by standards of frankenstein argumentative essay, TECHNICAL editing it was a smooth novel (I, a professional editor, did not notice a single typographical error), I must say that content-wise it was an editorial mess. The fact that this novel gives the finger to the writing craft about essay about human cloning, a billion times raises my suspicions that it was not held to frankenstein argumentative, the usual industry standards. Here are a multitude of examples, unavoidably coated in spoiler dust. My complaints regarding the about, writing style itself:
Every imaginable permutation of the word said is used. Frankenstein. If the major, reader cannot tell how characters are saying something based on what they are saying, it is likely that the dialogue has been written sloppily. Frankenstein Argumentative. 'You're not thinking,' admonished Brom. Yes, that is an admonishment without you telling us so. Leave it out. Master Coursework. 'Get on with the story,' he said impatiently. Well, if one person is urging another to get on with it, it stands to reason that it's being said impatiently. Running into essay, 'Sorry,' apologized Brom made me cringe.
The fact that Brom said Sorry means that he apologized, so use said. Thesis Published. You can deviate from said if for some reason HOW the sentence is said is not obvious, such as volume (he whispered) or intent (he said sarcastically, if it isn't obvious that that's a sarcastic comment anyway). Leave out the frankenstein argumentative, decorations because they're tacky. The speech tags are not the part of the writing that is having trouble up with a thesis, supposed to be interesting, so don't distract us; believe me when I say that if you do it, nearly any editor will consider it an early warning sign that you are an amateur. Unnecessary description is inserted with maddening frequency. I am not usually a reader of traditional fantasy, and traditional fantasy does tend to be more flowery than other genres, but either way random descriptions should not just be thrown into the mix. Eragon is waking up and stretching. Suddenly we get a description of the items on his night table, including the random information that he likes to look at one of the objects on it frequently.
In the meantime, while we are getting this rush of information, Eragon is putting on his shoes. Argumentative. He then does not proceed to research papers, touch, pick up, or look at anything on the night table, and none of it is argumentative, ever mentioned again. Also, people and places just get sudden paragraphs of description. We're fighting an Urgal and all of a sudden . . . drop some description on human cloning, us. While he's rushing at frankenstein essay, Eragon with drooling fangs, no less. Can You Major In Creative. By all means, describe the fangs, slipping the adjectives in gracefully. But don't give us a run-down of a typical Urgal when we're a lot more interested in whether those fangs are going into Eragon's head. (I wish.) And lastly, too many words, phrases, and concepts seem to be entirely lifted from other well-known works. Argumentative. Word choice read as if it the author was attempting to use all his SAT words; it was verbose and flowery as if on purpose, trying to major in creative, impress with vocabulary that would have been better used sparingly. The similarity of some people's and argumentative places' names to those of Tolkien have not gone unnoticed by seasoned fantasy readers; I have heard several people call this book Aragorn without even noticing they weren't saying it right, not to mention things like Ardwen (compared with Arwen), Isenstar (compared with Isengard), and can you in creative writing Isidar (compared with Isildur)--and there are a LOT more. A ridiculous number of phrases seem to be something I've heard before, though I'm not sure where; for example, near the frankenstein argumentative essay, beginning someone is touching a wrapped package repeatedly, as if to master coursework, reassure herself that it was still there.
I mentioned this to a friend and said, That's FROM something. He replied, It's FROM everything! Far too often, ridiculously overused or clichd similes and metaphors are used, such as tears being described as liquid diamonds. It is essay, less like this book was written and more like it was sewn together from the torn apart products of others, like some old quilt on which the stitches are showing. (How's that for an original simile?) And now, criticism regarding the thesis, content: Two words: Unpronounceable names. Why is the frankenstein argumentative, land called Alagasia? I think there is thesis, little actual consistency in the languages, though Paolini tries to explain that away by saying the land was settled by frankenstein essay different people with different languages. Can You. (Seems to me an excuse for lack of consistency, considering on REAL maps the countries' names change depending on what country they were published in. Frankenstein Essay. Is the master, United States Estados Unidos on your English map?
Didn't think so.) Actually, the randomness of the accents and umlauts really came off as an frankenstein argumentative, attempt to make the language look cool and foreign. There is thesis, plenty of other delightful language fun, besides the random umlauts: Take for instance magic words with no damn vowels, or words that possess random apostrophes as if they are contractions, though no letters have been left out. Why are they called the Ra'zac? What is being left out between Ra and zac? The apostrophe isn't indicating any necessary pause; it just doesn't make any sense. And how does one pronounce Draumr kpa anyway?? Yes, you have succeeded in making it all exotic. Frankenstein Essay. I guess that was the point? And yes, I know that these words were based upon published, real ancient and modern languages that some readers would NOT consider unpronounceable, but here's the problem. Are the argumentative, humans speaking English?
Probably not; they've probably got some other language, but Paolini seems to published, have set English as the mysteriously unnamed common language. Which implies that everything we're reading has been reconfigured for our understanding anyway . With the sheer lack of consistency in these made-up languages, what is the purpose of deliberately choosing spellings that don't make sense to argumentative essay, English-speaking audiences? There's no excuse for the overall inconsistency; Tolkien's languages were hard to figure out, but he was a linguist, and there WAS rhyme and reason. You have to make all kinds of database recovery, new language rules up to argumentative essay, make Alagasia actually be pronounced the way he says it is, and it just would have been easier to about topics, spell it in argumentative a more intuitive way. It is trouble coming up with a thesis, not as if he is failing to be true to a well-thought-out phonics system if he excludes the delicious foreign-looking characters. Helpfully (of course), Paolini has included for us pronunciation guides and dictionaries in the appendices, though he warns us in essay said appendices that he is writing, not translating Eragon's magic utterances word for argumentative, word in order--and I quote--to save the reader from Eragon's atrocious grammar. (In other words, we are supposed to believe that he, like Tolkien, created entire other languages for these books, but since these languages are unlikely to hold up to intense scrutiny by any linguist--if any linguist could be made to care--there is the excuse that Eragon doesn't really speak it right.) And speaking of Tolkien. Trouble Coming Up With. . . . Okay. Attractive, complex map on inside cover. Essay. Flowery language, often to the point of ridiculousness (such as when he would return, he knew not).
Elves are fair, beautiful, long-lived people with another language. Dwarves are short, stocky, bearded people who live under mountains. Dragons breathe fire. Creatures called Urgals are regarded as monsters and speak a guttural language, though there are the elite forms of these which have multiple times the strength and research endurance. Frankenstein Argumentative Essay. All swords seem to have names. Hmm, except for the fact that the human cloning, name Urgal is used and argumentative people can actually ride the advertisement, dragons, I think this might just be Middle-Earth. I kept expecting to see a hobbit. On the argumentative, same note, it seems the author felt compelled to topics, cover nearly every fantasy-epic plotline known to man, and frankenstein essay kept kind of changing his mind about what focus to use. First there's the whole Luke Skywalker thing; Eragon comes to terms with his identity as a Dragon Rider and can you leaves his homeland in the company of argumentative, a mysterious stranger who knows too much and can train him. We have the research database, actual training and traveling, him kind of coming into his own--common fantasy coming of age and frankenstein essay whatnot.
Learning his new skills: Swordsmanship, dragon-riding, magic, reading . . . he gets all his tools for adulthood and for being a hero. Essay Topics. And as soon as those who killed his uncle are no longer a danger (robbing him of an immediate goal), just in time, he starts having convenient dreams about a woman in a dungeon--who he of course has to rescue. Frankenstein. What is a fantasy without a woman to rescue? Oh WAIT! She's been poisoned! QUICK! We must go on a quest to find the antidote in a race against time, though at research papers database recovery, no point during the frenzied journey are we actually worried that the lady is frankenstein argumentative, going to die. THAT wouldn't happen; love-interest girls are only allowed to have sexy and thesis published alluring bad things happen to them, like an attractive scar on frankenstein essay, the cheek or a tragic past where Daddy didn't love her. Thesis. They don't die of a slow-acting poison, making the hero's trip completely forfeit.
Don't forget the proverbial choosing of sides, where upon his arrival the hero must decide where to cast his alliance, though of course there are spies and baddies among the good guys. (And of course this place where they will find an essay, antidote for that poison is also the place where Eragon can get full training in swordsmanship and magic so he can continue to kick ass.) What will he do? Will it be a wonderful epic quest during which he will overthrow the evil king and become a reluctant but benevolent authority figure? YOU BET. Although that was just my speculation upon finishing Eragon , considering there were still three books to go at that point. As if that wasn't enough, the story contains many details that might have been included in the interest of fleshing out the world of Alagasia, but they were rather pointless meanderings rather than descriptions that mattered later and added to the richness of the novel. I got the idea that the major in creative, author just wanted to frankenstein, tell us some neat detail he'd worked out, one of those things that authors are supposed to essay human, KNOW but not tell the audience unless it MATTERS, and in order to squeeze it in he just randomly has the main character have these questions occur to him so someone else can go off on a tangent explaining the argumentative, finer points of, say, the communication system they use in this half-deserted mountain. Sometimes it just seems he hasn't quite figured out what inventive little blurbs should nevertheless be left out. Sticking these in is yet another hallmark of an amateur. Paolini would do better to avoid chattering about it what he's invented, and maybe instead do some research on pseudo-medieval settings so he doesn't make mistakes like having poor villagers living in what would have been rich people's conditions back then.
Eragon had his own room in their humble house for crying out loud. Research much? I bet it had glass in the windows! Then there is the can you, matter of the overused characters. First, the random fountain-of-wisdom old man who obviously has a curious connection to argumentative essay, the main character. (Can you say Luke, I am your father? Okay, so he's written as though he's more like a grandfather, but the essay advertisement, role he ends up filling is close enough -- the essay, same thing -- wait, now we're changing the coursework, story and he actually IS --never mind, spoilers bad. Frankenstein Essay. Besides, he's a lot more like Obi-Wan.) He hides information from essay Eragon because oh that would be dangerous for you to know now or I will keep that to frankenstein essay, myself.
Translation: Plot-wise, Eragon needs to master, be ignorant of that in essay order to essay about, make all the supposed revelations of the story more powerful, so we'll just make him a stubborn old man who talks all too freely once the dramatic revelations have passed. Completely manipulating a character to have all-too-convenient whims about what information he drops . Essay. . . this is just bad form. (Of course, he later justifies it by saying that some of those secrets are not his to tell, but still, awfully convenient, don't you think? And what about the secrets he ended up telling ANYWAY once Eragon discovered part of the truth himself?) It is akin to the Scarecrow coming to Glinda the Good Witch at the end of The Wizard of Oz and asking her, WHY didn't you just tell Dorothy to click her heels before she had to go through all this? She wouldn't have believed me! says Glinda. Translation: If it had been that simple, we couldn't have had a movie! And what about Arya, the token girl--I mean, the alluring love interest?
Paolini seems quite proud of himself for having a beautiful maiden who's more than capable of taking care of herself, but first off, does he have any idea how INSULTING that is? He's trying to make it out like this is a compliment, but if he were to say a handsome hero who's more than capable of taking care of himself, people would go cross-eyed thinking, Well, of research recovery, course the HERO can take care of himself. Frankenstein Essay. He's the GUY! But if a WOMAN can take care of herself in a story, well, now that's something different, isn't it? He seems to have no idea that he betrays a sexist attitude toward women if he suggests that this one being able to essay, defend herself is somehow unusual. And beyond that . . . she isn't particularly independent, considering her role in frankenstein the story begins when she has to be rescued by thesis published our bumbling dragon-riding hero. Arya pretty much has no personality--like everyone else in frankenstein the story, actually--and exists as a plot device. At least it's kind of fun to watch her respond to Eragon as though she is offended by his attention. This, however, is the formula for falling in love with him later in the series. What's the likelihood that a man and woman portrayed as hating each other in the beginning don't end up together in thesis the end? Paolini might end up NOT going this route, but frankly I'd be surprised if he didn't.
This is archetypal, after all, and essay that means it has to rip off better works of literature. And in most works of master coursework, literature, the guy and the girl get together. That or they turn out to be related. And last but not least: Galbatorix. Big evil king. They haven't really mentioned much about what he's doing that's evil, though apparently he levies taxes (hmm, our government does that too--we should attack it with dragons!). People don't really seem that bad off under this guy, except that he seems to employ some real jerks as henchmen--he gives those guys jobs to frankenstein essay, run around and be scary and stuff. But . . . see, what is this guy's motivation? I bet you know. He's crazy!
Everything he does is because he is insane. Thesis. There is an explanation for his insanity, but it's pretty weak, and frankenstein it was brought on essay advertisement topics, by some very unwise choices he made in the past which also seem to frankenstein argumentative essay, have no motivation. Foreshadowing? Yes. Often, and having a thesis obvious. Even goes so far as to have a woman who tells Eragon's fortune, with deliberately dubious prophecies that supposedly will only make sense after they come true. Essay. (Incidentally, the fortune-teller is shamelessly based on the author's own sister, and bears her name.) She prophesies that a family member will betray him, and he doesn't think his only living cousin is capable of doing so? At this point, my immediate thought was, He's going to somehow find out that his father changed sides and joined the bad guys.
A traitor! Heavens, no! More speculation on about topics, my part, of course, but then again, this story has mostly been written before, and argumentative it's more or less a toss-up to see if Darth Vader turns out to essay about, be Luke's . . . *ahem* Eragon's father, or if it's more of a Sauron/Saruman kind of deal. Okay, note on the above, added much later because of frankenstein argumentative essay, all the mail I got about it from Eragon fans. My prediction about Daddy being the betraying relative wasn't dead on, how about coursework, that. Essay. And lots of essay human, fans have scrambled to frankenstein, tell me so, attempting to mock me by saying essentially Ha-ha, you were WRONG, the prophecy wasn't about his father, it was his BROTHER! . . . Can You In Creative Writing. Yeah. Does anyone else find this ironic? Luke, I am your brother, and by the way my father did in fact betray the Dragon Riders and join the bad guys. That they're claiming I was wrong because instead of the classic father figure directly betraying the main character, the frankenstein essay, dad was a traitor before he was born and the direct betrayal came from a different relative?
Do you people NOT see that it is still ridiculously predictable? It's still the can you writing, same overdone shock of frankenstein, family betrayal that he set up as if we wouldn't see it coming. The fact that it was his brother and not his father who stabbed him in the back does not disprove my point. We have a Sauron/Saruman situation because the major in creative, bad guy--Eragon's brother--is being controlled and influenced by the real big baddie. Surprise! How about argumentative essay, physical impossibilities?
Yes, we're reading a story that has a talking dragon in it, so maybe we're supposed to suspend disbelief, but it seems mostly the laws of thesis published, physics apply in Alagasia. Frankenstein. So. In Creative. A bad storm descends upon frankenstein essay, the boy and thesis his dragon, and before the poor creature has managed to fold her wings appropriately, she is caught by frankenstein essay the wind and blown over, and essay about she does not seem to be strong enough to frankenstein essay, tuck her wings in against the wind to avoid getting blown over again. This right here could maybe be ignored, because I don't think it was ever explained how big her wings are, so maybe she'd lose control if there were really strong winds, though we'd have to ignore that she'd have to have very STRONG wings to get her giant dragon body off the papers database, ground so if the wind can force them open but not pull her up too we have a physics mismatch. But get this. Eragon, a teenage boy, runs over to essay, help Saphira close her wings.
Now, if a mighty dragon cannot summon the strength to close her sails against the wind, exactly how much will it help to have a little human teenager (who can ride on her during normal conditions) pushing on can you in creative writing, them? So, this is just silly to argumentative essay, be sure, but I think I've figured out why it was written that way. Being a writer myself, I know this syndrome very well: It's called I just really wanted to write this scene disease. Essay. Whole stories are constructed around these gratuitous scenes, the ones the author saw in the mind early in the story-creating process. It ended up in the story rough around the edges because it just doesn't quite go. Oh yeah, don't forget when Eragon accidentally does magic for frankenstein argumentative essay, the first time to defeat an Urgal. Background: He doesn't know any magic-users (has yet to find out that his traveling companion can use magic). He doesn't know anything about magic and if he did he wouldn't have any reason to published, believe that he had any.
But oh look . . . under attack, he not only uses the magic against his foe, but just happens to find the necessary magic word on his tongue and says it in frankenstein conjunction with his attack (without which, he finds out later, nothing would have happened). He had heard his companion say the magic word for fire once. He did not know it was a magic word then; he thought it was a curse word. Why would he randomly say it? That is a hell of an intuition, even given the dire circumstances, and considering Eragon a) never used brisingr as a curse word even once before that point and b) the story never shows someone doing magic under conditions of essay about cloning, ignorance and lack of focus before or after this scene, that's just too much of a coincidence for us to swallow just in the name of letting Eragon have his little revelation of OMG I gotz magic?? A little side effect, I think, of not ironing out all the rules of the land before writing it, and not tweaking earlier writings to match the frankenstein, consistent rules. Because he is needed to coursework, help sort through some secret information, Eragon is frankenstein argumentative essay, taught how to in creative writing, read. In a week. Yeah. (Sure maybe he could recognize some letters and be of argumentative, some help in finding keywords, but all of a sudden after that he mostly reads like anyone else. 'Nuff said.) He learns the ancient magic language similarly easily, and though he was only taught it for the purpose of using magic, he is can you major in creative writing, still somehow able to have a complex conversation with an frankenstein argumentative, elf using only that language, and understands her giving him directions to a thesis, an unfamiliar place. I am having trouble swallowing this.
Especially since he was previously an illiterate farmboy and had no context for frankenstein essay, learning written or spoken languages, and thesis published isn't said to acquire unusual learning abilities through his new Speshul Dragonriderdom. Pet peeve: At least three or four times in frankenstein argumentative this novel it is master coursework, mentioned that someone cries a single tear or has a single tear running down his or her face. Why does it always have to be one tear? This is not the movies; you can have torrential crying in a book if you want to. This does not strike me as romantic. This strikes me as obviously fake and contrived, not true emotion but more to frankenstein, write a cool visual scene.
I am really turned off by this. Another pet peeve: A minor villain is destroyed at the end; since it is having a thesis, a series, it cannot be the MAIN villain (assumingly it's the frankenstein argumentative, oppressive king), but the major villain of the book is research papers database, heroically killed by the main character, who is of course scarred physically and emotionally by the experience (but not, of course, on essay, his face; only upon skin that will show if he takes off his battle gear in the privacy of a secluded room, preferably with a sexy elf woman watching). During the battle, details are revealed about the villain's past that make the reader understand why he turned evil; in other words, his actions are sort of about human, justified so that we sympathize a bit before he, ya know, DIES. This slight redemption of the evil guy is frankenstein, only slightly preferable to the plot where the villain is just evil for no reason, but it's only a step up, and not a big one. Of COURSE the villain was scarred for life by losses he incurred as a child. It's only natural. Published. And instead of being the giant revelation the frankenstein argumentative, author was expecting to unveil, that was my exact thought: Well, of course.
Overall, I just think this book was written as though it had a template or blueprint for traditional fantasy novel and the details and can you major in creative writing names were simply filled in. I couldn't help feeling the frankenstein argumentative essay, entire time I was reading it that I had read this story before; nothing was much of trouble up with, a surprise, and things that didn't make sense or got in frankenstein argumentative the way of a conflicting original vision were smoothed over with excuses or deliberate muddling of motives. I think in order to write something so traditional, a writer needs something special--a unique twist or slant--and this just hasn't got it. (In other words, I'm not saying writing an archetypal fantasy epic is BAD; I'm saying it needs to about human, not be a rehashing of overused story elements that were invented, reformed, or retold from legend by classic writers.) The boy and his powerful companion having an intimate relationship? Done, in frankenstein everything from Anne McCaffrey to essay, freaking Digimon . The hero quest to punish the baddies and bring the good guys back into power? Done, in Lord of the Rings and Star Wars . Lush descriptions of argumentative, landscapes and surroundings? Done by Tolkien of course, but more as a background to action rather than in stagnant heaps of detail.
Mysterious companions to whom there is more than meets the eye? I don't even want to think about all the books and movies that have done that. I can't pick out a single thing that this book has that has never been done before, the characters didn't interest or capture me, the storytelling was riddled with too many attempts to be grand that I was just entirely turned off by it. In short, I very much doubt I will enjoy reading the rest of the Inheritance Cycle , though I will be muddling through it at the insistence of all my fans (thank you, thank you; yes, hundreds of people have liked what I did here, and you can read my comments if you think I'm making it up). Advertisement. But you can read the frankenstein essay, book for yourself if you choose, or learn more about it by looking at other people's book reviews and published checking out the website at argumentative essay, www.alagaesia.com . I've heard silly stories about this author going to speak at school assemblies and whatnot (dressed in some sort of goofy medieval costume, so I hear), telling them all about his ideas and inspirations as if he is already a legendary master storyteller instead of a kid who likes to can you writing, write and happened to get a break. Dude. He's about as good at essay, writing fantasy as he is at actually executing the swordplay he writes about. (Li'l movie made by predak123.
Yes, actual Paolini footage and quote.) I'm betting that if Paolini does eventually get to the point where he has enough experience to write something I can respect, he will probably be kicking himself that he let this baby go before he did his homework. I know the stuff I wrote when I was nineteen was pretty abysmal (though not in the same ways that this guy's is). Published. Difference is, I knew it, and argumentative essay I did not press my idea prematurely into print through a vanity press. I've done my damn homework. And if he had done likewise, we'd see evidence that he could show his work on master coursework, these little math problems here. Frankenstein. Copying them out about topics, of the textbook and then fiddling with the end sums does not a homework assignment make. Okay, well, since I am now at the risk of going on frankenstein argumentative essay, in metaphor pretentiously for recovery, the next hour, I think I will end this here. Frankenstein Argumentative Essay. Thank you for listening to my whining opinions. I posted a version of this essay as a review on Amazon.com when I first read it, and about human it was number a hundred-and-something, so I figured it was buried and would never be seen. Au contraire!
Apparently enough people voted it helpful that it became the frankenstein argumentative essay, spotlight review, viewable as one of the first reviews whenever anyone looked this book up on that site. As a result I started getting mail. Weirdly, ALL of it was POSITIVE! I was expecting lots of essay human, little kids to send me e-mails that were the equivalent of frankenstein argumentative essay, nuh-uh! But it was mostly people who agreed with me. Major In Creative. I saved but didn't post people who agree with me, but there have been dozens and dozens of argumentative essay, them. Apparently a lot of people are encouraged to published, see that someone can explain why this book is not all that. However, I have gotten some negatives--through the comments box on my website, through my e-mail box, and argumentative through direct comments referring to me in other people's Amazon.com reviews. If you'd like to read some interesting responses, please go back to the jump-off page and look through the comments and responses.
Or just get on with reading my review of the sequel! Any comments left here are PUBLIC. If you are not comfortable with that, mail me directly.